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4,890 terms

Barron GRE Scam

Barron GRE Scam
STUDY
PLAY
bastion
stronghold; something seen as a source of protection; Ex. the last bastion of male chauvinism
growl
low, guttural, menacing sound (as of a dog)
maverick
rebel; nonconformist (in a group)
lethargic
drowsy; dull; N. lethargy: state of sluggishness and inactivity
paraphernalia
equipment; odds and ends used in a particular activity; personal belongings; Ex. photographic paraphernalia; CF. married woman's property exclusive of her dowry
mores
conventions; moral standards; moral customs
timidity
lack of self-confidence or courage
understate
state with less truth than seems warranted by the facts; Ex. He understated the seriousness of the crime; N. understatement; OP. overstate
protocol
diplomatic etiquette; ceremony and etiquette observed by diplomats; first copy of a treaty before its ratification; Ex. Protocol demands that the queen meet him at the airport.
braid
plait; interweave strands or lengths of; make by weaving strands together; N: braided segment (as of hair)
acquiesce
assent; agree passively; comply without protest
favoritism
display of partiality toward a favored person
wake
trail of ship or other object through water; path of something that has gone before; Ex. hunger followed in the wake of the war
draught
current of air (through a room or to a fire); act of pulling roads; act of swallowing liquid or amount of liquid swallowed at a time
betoken
signify; indicate; be a sign of
aviary
enclosure for birds; large cage
waggish
humorous; mischievous; tricky
adapt
make or become suitable for a specific use; alter; modify; adjust; N. adaptation: act of adapting; composition recast into a new form; Ex. The play is an adaption of a short novel.
bugaboo
bugbear; object of baseless terror
foliage
masses of leaves; CF. defoliate
satellite
small body revolving around a larger one
bungle
mismanage; blunder; botch; blow; spoil by clumsy behavior
reinstate
restore to a previous condition or position
mnemonic
pertaining to memory; assisting the memory; N: device, such as as formula or rhyme, used as a mnemonic aid
conscript
draftee; person forced into military service; V.
contend
struggle; compete; assert earnestly; state strongly
functional
made for practical use only (without decoration); functioning; Ex. functional modern furniture; CF. functionalism
punctilious
minutely attentive (perhaps too much so) to fine points; stressing niceties of conduct or form; N. punctilio, punctiliousness: careful attention payed to every small exact detail
imbecility
weakness of mind; state of being an imbecile; N. imbecile: stupid person; fool
rebuke
scold harshly; criticize severely
facile
easily accomplished; ready or fluent; superficial; not deep; Ex. facile solution to a complex problem; Ex. facile speaker; N. facility: ability to do something easily and well; ease in doing resulting from skill or aptitude; something that facilitates an action; amenity; Ex. with great facility
hardy
(of people or animals) sturdy; robust; (of plants) able to stand inclement(stormy) weather
penury
extreme poverty; stinginess; ADJ. penurious: very poor; stingy
venal
capable of being bribed; corrupt; CF. vernal
flit
fly; fly or move lightly or quickly; dart lightly; pass swiftly by; Ex. a bee flitting from flower to flower
magnate
person of prominence or influence; powerful or influential person (in business or industry); Ex. oil magnate
botch
mismanage; blow
citadel
fortress
libidinous
lustful
mendicant
beggar; ADJ: living as a beggar
oaf
stupid awkward person; CF. elf
voyeur
Peeping Tom; person who derives sexual gratification from observing the sexual acts of others
docile
obedient; easily managed; submissive
vitiate
spoil the effect of; make inoperative; corrupt morally
narrative
related to telling a story; N: narrated account; story; V. narrate: tell (a story); CF. narration
derision
ridicule; ADJ. derisive; CF. derisory
cupidity
greed (for wealth); CF. cupid; CF. Cupid
savory
pleasant in taste; tasty; pleasing, attractive, or agreeable; Ex. savory reputation
rank
offensive in odor or flavor
quisling
traitor who aids invaders; CF. Vidkun Quisling
tact
skill or sensitivity in dealing with people without causing offence
fallacious
false; based on a fallacy; misleading; N. fallacy: false idea or notion; false reasoning; Ex. popular fallacy; Ex. fallacy of the argument
trim
make neat or tidy by clipping; reduce by removing what is unnecessary; ornament; decorate (round the edges); Ex. trim the cost; Ex. jacket trimmed with fur; N. ADJ: tidy; in good order
compartment
one of the parts into which an enclosed space is divided
squander
waste; spend foolishly
colloquy
informal discussion; conversation
refurbish
renovate; make clean, bright, or fresh (make new) again; make bright by polishing; Ex. refurbish an old theater; CF. furbish: polish
desolate
make desolate; forsake; abandon and desert
fumble
move the fingers and hands awkwardly (in search of something); mishandle or drop a ball that is in play; bungle; botch; spoil by mishandling; N.
misapprehension
error; misunderstanding; V. misapprehend
ameliorate
improve
isthmus
narrow neck of land connecting two larger bodies of land
skulduggery(skullduggery)
dishonest behavior or action; Ex. skulduggery in the election
celibate
abstaining from sexual intercourse; unmarried; N. celibacy
odium
detestation; quality of being odious; hatefulness; disrepute (resulting from hateful conduct)
deserts
what someone deserves
nugatory
worthless; futile
rendition
rendering; translation; artistic interpretation of a song, etc
incursion
temporary invasion; CF. excursion: short journey
terrestrial
on or relating to the earth
stigma
token of disgrace; brand; V. stigmatize: mark with a stigma; characterize as disgraceful
gross
total; fragrant; clearly wrong; (of people's behavior) coarse; corpulent; Ex. gross insolence/behavior; V: earn as a total amount; N: 12 dozens
doctrine
teachings in general; particular principle (religious, legal, etc.) taught; dogma; tenet; ADJ. doctrinal
misnomer
wrong or improper name; incorrect designation
proliferate
grow rapidly (in numbers); spread; multiply; N. proliferation
hindsight
understanding the nature of an event after it has actually happened
lucid
easily understood; clear; intelligible; N. lucidity
impenetrable
not able to be pierced or entered; beyond understanding; impossible to understand; Ex. impenetrable mystery
ghastly
horrible; terrifying; resembling ghosts; CF. aghast
tremulous
trembling; wavering
garish
overbright in color; unpleasantly bright; gaudy
euphony
sweet sound; ADJ. euphonious
pithy
concise and meaningful; substantial; meaty
girth
distance around something; circumference
lap
take in food or drink with one's tongue; splash gently; Ex. waves lapping the shore; N: front area from the waist to the knees of a seated person
asteroid
small planet
adulation
flattery; admiration that is more than is necessary or deserved
array
marshal; draw up in order; arrange in order; clothe splendidly; adorn; N: fine clothes; ordered group; Ex. in battle array
redoubtable
formidable; causing fear
approbation
approval
attrition
rubbing away by friction; gradual decrease in numbers or strength; reduction in the work force without firing employees; wearing away of opposition by means of harassment; Ex. a war of attrition
secession
withdrawal; V. secede: withdraw formally from membership
poignancy
quality of being deeply moving; keenness of emotion; ADJ. poignant: touching; deeply moving; (of sorrow, grief, etc.) painful; keenly distressing to the mind; Ex. poignant memory/anxiety; CF. prick
fodder
coarse food for cattle, horses, etc.; feed for livestock; CF. food
regale
entertain
warren
tunnels in which rabbits live; overcrowded living area; crowded conditions in which people live
distant
reserved or aloof; cold in manner; Ex. distant greeting; ADV. distantly
entrance
put under a spell(condition caused by magical power); carry away(fill with strong feeling) with emotion; put into a trance; fill with delight
heterogeneous
dissimilar; mixed; not homogeneous; consisting of dissimilar elements or plants
temperate
moderate; restrained; self-controlled; moderate in respect to temperature; CF. temperance: moderation and self-restraint; abstinence of alcoholic drinks; Ex. temperance society
glamor
compelling charm; ADJ. glamorous
disinterested
unprejudiced; free from bias and self-interest; objective
mosaic
picture made of small colorful inlaid tiles; ADJ.
arboreal
of or living in trees
uninhibited
unrepressed; free in behavior and feelings
amnesty
pardon (allowed by government to political criminals)
stint
supply; allotted amount of work; assigned portion of work; limitation; Ex. two-year stint in the army; Ex. without stint
spin
rotate swiftly; make (thread) by twisting (cotton, wool, etc.); N.
grumble
complain; mutter discontentedly; grouch; N.
recondite
abstruse; not easily understood; profound; secret
consonance
harmony; agreement
enduring
lasting; surviving; V. endure: bear (pain or suffering) for a long time; remain alive (in spite of difficulties); last; survive
concave
hollow; curved inwards; OP. convex
forward
presumptuous or bold
astigmatism
eye defect which prevents proper focus; OP. stigmatism
singular
being only one; individual; unique; extraordinary; odd; Ex. singular beauty/behavior
augury
omen; prophecy; sign of coming events; V. augur: predict; foretell; be a sign of (something in future)
tribulation
suffering; ordeal; distress; trial
cater
provide food and drink (for); cater to: try to satisfy (desires of a bad kind)
sartorial
pertaining to tailors or tailoring; Ex. a man of great sartorial elegance; CF. sartor: tailor
slur
slander; insult to one's character or reputation; V.
quarry
person or animal of pursuit; victim; object of a hunt; prey
queue
line (of waiting people or vehicles)
funereal
sad; solemn; suitable for a funeral
genre
particular variety of art or literature
amphibian
able to live both on land and in water; N.
ineluctable
irresistible; not to be escaped; unavoidable
appall
dismay; shock deeply
analgesia
condition of being unable to feel pain
resign
give up (a position, right, or claim); submit (oneself) passively
pang
sudden sharp feeling of pain
incontinent
lacking self-restraint; not continent; licentious
stickler
perfectionist; person who insists things be exactly right
inclined
tending or leaning toward; bent; V. incline: slant; dispose; be disposed; tend
episodic
(of a story or play) loosely connected; made up of separate and loosely connected parts; N. episode: incident in the course of an experience
seasonable
occurring at the proper time or season; opportune; Ex. seasonable intervention in the dispute
astringent
binding; causing contraction (stopping bleeding); harsh or severe; stringent; Ex. astringent criticism
quotidian
daily; commonplace; customary; Ex. quotidian routine
stanza
division of a poem (composed of two or more lines)
sentinel
sentry; lookout
saga
Scandinavian myth; any legend; long heroic narrative
aristocracy
hereditary nobility; privileged class; government by nobility; N. aristocrat
innuendo
indirect or subtle (derogatory) hint; insinuation; Ex. sexual innuendo
rag
scrap of cloth; ADJ. ragged: old and torn; seeming unfinished and imperfect; Ex. ragged debut/performance
conducive
helpful; contributive; V. conduce; Ex. conduce to/towards
slight
insult to one's dignity; snub; V: treat as if of small importance; insult; snub; ADJ. small in size; of small importance
tout
promote or publicize (one's goods or service); praise excessively (as a form of advertisement); CF. advertise
repugnance
disgust; strong dislike; loathing; ADJ. repugnant: arousing disgust; repulsive
cue
word or signal (as in a play to prompt another actor's speech or entrance); reminder or hint; V: give a cue to
soliloquy
talking to oneself (esp. in a play); CF. monologue: soliloquy; long speech by one person (often monopolizing a conversation)
fruition
bearing of fruit; fulfillment; realization; Ex. come to/be brought to fruition
termination
end; V. terminate
intermittent
periodic; on and off; stopping and starting at intervals
jocose
given to(having a tendency of) joking
blasphemy
irreverence; sacrilege; cursing; bad language about God or holy things; V. blasphem; ADJ. blasphemous; CF. sacrilege
consummate
complete; V.
consequential
self-important; significant; consequent; following as a result; Ex. consequential air; CF. subsequent
gainsay
deny
abolish
cancel; put an end to
convivial
pleasantly merry; festive; joyous; gay; characterized by joviality; jovial
gawk
stare foolishly; look in open-mouthed awe
betray
be unfaithful; reveal (unconsciously or unwillingly); Ex. Her trembling hands betray her anxiety.
cession
yielding to another; ceding
cogent
convincing
flaunt
display ostentatiously; Ex. ``Honey, if you've got it, flaunt it !''
chaperon
older person who accompanies and supervises a young unmarried woman
conspire
take part in a conspiracy; (of events) work together; combine; Ex. Events conspired to produce great difficulties.
clemency
disposition to be lenient in deciding punishments; mildness as of the weather; ADJ. clement
nostrum
questionable medicine; quack medicine; CF. our (remedy)
scrutinize
examine closely and critically; N. scrutiny
archetype
prototype; primitive pattern
trite
hackneyed; commonplace
codify
arrange (laws or rules) as a code; classify; N. code: system of words used instead of ordinary writing; collection of laws, rules, established social customs
conflagration
great fire
subliminal
below the threshold of conscious perception; Ex. subliminal advertisement
duplicity
double-dealing; hypocrisy; being dishonest and deceitful; ADJ. duplicitous
epithet
word or phrase characteristically used to describe a person or thing; descriptive phrase to characterize a person (often contemptous)
peon
landless agricultural worker; bond servant; menial worker; N. peonage
thematic
of a theme; relating to a unifying motif or idea
plight
difficult condition; condition or state (esp. a bad state or condition); predicament
cohorts
group of people who share some common quality; armed band; a group of between 300 and 600 soldiers under one commander (in the ancient Rome)
labile
likely to change; unstable; Ex. emotionally labile; N. lability
panegyric
formal praise; encomium; Ex. I don't deserve such panegyrics.
apothecary
druggist; pharmacist
requisition
formal demand or request; Ex. requisition for more computing equipment; V.
ample
enough; abundant; spacious; large in size; Ex. ample opportunity/garden; N. amplitude: quality of being ample; abundance; largeness of space
unassuaged
unsatisfied; not soothed
exigency
urgent situation; ADJ. exigent
voodoo
religion practiced chiefly in Haiti
furrow
long shallow trench made by a plow; deep wrinkle in the skin; V.
gerontocracy
government ruled by old people
rarefied
made less dense (of a gas); V. rarefy: make less dense; N. rarefaction
madrigal
pastoral song; song for several singers without instruments
multilingual
having many languages; fluent in several languages
adept
expert at; very skilled
suffocate
die or kill from lack of air; suppress
deadlock
standstill resulting from the opposition of two unrelenting forces; stalemate
laconic
brief and to the point; using few words; terse
fake
not genuine; N: one that is not genuine; impostor; sham; V: counterfeit; Ex. fake the results of the experiment/the signature
apparition
ghost; phantom
scurrilous
abusive; obscene; indecent; Ex. scurrilous remark
consanguineous(consanguine)
having a common ancestor
diabolical
diabolic; devilish; fiendish
wither
(of a plant) dry up from loss of moisture; lose freshness; shrivel; decay
fresco
painting on wet plaster (usually fresh)
masochist
person who enjoys his own pain; CF. masochism
progenitor
ancestor
odoriferous
giving off an odor
asperity
sharpness; roughness; severity (of temper or weather); Ex. asperities of a Russian winter
salient
prominent; projecting beyond a line; conspicuous; Ex. salient features
brook
tolerate; endure; Ex. brook no interference; N: small stream
ductile
malleable; pliable; (of metals) easily pulled into shape; flexible; (of someone) easily influenced or controlled
subversive
tending to overthrow or ruin; V. subvert: overthrow completely (an established system); destroy completely; CF. undermine ?
monotony
sameness leading to boredom; monotonousness; ADJ. monotonous; CF. monotone
inkling
hint; slight indication
corrode
destroy or wear away gradually by chemical action (over a long period)
nirvana
in Buddhist teachings, the ideal state in which the individual loses himself in the attainment of an impersonal beatitude
ribald
marked by vulgar lewd humor; wanton; profane; N. ribaldry: ribald language or joke
elastic
able to spring back into shape; quick to recover (as from disappointment); able to adapt to change; Ex. elastic plans; N: elastic material
biennial
every two years
pugilist
boxer; CF. pugilism: boxing
eulogy
expression of praise, often on the occasion of someone's death; V. eulogize
limp
walk lamely; ADJ: lacking firmness; weak
coy
shy (flirtatiously); showing a (pretended) lack of self-confidence; modest; coquettish; CF. job offer¸¦ ¹Þ¾ÒÀ» ¶§
ordain
decree or command; grant holy orders; predestine; install as a minister, priest, or rabbi; N. ordainment; CF. ordination
noisome
foul smelling; very unpleasant; unwholesome
semblance
outward appearance; guise; Ex. We called in the troops to bring a/some semblance of order to the city.
assert
state strongly or positively; demand recognition of (rights, claims, etc.); make a claim to (by forceful action); Ex. assert one's independence
calamity
disaster; misery
foil
defeat; frustrate; prevent from being successful; thwart; CF. fail
invocation
prayer for help (used in invoking); calling upon as a reference or support; act of invoking
retaliate
repay in kind (usually for bad treatment); V. retaliate
complicity
participation; involvement (in a questionable act or a crime)
tangible
able to be touched; real; concrete; palpable; possible to realize or understand; Ex. tangible proof
numismatist
person who collects coins; N. numismatics: study or collection of money, coins, and medals
supplant
take the place of unfairly; usurp; replace
progeny
children; offspring; descendants
list
tilt (as of a ship); lean over (to one side)
invoke
call and bring into use (a right or law); call on/upon (a higher power or god) for help; ask for; beg for; conjure (a spirit); Ex. invoke the veto power; Ex. invoke one's advisor/God
slither
slip or slide
precedent
something preceding in time which may be used as an authority or guide for future action; V. precede; CF. unprecedented
gaunt
lean and angular; thin and bony; emaciated; barren
dishearten
discourage
commensurate
equal in extent; of the same size
ethereal
like a spirit or fairy; unearthly light; heavenly; unusually refined; Ex. She has an ethereal beauty; CF. ether: upper air
archaic
antiquated; no longer used; belonging to the past; N.
longevity
long life; long duration
pan
criticize harshly
quintessence
purest and highest embodiment; perfect example; apotheosis; most essential element; Ex. quintessence of wit; ADJ. quintessential; CF. fifth essence
scanty
meager; insufficient
unseemly
unbecoming; not proper in behavior; indecent; Ex. leave with unseemly haste
rebuff
reject bluntly; snub; beat back; Ex. She rebuffed his invitation; N.
pulverize
crush or grind into very small particles
canny
shrewd in money matters; thrifty
influx
flowing into
overwrought
nervous or excited; extremely agitated; hysterical; wrought-up; CF. wrought: made or done
clientele
body of customers
patent
obvious; easily seen; open for the public to read; of or protected by a patent; Ex. patent to everyone; N.
wane
decrease in size or strength (after being full); grow gradually to an end; Ex. The moon waxes and wanes every month; N.
fetter
shackle; restrict the freedom of; N. chain or shackle for the foot of a prisoner; CF. foot
regeneration
spiritual rebirth; Ex. regeneration of the prisoners; V. regenerate: give or obtain new life; reform spiritually
pedagogy
teaching; art of education
jubilation
rejoicing; great joy
mete
measure; distribute; administer; Ex. mete out justice/punishment
pulmonary
pertaining to the lungs
rift
narrow opening in a large mass; break in a friendly relation; Ex. through a rift in the clouds; OP. reconcilation
exonerate
acquit; exculpate; free from blame or guilt
untoward
unexpected and adverse; unfortunate or unlucky; Ex. untoward encounter
ramp
slope; inclined plane or roadway (connecting two levels)
juncture
crisis; point in time; joining point; joint; act of joining
perspicuous
(of something) plainly expressed; easy to understand; Ex. perspicuous comments
devoid
empty; lacking
prefigure
be a sign of; foreshadow
indicative
suggestive; implying; serving to indicate
denigrate
blacken; defame
lexicon
dictionary
sober
serious; solemn; not drunken; abstemious or temperate; V: make or become sober
bode
foreshadow; portend
reparation
compensation (for loss or wrong); amends; Ex. make reparation for the damage; CF. repair
odious
arousing strong dislike; hateful(causing hatred); vile
maraud
move in search of plunder; Ex. marauding army
meager
scanty; inadequate
ceremonious
marked by formality; extremely formal and polite; CF. ceremony: conventional social courtesy
autonomous
self-governing; N. autonomy
vapid
lacking liveliness; dull and unimaginative; insipid and flavorless; Ex. vapid lecture
propitiate
appease; conciliate; make peaceful; ADJ. propitiatory
fledgling(fledgeling)
inexperienced; N: young bird that has acquired wing feathers and is learning to fly; inexperienced person
immaculate
spotless; flawless; absolutely clean
distinctive
clearly different from others of the same kind
transpose
reverse the order or position of
momentum
quantity of motion of a moving body; impetus; moving force
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exploit
brave and successful act; deed or action, particularly a brave deed; CF. crossing the Atlantic ocean
sibylline
prophetic; oracular; N. sibyl: woman prophet (in the ancient world)
serrated
having a sawtoothed edge; Ex. serrated leaf
cohere
stick together
wistful
sadly thoughtful (because of desires or memories); sadly pensive; vaguely longing
gamely
in a spirited manner; with courage; Ex. fight gamely against a superior boxer; ADJ. game
spurn
reject disdainfully; scorn; Ex. She spurned all offers of help.
conservatory(conservatoire)
school of the fine arts (especially music or drama); glass-enclosed area; CF. conservancy
malcontent
person dissatisfied with existing state of affairs; discontented person; ADJ: discontented
killjoy
grouch; spoilsport; one who intentionally spoils the pleasure of others
discourse
serious speech, writing, or conversation; formal discussion (either written or spoken); conversation; V.
bifurcated
divided into two branches; forked
lucrative
profitable; producing wealth
qualms
uneasy feelings; misgivings; uneasy fears especially about matters of conscience; Ex. I have no qualms about giving this assignment to Helen.
fusion
union; coalition; V. fuse
clarion
shrill, trumpetlike sound; kind of trumpet used in former times
traverse
go through or across
cherubic
angelic; innocent-looking; N. cherub; CF. seraph: winged angel of the highest order
parasite
animal or plant living on another; toady; sycophant; CF. para-: beside
decomposition
decay; V. decompose: decay; break and separate into simple parts
industrious
diligent; hard-working; N. industry
metallurgical
pertaining to the art of removing metals from ores; N. metallurgy: science that deals with extracting metals from ores
dutiful(duteous)
(of people or their behavior) respectful; obedient (filled with a sense of duty)
indices
signs; indications; Ex. indices of a student's potential; CF. index: something that reveals or indicates; sign; Ex. cost-of-living index
disband
dissolve; disperse; (of a group) break up and separate; Ex. The club has disbanded.
supposititious
assumed; counterfeit; hypothetical
despot
tyrant; harsh, authoritarian ruler; CF. despotism
topple
become unsteady and fall down
apprise
inform
tardy
slow; sluggish; not on time; late; Ex. tardy arrival
sheer
pure; thin and transparent; very steep
optician
maker and seller of eyeglasses
deposition
testimony under oath; deposing; dethroning
legend
explanatory list of symbols on a map
aseptic
preventing infection; having a cleansing effect
farce
broad comedy; mockery; humorous play full of silly things happening; ADJ. farcical
acrid
bitter (to the taste or smell); sharp; bitterly pungent
raconteur
story-teller; one who tells stories with wit and skill
reduce
diminish; bring to a weaker or more difficult condition; demote; lower in rank; separate into components by analysis; Ex. reduced to the ranks; Ex. reduce the house to rubble; N. reduction
dart
move or throw suddenly and quickly
scholarly
full of learning; erudite; like a scholar; Ex. scholarly journal
cohesion
tendency to keep together
epoch
period of time
canard
unfounded false rumor; exaggerated false report
toss
throw lightly; move or lift (the head) with a sudden motion; flip (a coin) to decide something
phalanx
formation of infantry carrying overlapping shields and long spears; group of men packed together (for attack or defense)
bar
railing in a courtroom; legal profession; vertical line dividing a staff into equal measures; Ex. prisoner at the bar; V: shut in or out with bars; forbid; exclude; CF. barrister
lineaments
features especially of the face; distinctive shape or contour of the face; CF. line
validate
make valid; confirm; ratify
compelling
overpowering; irresistible in effect; holding one's attention; that compels one to do something; Ex. a compelling adventure story; V. compel
choreography
art of representing dances in written symbols; arrangement of dances
furor
frenzy; great anger and excitement; CF. fury
obituary
death notice (esp. in a newspaper); ADJ.
dialectical
relating to the art of debate; mutual or reciprocal; Ex. dialectical situation; N. dialectic: art of arriving at the truth by the exchange of logical arguments
oratorio
dramatic poem set to music; long musical work with singing but without acting; CF. cantata
sloth
slow moving tree-dwelling mammal; laziness; ADJ. slothful: lazy; indolent
simian
monkeylike; N: ape or monkey
inter
bury; N. interment
supersede
replace; cause to be set aside; make obsolete; N. supersession
coroner
public official who investigates any death thought to be of other than natural causes
perspicuity
clearness of expression; freedom from ambiguity
succulent
juicy; full of juice or sap; full of richness; N: succulent plant such as a cactus
ransack
search thoroughly; pillage (going through a place); Ex. Enemy soldiers ransacked the town.
dorsal
relating to the back of an animal; Ex. dorsal fin
protean
able to take on many forms; versatile; CF. Proteus: sea god to change his shape at will
conscientious
scrupulous; through and careful; Ex. conscientious worker
gape
open widely; open the mouth wide; stare wonderingly with the mouth open; CF. agape
perverse
purposely continuing to do something wrong; stubbornly wrongheaded; perverted; directed away from what is right; wicked and unacceptable; Ex. perverse satisfaction; Ex. Hannibal Lecter in a perverse mood; N. perversity
nexus
connection
mercantile
concerning trade or merchants
inestimable
impossible to estimate; (apprec) invaluable; of immeasurable worth
quixotic
idealistic but impractical; CF. Don Quixote
antipathy
aversion; dislike or opposition
chaste
morally pure; virginal; abstaining from illicit sexual acts; modest; simple (of a style of writing); not highly decorated; austere
incident
event; event that causes a crisis
distraught
upset; distracted by anxiety; very anxious and troubled almost to the point of madness; Ex. distraught with grief/worry
recreant
disloyal; cowardly; N: disloyal and cowardly person
disport
amuse; Ex. disport oneself; CF. divert
proxy
authorized agent; authority to act for another
leave-taking
farewell or departure
tender
offer formally; extend; Ex. tender one's resignation/the exact fare; N: formal offer; money; Ex. legal tender; ADJ: young and vulnerable; sensitive to the touch; sore; soft; delicate; Ex. child of tender years; Ex. tender wound
brunt
main impact or shock (of an attack or blow); Ex. brunt of the argument
junta
group of persons joined in political intrigue; cabal; group of military officers ruling a country after seizing power (by force)
materialism
preoccupation with physical comforts and things; excessive regard for worldly concerns (rather than spiritual matters)
analgesic
causing insensitivity to pain; N.
jurisprudence
science of law
dossier
file of documents on a subject or person; file; CF. bundle of papers labeled on the back
transparent
permitting light to pass through freely; easily detected; obvious; clear; Ex. transparent lie
virulent
(of a disease or poison) extremely harmful or poisonous; (of a feeling) hostile; bitter; N. virulence; CF. virus; CF. venom
bluster
blow in heavy gusts; threaten emptily; bully; speak in a noisy or bullying manner; CF. breeze, gust, gale
capacious
spacious
conspiracy
treacherous plot; secret plan against the law (by two or more people)
lectern
reading desk or stand for a public speaker
aria
operatic solo; a song sung by one person in an opera or oratorio
unique
without an equal; single in kind
posterity
descendants; future generations; Ex. go down to posterity; CF. posterior, anterior
pacifist
one opposed to force; antimilitarist; ADJ. N. pacifism: opposition to war as a means of resolving disputes
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insatiable
not easily satisfied; unquenchable; Ex. insatiable appetite
exhilarating
invigorating and refreshing; cheering; V. exhilarate: make cheerful and excited; Ex. exhilarated by the ride in the sports car
bohemian
unconventional (in an artistic way)
ignoble
unworthy; not noble; dishonorable; Ex. ignoble deed
career
rush wildly; go at full speed
zeal
eager enthusiasm (to a cause or ideal); ADJ. zealous
miscellany
mixture of writings on various subjects; collection of various items
acquittal
deliverance from a charge; V. acquit: free from a charge or accusation; discharge from a duty; conduct (oneself) in a specified manner
evocative
tending to call up (emotions, memories)
titter
nervous giggle; nervous laugh; V.
glut
overstock; fill beyond capacity (with food); fill to excess; N: oversupply
devious
roundabout; erratic; deviating from the straight course; not straightforward; not completely honest; Ex. devious route
imperturbable
unshakably calm; placid
husbandry
frugality; thrift; economy; agriculture; farming; Ex. animal husbandry; CF. husbandman
ingrate
ungrateful person (not expressing thanks)
comport
bear one's self; behave; Ex. comport oneself; N. comportment
reprobation
severe disapproval; CF. approbation
arch-
chief; first; Ex. archbishop
incendiary
arsonist; ADJ: causing fire; of arson; Ex. incendiary bomb
glossary
brief explanation of words used in the text
helm
steering wheel of a ship; position of control
pretext
excuse
solvent
able to pay all depths; N. solvency
nauseous
causing nausea; feeling nausea
valor
bravery; ADJ. valiant: possessing valor; brave
impasse
predicament(dangerous condition) from which there is no escape; situation allowing for no further progress
foreboding
premonition of evil; feeling of coming evil; V. forebode: be a warning of (something unpleasant)
copious
plentiful
overturn
turn over; capsize; topple
fawning
courting favor by cringing and flattering; V. fawn: exhibit affection as a dog; seek favor or attention by obsequiousness
allegory
story, play, or picture in which characters are used as symbols; fable
retain
keep; maintain possession of; employ (esp. a lawyer or advisor); N. retainer: servant; fee paid to retain an advisor
mimicry
imitation
extrinsic
external; not essential or inherent; extraneous; OP. intrinsic
duration
length of time something lasts
truism
self-evident truth
absolve
pardon (an offense)
arsenal
storage place for military equipment
centrifugal
radiating; departing from the center
alms
money or goods given to the poor
shrew
scolding woman; very small mouselike animal
sordid
filthy; foul; base; vile; Ex. sordid bed/story
franchise
right or privilege granted by authority; right to vote; license to sell a product in a particular territory
enhance
increase; make greater (as in value, reputation, or usefulness); improve
anesthetic
substance that removes sensation with or without loss of consciousness; N. anesthesia
decadence
decay; fall to a lower level (of morality, civilization, or art); ADJ. decadent
ejaculation
exclamation; abrupt ejection (to discharge sperm); V. ejaculate
terse
concise; abrupt; pithy
vintner
wine merchant; winemaker; seller of wine
labyrinth
maze
detain
keep waiting; prevent from leaving or going; N. detention
self-indulgence
excessive indulgence of one's own desire
philology
study of language or words
recapitulate
summarize
odorous
having an odor
rustle
make slight sounds like silk moving or being rubbed together
licentious
amoral; lewd and lascivious; unrestrained
physiognomy
face (as showing the character and the mind); art of judging human character from facial features
awful
terrible; very bad
ravenous
extremely hungry; voracious
earmark
set aside (money or time) for a particular purpose
unaccountable
unexplicable; impossible to account for; unreasonable or mysterious
behoove(behove)
be suited to; be incumbent upon; be right and necessary; Ex. It behooves one to do.
badger
pester; annoy continually with demands; persuade by asking again and again; Ex. The children badgered me into taking them into the cinema; N: a kind of mountain animal
rumble
make or move with a deep rolling sound (as thunder or stomach)
sojourn
temporary stay; V: stay for a time
myopic
nearsighted; lacking foresight; N. myopia
tortuous
winding; full of curves; Ex. tortuous mountain road
cross
bad-tempered; showing ill-humor; angry
murmur
low, indistinct, continuous sound; V. CF. mumble
fret
be annoyed or vexed; Ex. fret over your poor grades; N: irritation of mind; ADJ. fretful
gaffe
social blunder
divest
strip (as of clothes); deprive (as of rights); dispossess; N. divestiture(divestment)
beatitude
blessedness; state of great happiness
sinecure
well-paid position with little responsibility; CF. sine cure: without care; CF. San Serif
squat
short and thick; stocky; Ex. ugly squat tower; V. N.
unintimating
unfrightening
provocative
arousing anger or sexual interest; annoying; Ex. provocative in tight jeans; V. provoke: incite to anger; cause (an unpleasant action or feeling); N. provocation
discomfit
frustrate; put to rout; defeat; disconcert; embarrass; perturb
tarry
linger; delay in starting or going; dawdle
prosperous
successful; rich; affluent; well-to-do; well-off
apotheosis
elevation to godhood; an ideal example of something
pinnace
small boat
transition
going from one state of action to another
maudlin
effusively sentimental
chameleon
lizard that changes color in different situations
aspersion
slanderous remark; Ex. cast aspersions on
ape
imitate or mimic (a person's behavior or manner)
render
give; deliver; provide; represent in verbal or artistic form; depict; perform; make; translate; Ex. render the song beautifully
galley
low ship with sails (rowed along by slaves)
curb
chain or strap used with a bit to restrain a horse; something that checks; V: check; restrain
buffet
strike forcefully; slap; batter; knock out; N: table with food set out for people to server themselves; meal at which people help themselves to food that's been set
seemly
(of behavior) proper; appropriate
decrepitude
state of collapse or weakness caused by illness or old age
protuberance
protrusion; swelling; bulge
benefit
advantage; anything that brings helpl, advantage, or profit; money provided by the government to the people; fund-raising public entertainment; Ex. unemployment benefit; V: receive benefits; be beneficial to; give benefits
memorialize
commemorate
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condign
adequate; (of punishment) severe and well deserved
oscillate
vibrate pendulumlike; waver
theoretical
based on theory; not practical or applied; hypothetical
pundit
authority on a subject; expert; learned person
stereotype
one regarded as embodying a set image or type; fixed and unvarying representation; standardized mental picture often reflecting prejudice; Ex. stereotype of the happy slave; V: make a stereotype of; represent by a stereotype; Ex. It is wrong to stereotype people; Ex. stereotyped answer
brawny
muscular; having well-developed muscles
surfeit
satiate; feed or supply to excess; stuff; indulge to excess in anything; N: surfeiting; excessive amount; Ex. surfeit of food
hazard
venture; put in danger; risk; Ex. hazard a guess; N: possible source of danger
eloquence
expressiveness; persuasive speech; ADJ. eloquent: movingly expressive; expressing ideas well so that the hearers can be influeneced
fanciful
whimsical; visionary; imaginary; produced by imagination; Ex. fanciful scheme
factious
inclined to form factions; causing dissension
chassis
framework and working parts of an automobile; framework to which components are attached
inopportune
untimely; inappropriate or ill-timed; poorly chosen
alcove
nook; recess
vendetta
blood feud (esp. between two families); CF. Nina Williams
nemesis
someone seeking revenge; source of downfall or ruin; CF. Nemesis
accrue
come to one as a gain; accumulate over time; come about by addition; Ex. benefits that accrue from scientific research; Ex. interest accruing in a bank account; N. accrual
undertaker
funeral director; one whose business is to arrange burials
complementary
serving to complete something
jingoist
extremely aggressive and militant patriot; warlike chauvinist; N. jingoism: extreme nationalism
aquiline
curved; hooked; of or like an eagle; Ex. aquiline nose
lofty
very high
mordant
biting; sarcastic; stinging; (apprec.) incisive; cutting; Ex. mordant pen/wit
bombast
grandiloquent, pompous speech
shift
change position or place; exchange (one thing) for another; change in direction or position; Ex. shift the stolen goods; N. group of workers which takes turns with other groups; working period of such a group
deft
neat; skillful
homily
sermon; tedious moralizing lecture; serious warning; ADJ. homiletic
rankle
irritate; fester; annoy
mingle
mix together in close association
indeterminate
uncertain; not clearly fixed; indefinite
rotundity
roundness; sonorousness of speech
enumerate
list; mention one by one
congenial
pleasant; friendly; in agreement with one's tastes and nature; Ex. congenial weather
gist
essence; main point; substance
privation
lack of the basic necessities or comforts of life; hardship; want; CF. deprive
cataclysm
deluge; upheaval; earthquake; violent and sudden event or change
toxic
poisonous; N. toxicity
mutter
utter (complaining words) indistinctly in low tones
abjure
renounce upon oath
extradition
surrender of prisoner by one state to another; Ex. extradition treaty; V. extradite
quirk
sudden sharp turn or twist; startling twist; caprice; idiosyncrasy; peculiarity of behavior; Ex. by a quirk of fate
aspire
seek to attain (position or status); long for; Ex. aspire to become president; Ex. aspire to/after the leadership
stratagem
deceptive scheme; clever trick
arrogance
pride; haughtiness; ADJ. arrogant: unpleasantly self-important (with a strong confidence in one's own importance and a lack of respect for other people)
commune
small (often rural) community whose members share work and income; V: exchange thoughts or feelings; Ex. commune with nature
forestall
prevent by taking action in advance
inundate
flood; overflow; submerge; cover completely; Ex. inundated with work
fussy
fastidious; finicky; easily upset
estranged
separated; alienated; V. estrange: alienate (people in a family); N. estrangement
jetsam
things thrown from a ship (to lighten the ship)
bequeath
leave to someone by means of a will; hand down in his will; N. bequest
dauntless
bold; fearless
lien
legal claim or right on a property
congruent
in agreement; harmonious; corresponding; coinciding exactly; CF. congruous
expound
explain
obtuse
blunt; not sharp; stupid; slow in understanding
detrimental
harmful; damaging; N. detriment
mangy
shabby; wretched; suffering from mange; of bad appearance
putrefy
make or become putrid; N. putrefaction
hideous
repulsive to the sight; ugly; repugnant; Ex. hideous face/scream
abate
subside or moderate
annul
make void
egotism
tendency to speak or write of oneself excessively; conceit; self-importance
skeptic
sceptic; doubter; person who suspends judgment until he has examined the evidence supporting a point of view; ADJ. skeptical; N. skepticism; scepticism
audacious
daring; bold; N. audacity
compost
mixture of decaying organic matter used as fertilizer; V: put or make compost
heresy
opinion contrary to popular belief; opinion contrary to accepted religion; ADJ. heretical; CF. heretic
high-flown
highly pretentious or inflated
maniacal
raging mad; insane; N. maniac: insane person; CF. mania: disorder of the mind; intense enthusiasm
whorl
ring of leaves around stem; ring; circular arrangement; Ex. whorls on the fingers
petulant
touchy; peevish; ill-tempered
decimate
kill (usually one out of ten or every tenth man); destroy or kill a large part of
resolve
decide; settle; solve; separate; make a determined decision; N. resolution
brave
face courageously; Ex. brave the storm
viscous
(of a liquid) thick and sticky; gluey; viscid; CF. consistency
grovel
crawl or creep on ground; remain prostrate; behave in a servile manner
compliance
conformity in fulfilling requirements; readiness to yield; disposition to yield to others; V. comply
invalid
one incapacitated(disabled) by a chronic illness; ADJ: incapacitated by illness; not valid; null; V: allow to leave (a military force) because of ill-health
spurious
false; counterfeit; forged; illogical; Ex. spurious arguments
lechery
gross lewdness; lustfulness; ADJ. lecherous; N. lecher: lecherous man
entomology
study of insects
molt(moult)
periodically shed or cast off hairs or feathers (for replacement by a new growth)
expatiate
talk at length; speak or write in detail
tribute
tax levied by a ruler; payment made by one nation to another in acknowledgment of submission; mark of respect (such as praise or gift); Ex. pay tribute to
askance
with a sideways or indirect look (with disapproval or distruct); Ex. look askance at
dour
sullen; gloomy; stubborn
prate
talk idly; speak foolishly; boast idly
cardinal
chief; most important; N: priest; cardinal number: number that shows quantity rather thatn order
pastry
paste of flour and water (eaten when baked)
betroth
become engaged to marry
valediction
saying farewell; expression of leave-taking
hygiene
science and practice of the promotion and preservation of health; ADJ. hygienic: showing careful attention to cleanness (to prevent disease); Ex. hygienic condition
elaboration
addition of details; intricacy
homeostasis
tendency of a system or organism to maintain relative stability or internal equilibrium; CF. homeo-: constant; Ex. homeotherm
hostage
person who is kept as a prisoner by an enemy so that the other side will do what the enemy demands
resentment
indignation; bitterness; displeasure; V. resent: feel anger about
palimpsest
parchment or piece of writing material used for second time after original writing has been erased
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vaporize
turn into vapor (steam, gas, fog, etc.)
lackadaisical
lacking interest or effort; lacking purpose or zest; lazy; halfhearted; languid
casualty
serious or fatal accident; person killed or wounded in an accident or battle
bulk
size or volume (esp. when very large); main part; Ex. The bulk of the work has already been done; ADJ. bulky: having great size
rectitude
moral correctness; moral uprightness; moral virtue; correctness of judgment
vainglorious
boastful; excessively conceited; N. vainglory: great vanity
filing
particle removed by a file
inveigh
denounce; utter censure or invective; Ex. inveigh against the evils of drink
pathetic
causing sadness, compassion, pity; touching
agnostic
one who is skeptical of the existence or knowability of a god or any ultimate reality
supererogatory
superfluous; more than needed or demanded
engross
occupy fully; absorb
orgy
wild drunken revelry; unrestrained indulgence in an activity; Ex. orgy of shopping
feral
(of an animal) not domestic; wild
hilarity
boisterous mirth(merriment; laughter); ADJ. hilarious: full of laughter
incandescent
strikingly bright; shining with intense heat; emitting visible light when heated; Ex. incandescent light bulb; CF. candle
forebears(forbears)
ancestors
disenfranchise
disfranchise; deprive of a civil right; OP. enfranchise
slink
move furtively; ADJ. slinky: stealthy; furtive; sneaky (as in ambush)
besmirch
soil; defile; make dirty
brood
sit on in order to hatch; think deeply or worry anxiously; N: the young of certain animals; group of young birds hatched at one time
beholden
obligated; indebted; owing thanks; obliged or indebted from gratitude
flay
strip off skin; plunder; remove the skin from; criticize harshly
sophomoric
immature; half-baked; like a sophomore
exculpate
clear from blame or guilt
perturb
disturb greatly
variegated
(esp. of a flower or leaf) many-colored
excerpt
selected passage (written or musical) taken from a longer work; V.
insolvent
bankrupt; lacking money to pay; N. insolvency
parley
conference (between opponents); CF. speak
compendium
brief, comprehensive summary; ADJ. compendious
gusty
windy
benison
blessing
don
put on; OP. doff
chaffing
bantering; joking
hive
box for bees; V: cause to go in a hive
catapult
slingshot; hurling machine; V: fire from catapult
aspirant
seeker after position or status
magistrate
official with power to administer the law
finite
limited
supplicant
one who supplicates; ADJ.
scrappy
quarrelsome
intelligentsia
intellectuals; members of the educated elite (often used derogatorily)
crochet
make (a piece of needlework) by looping thread with a hooked needle; N. CF. crotchet
epitome
perfect example or embodiment; brief summary; Ex. epitome of good manners; V. epitomize: make an epitome of; be an epitome of; embody
vagrant
wandering from place to place; roving; stray; moving in a random fashion; Ex. vagrant thoughts; N. vagrancy
falter
hesitate; weaken in purpose or action; walk or move unsteadily through weakness; N.
florid
ruddy; (of a complexion) reddish; flowery; very ornate; CF. rose
philatelist
stamp-collector; N. philately: stamp collecting
grotesque
fantastic; comically hideous; strange and unnatural (causing fear or amusement)
avalanche
great mass of falling snow and ice
accessible
easy to approach; obtainable
inane
silly; senseless; Ex. inane remarks; N. inanity
orientation
act of finding oneself in society; orienting
acidulous
slightly sour (in taste or manner); sharp; caustic
crabbed
sour; bad-tempered; peevish; difficult to read as handwriting
lagoon
shallow body of water or lake near a sea; lake separated from a sea by sandbars or coral reefs
unprepossessing
unattractive
airy
of air; high in the air; lofty; immaterial; unreal
acuity
sharpness (of mind or senses of sight or hearing)
integrate
make whole; combine; make into one unit
dispatch
speediness; prompt execution; message sent with all due speed; V: send to a specified destination; finish promptly; kill
knead
mix; work dough; mix and work into a uniform mass (with the hands); Ex. knead dough
spry
(esp. of older people) vigorously active; nimble
addiction
compulsive habitual need
bizarre
fantastic; violently contrasting; noticeably odd; strikingly unconventional
humane
marked by kindness or consideration; kind and compassionate; humanitarian
sycophant
servile flatterer; bootlicker; yes man; ADJ. sycophantic
swear-word
word considered offensive; Ex. ``bloody''
sedate
composed (with no excitement); grave; V: administer a sedative to; CF. sedative
abet
assist usually in doing something wrong; encourage
monograph
scholarly article
preternatural
beyond what is normal in nature; supernatural; Ex. preternatural strength/forces
jurisdiction
right and power to apply the law; authority
despoil
plunder; sack; Ex. despoil the village
voluminous
having great volume (as of a garment or container); bulky; large
dapper
neat and trim (in appearance); (of small men) neat in appearance and quick in movements; neat; spry
sleigh
large vehicle drawn by a horse over snow or ice
sullen
silently showing ill humor or resentment; dark; gloomy
anathema
solemn curse; someone or something regarded as a curse; V. anathematize
destitute
extremely poor; lacking means of subsistence; utterly lacking; devoid; Ex. destitute of any experience
dismantle
take apart; disassemble
imperative
absolutely necessary; that must be done; critically important; expressing command; Ex. It is imperative that; N: something that must be done
disclaim
disown; renounce claim to; deny; CF. disclaimer
indoctrinate
cause to accept a doctrine without questioning it; Ex. indoctrinated with mindless anti-communism
indigence
poverty
interstice
narrow space between things
abode
dwelling place; home
avuncular
of or like an uncle
matin\'ee(matinee)
dramatic or musical performance given in the afternoon
welt
raised mark from a beating or whipping
strangle
kill by choking or suffocating; suppress
flotsam
drifting wreckage
eclipse
darken; extinguish; outshine; surpass; cause an eclipse
putative
supposed; reputed; generally regarded as such; Ex. putative father of the child
gerrymander
change voting district lines in order to favor a political party; N. CF. Elbridge Gerry + (sala)mander
implicate
incriminate; involve incriminatingly; show to be involved (in a crime); Ex. implicate someone in the crime
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oblivion
obscurity; condition of being completely forgotten; forgetfulness
incompatible
inharmonious; N. incompatibility
assent
agree; accept; N. assessment
momentous
very important; N. moment; CF. momentary
seminal
related to seed or semen; germinal; creative; providing a basis for further development; influencing future developments; Ex. seminal research in a new field
histrionic
theatrical; excessively dramatic or emotional; affected; of actors or acting; N. histrionics: histrionic behavior
stockade
wooden enclosure or pen; fixed line of posts used as defensive barrier
stem
stop or check (the flow of); Ex. stem the bleeding from the slashed artery; N: main axis of a plant; stalk
vagary
capricious happening; caprice; whim; CF. wander
inculcate
teach (ideas or principles); instill
countermand
cancel; revoke (an order)
insularity
narrow-mindedness; isolation; ADJ. insular: of an island; isolated; narrow-minded; CF. peninsula
discriminating
able to see differences; discerning; prejudiced; N. discrimination
vouchsafe
grant condescendingly; guarantee; Ex. vouchsafe your fair return on your investment
rubble
fragments (esp. from a destroyed building)
abeyance
suspended action
sate
satisfy to the full; satisfy to excess; cloy
asymmetric
not identical on both sides of a dividing central line
rote
repetition; memorization through repetition without understanding; Ex. learn poetry by rote
immolate
offer or kill as a sacrifice (by fire)
malignant
tending to cause death; highly injurious; aggressively malevolent; Ex. malignant tumor
dysentery
inflammatory disorder of the lower intestinal tract
fray
brawl; fight; V: wear away or unravel by rubbing; have loose threads developing; cause to become worn out (a person's temper or nerves); CF. rub
agglomeration
collection; heap; V. agglomerate: gather into a rounded mass; N. aggolmeate: jumbled mass; heap
phylum
major classification, second to kingdom, of plants and animals; category ranking below a kingdom and above a class; division
hiatus
gap; pause; gap or interruption in space or time; break
irrevocable
unalterable; irreversible; impossible to revoke
contrivance
something contrived; machine or apparatus; clever deceitful plan; scheme
apostate
one who abandons his religious faith or political beliefs; N. apostasy
ratify
approve formally; confirm; verify
loft
room or space under the roof; attic
defray
provide for the payment of; undertake the payment of; pay
discerning
mentally quick and observant; having insight; perceptive; able to make good judgments; V. discern: perceive
chagrin
annoyance and disappointment; vexation (caused by humiliation or injured pride)
magisterial
authoritative; imperious; commanding; of a magistrate; Ex. magisterial study of Roman law; Ex. magisterial manner
warp
twist out of shape; N.
phenomena
observable facts; subjects of scientific investigation; SG. phenomenon: observable fact; very unusual person, thing, or event; marvel; wonder; CF. phenomenons; ADJ. phenomenal: very unusual; extraordinary; of a phenomenon; Ex. phenomenal strength
plaudit
praise; enthusiastic approval; round(succession or series) of applause; ADJ. plauditory; CF. applaud
litter
waste material thrown away (as bits of paper scattered untidily); V: cover untidily with scattered litter
advent
arrival
tenacious
holding fast (as to a belief); persistent
touchstone
stone used to test the fineness of gold alloys; criterion; standard
resound
(of a place) be filled with sound; (of a sound) sound loudly; sound back; echo; Ex. hall resounded with laughter
aperture
opening; hole; adjustable opening in a camera that limits the amount of light
coalition
partnership; league; union of separate political parties
defame
harm someone's reputation; malign; speak evil of; slander; N. defamation; ADJ. defamatory
nutrition
process of nourishing or being nourished; CF. malnutrition
sustenance
sustaining; means of livelihood, support, food, nourishment; something that maintains life; food
waive
give up temporarily; yield; N. waiver: waiving a right or claim; document that waives a right or claim
facilitate
help bring about; make less difficult
glean
gather leavings; gather grain left behind by reapers; gather bit by bit (facts or information) often with difficulty
novelty
something new; newness; ADJ. novel: new; original
avenge
take vengence for something or on behalf of someone; Ex. They avenged his death by burning the village; Ex. He swore to avenge his brother; Ex. They avenged themselves on their enemy.
emanate
issue forth; come out
shrivel
make or become shrunken and wrinkled (often by drying)
swell
long wave of water that moves continuously without breaking; V.
misconduct
immoral behavior; bad management; V.
fell
cruel; (of a disease) deadly
swear
vow; promise; use profane oaths; use offensive words
immune
resistant to; free or exempt from; N. immunity
decry
express strong disapproval of; condemn openly (something dangerous to the public); disparage; Ex. decry the violence of modern films
nomenclature
terminology(system of specialized words); system of names or naming things
bait
harass; tease; torment; Ex. badger baiting; N: food or other lure used to catch fish or trap animals
exposure
risk, particularly of being exposed to disease or to the elements; unmasking; act of laying something open; Ex. exposure of governmental corruption
ruminant
animal that ruminates; ADJ.
scorch
sear; N.
stock
standard; kept regularly in stock or supply; typical; routine; common; Ex. stock sizes of paper; Ex. stock excuse/character; N: goods for sale in a shop; OP. unique
imperceptible
unnoticeable; impossible to perceive; undetectable
collusion
conspiring in a fraudulent scheme to cheat or deceive others; V. collude
depravity
extreme corruption; wickedness; V. deprave
quorum
minimal number of members necessary to conduct a meeting
allude
refer indirectly; N. allusion: indirect reference
pendulous
hanging; suspended
pith
core or marrow; spongelike substance in the center of stems; essence; substance
psychosomatic
of the influence of the mind on the body (esp. with respect to disease)
nominal
in name only; of a name; trifling; (of a sum of money) very small; CF. nominate: propose as a candidate; appoint
soar
rise or fly high in the air; Ex. The rocket soared into the sky.
marred
damaged; disfigured; V. mar: spoil; disfigure
etymology
study of word parts; study of the origins of words
reprise
musical repetition; repeating of a piece of music; repeat performance; recurrent action; Ex. reprise in the finale; Ex. constant reprises
mammal
vertebrate animal whose female suckles its young
allure
entice; attract; tempt
fracas
brawl(noisy quarrel or fight) in which a number of people take part; melee
embitter
make bitter; fill with painful or bitter feelings; make sad and angry; Ex. He was embittered by many disappointments.
saunter
stroll(go for a leisurely walk) slowly; N.
determinate
having a fixed order of procedure; precisely defined; invariable; fixed; conclusive; final
alimentary
supplying nourishment
adore
love deeply and respect highly
condiments
seasonings; spices
forlorn
sad and lonely; wretched; desolate
certitude
certainty
outcast
one that has been excluded from a society; ADJ.
nether
lower; Ex. nether garments/regions
comity
courtesy; civility; Ex. comity of nations
bout
match; short period of great activity; Ex. wrestling bout; bout of drinking/flu
fell
cut or knock down (a tree or a person); bring down (with a missile)
barefaced
shameless and noticeable; blatant; bold; unconcealed; having no covering on the face; Ex. barefaced lie
h 9
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demented
insane
subsume
include (as a member of a group); encompass
shun
keep away from; avoid deliberately; Ex. She has been shunned by her neighbors.
unimpeachable
that cannot be impeached; beyond doubt or question; blameless and exemplary
retard
delay (in development); ADJ. retarded: (as of a child) slower in development
toga
Roman outer robe
decree
authoritative order; edict; judgment of a court of law; V: order or judge by decree
conversant
familiar with; having knowledge of
douse
plunge into water or liquid; dip; immerse; drench; wet throughly; extinguish; throw water over; dowse
brooch
ornamental clasp; pin
indict
charge; N. indictment
gossamer
sheer; very light; like cobwebs; N: soft and sheer fabric; cobweb
pyromaniac
person with an insane desire to set things on fire
husband
use sparingly; conserve; save; Ex. husband one's energy; CF. house holder
ovoid
egg-shaped; CF. ovum; CF. ovulate
desecrate
profane; violate the sanctity of
relinquish
give up something (with reluctance); yield; release; Ex. relinquish power/the claim to the land/his hold on my arm
pervasive
spread throughout; V. pervade: (of smells, ideas, feelings) spread throughout; charge; permeate
ineffable
unutterable; not to be uttered; taboo; that cannot be expressed in speech; indescribable; unspeakable; inexpressible; Ex. ineffable name/joy
abstract
theoretical; not concrete; nonrepresentational
disproportion
lack of proportion (between the parts); ADJ. disproportionate
crevice
crack; fissure
extenuate
weaken; mitigate; lessen the seriousness of (bad behavior)
apathy
lack of caring; indifference; lack of concern or interest in important matters; Ex. He was sunk in apathy after his failure; ADJ. apathetic
secrete
conceal; hide away or cache; produce and release a substance into an organism; CF. secretive
meteoric
like a meteor; swift; momentarily brilliant; Ex. meteoric rise to fame; N. meteor
vertex
summit; highest point; PL. vertices
raspy
making a harsh noise; grating; harsh
authoritative
having the weight of authority; regarded as providing knowledge that can be trusted; reliable; peremptory and dictatorial; Ex. authoritative dictionary/manner; CF. definitive
tatter
torn piece of cloth; ADJ. tattered: (of clothes) old and torn; (of a person) dressed in old torn clothes
discordant
not harmonious; conflicting
recidivism
habitual return to crime (even after being punished); N. recidivist
commonplace
ordinary; N: something ordinary or common; trite remark
pandemic
widespread; affecting the majority of people; N: pandemic disease; CF. all people
prodigious
enormous; marvelous; extraordinary; Ex. prodigious amount/memory
glib
fluent (with insincerity or superficiality); facile; slick
effusion
pouring forth; unrestrained outpouring of feeling; V. effuse: pour out; ADJ. effusive: pouring forth; gushing
imprecation
curse; swearword
replicate
reproduce; duplicate
hibernal
wintry; wintery; of or like winter
unsullied
untarnished; CF. sully
figure
written symbols; number; amount represented in numbers; outline or silhouette of a thing or human body; person (well-known); impression; diagram; pattern; group in a dance; Ex. figure of speech; V. calculate with numbers; adorn with figures; appear; consider; Ex. My name did not figure in the list.
goad
urge on; drive with a goad; cause (someone) to do something by continued annoyance; Ex. They goaded him into doing it by saying he was a coward; N: sharp-pointed stick for driving cattle; stimulus; CF. annoy continually
sow
plant or scatter seed
requite
make return for; repay; reciprocate; revenge; N. requittal
flicker
burn unsteadily or fitfully; move waveringly; N: flickering movement or light; brief sensation; Ex. flicker of excitement
reciprocal
mutual; given and received in return; exchangeable; interacting; Ex. reciprocal trade agreement
laud
praise; N. ADJ. laudable: praiseworthy; ADJ. laudatory: expressing praise
expunge
cancel; remove a word or name (from a book or list); erase
notch
V-shaped cut in a surface; V.
translucent
partly transparent
repellent
driving away; disgusting; offensive; repulsive; unattractive; N.
institution
instituting; (building for the) organization; established custom, practice, or relationship in a society; mental hospital; Ex. institution of marriage
obstinate
stubborn; hard to control or treat; Ex. obstinate cough; N. obstinacy
riveting
holding one's attention; absorbing; engrossing
formality
ceremonious quality; ceremonious adherence to rules; something done just for form's sake; Ex. mere formality
hinterlands
back country; inner part of a country; OP. foreland
satyr
half-human, half-bestial being in the court of Dionysus (resembling a goat), portrayed as wanton(unrestrained) and cunning; lecher; CF. faun; CF. goat: lecherous man
throttle
strangle; regulate the speed of with a throttle; N: valve that regulates the flow; CF. throat ?
faction
party; clique (within a large group); dissension
pinion
restrain or immobilize by binding the wings or legs; N: bird's wing
filch
steal (things of small value)
sportive
playful; frolicsome; merry; CF. sport: play or frolic; CF. sportsmanlike
spontaneity
lack of premeditation; naturalness; freedom from constraint; ADJ. spontaneous: self-generated; unpremeditated; happening without being planned
concede
admit; acknowledge as being true (often reluctantly); yield; grant; Ex. concede a goal
galleon
large three-masted sailing ship
dissemble
disguise; hide the real nature of; pretend
missive
letter; written statement; CF. sent
temporize
gain time as by postponing an action; avoid committing oneself
veracity
truthfulness; adherence to the truth
valedictory
pertaining to farewell; N: farewell address (esp. at graduation exercises)
tithe
tax of one-tenth (contributed to a church); V: pay a tithe
lexicographer
compiler of a dictionary; CF. lexicography: work of compiling a dictionary
plumage
feathers of a bird;
molecule
the smallest particle (one or more atoms) of a substance that has all the properties of that substance
turmoil
extreme confusion; great commotion and confusion; Ex. throw the country into turmoil
endue
provide with some quality; endow
parsimony
stinginess; excessive frugality; ADJ. parsimonious
gouge
tear out; cut out (as if with a gouge); Ex. gouge his eyes out; N: chisel for cutting out hollow areas in wood
homely
not good-looking; unattractive
trajectory
path taken by a projectile; Ex. trajectory of a bullet
gallows
framework from which a noose is suspended (used for execution by hanging)
censorious
severely critical
aggregate
sum; total; ADJ. V: gather into a mass or whole; accumulate; add up to; Ex. aggregate 100 dollars
gnarled
twisted
beeline
direct quick route
baroque
highly ornate
anecdote
short story of an amusing or interesting event
serendipity
gift for finding valuable things by accident; accidental good fortune or luck; CF. The Three Princes of Serendip
lackluster
lacking luster(shine; gloss); dull
flag
droop; grow feeble; decline in vigor or strength; ADJ. flagging; CF. unflagging
egoism
excessive interest in one's self; belief that one should be interested in one's self rather than in others; selfishness; ADJ. egoistic, egoistical
gazette
official periodical publication; newspaper
scurvy
contemptible; despicable; N: disease caused by deficiency of Vitamin C
stringent
(of rules) binding; rigid; marked by scarcity of money; Ex. stringent economic conditions
unwitting
not knowing; unaware; unintentional; Ex. She was their unwitting accomplice; Ex. unwitting insult; CF. wit: know
patois
local or provincial dialect
h 10
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exact
demand and obtain by force; Ex. exact a promise from him; N. exaction
emaciated
thin and wasted (from hunger or illness)
guileless
without deceit
centaur
mythical figure, half man and half horse
droop
bend or hang downward; become weakened; Ex. His shoulders drooped with tiredness; N.
finished
properly made and complete; Ex. finished product/performance
imbibe
drink in
dissertation
formal essay; treatise
discursive
(of a person or writing) digressing; rambling (without any clear plan)
dappled
spotted
servitude
slavery; compulsory labor imposed as a punishment
humor
indulge; comply with the wishes of; N. quality that makes something amusing; state of mind; mood; Ex. in a bad humor; Ex. out of humor
drudgery
hard unpleasant work; menial work
apex
tip; summit; climax; highest point
lancet
small surgical tool for making incisions
smart
intelligent; quick and energetic; fashionable; Ex. smart pace/restaurant; V: cause or feel a sharp pain; N: smarting pain
foul
very bad or disagreeable; very dirty; Ex. foul smell/flavor/temper/language/air/deed/weather/means; N. act against the rules; V. make or become foul; commit a foul
negate
cancel out; nullify; cause to have no effect; deny; N. negation
comestible
something fit to be eaten
plump
pleasantly fat; nicely rounded
interdict
prohibit; forbid; N.
urgent
compelling immediate action; pressing; persistent; importunate; Ex. urgent in his demands
isotope
varying from of an element
gusto
eager enjoyment; zest; enthusiasm
nihilist
one who considers traditional beliefs to be groundless and existence meaningless; absolute skeptic; revolutionary terrorist; CF. nihilism: belief that nothing has meaning or value; belief that destruction of existing political or social institutions is necessary for future improvement
obliterate
destroy completely; wipe out; Ex. obliterate the village
sleek
smooth and shining (as from good health); V.
relapse
return to a former state (esp. after improvement); N.
acetic
vinegary
frivolous
lacking in seriousness; flippant; self-indulgently carefree; unworthy of serious attention; relatively unimportant; trivial
anomaly
irregularity
insouciant
without concern or care; unconcerned; indifferent
commodious
spacious and comfortable
prize
pry; move with a lever; value highly; esteem; Ex. his most prized possession; N: something captured during war-time (esp. an enemy ship)
rapture
great joy and delight; ecstasy; ADJ. rapturous
grotto
small cavern
macerate
soften by soaking in liquid; waste away; Ex. macerate powdered wood to make paper
incite
arouse to action; goad; motivate; induce to exist; Ex. incite a riot/the crowd to rebellion
crass
very unrefined; grossly insensible; crude and undiscriminating; Ex. crass behavior
yore
time long past; Ex. in the days of yore
calorific
heat-producing; N. calorie
rake
immoral or dissolute person
invective
abuse
judicious
sound on judgment; wise
categorical
without exceptions; made without any doubt in mind; unqualified; absolute
chafe
warm by rubbing; make sore by rubbing; N.
captious
faultfinding; too critical
expropriate
take possession of (often for public use and without payment)
palm
conceal in the palm of the hand; palm off: pass off; Ex. palm off some bad oranges onto the lady/the painting as a real Renoir
intermediary
intermediate; acting as a mediator; N: mediator; go-between
implode
burst inward; CF. vaccum tube
credo
creed
malapropism
comic misuse of a word; CF. Mrs. Malaprop
pretension
pretentiousness; claim (without foundation); Ex. I make no pretensions to skill as an artist.
stint
set limits in amount or number; be thrifty; ADJ. stinting, unstinting; CF. stint:savings
lubricate
apply a lubricant to; N. lubricant: substance that reduces friction
advert
refer
comely
attractive; agreeable; having a pleasing appearance
ambivalence
the state of having contradictory or conflicting emotional attitudes or opinions
bereaved
deprived of (someone beloved through death)
glutton
someone who eats too much; ADJ. gluttonous: given to gluttony; greedy; CF. gluttony: habit of eating too much
lurk
stealthily lie in waiting; slink; exist unperceived
profound
deep; not superficial; complete; Ex. profound thinker/remark/silence/deafness; N. profundity
stipend
pay for services
mountebank
charlatan; boastful pretender
parchment
writing material made from the skin of a sheep or goat
cursory
casual; hastily done with little attention to detail
vilify
slander; speak evil of; N. vilification
doom
condemnation to a severe penalty; ruin; fate (esp. a tragic or ruinous one); V.
apposite
appropriate; fitting
hem
surround tightly so that movement is impossible; Ex. hem in; N.
venom
poison (of an animal); hatred; Ex. remarks full of venom; ADJ. venomous
retort
quick sharp reply; V.
saline
salty
plausible
conceivably true; having a show of truth but open to doubt; specious
gall
annoy; exasperate; chafe; N: skin sore caused by rubbing (as on the skin of a horse); exasperation
foster
rear; bring up (for a certain period only); encourage; promote the development of (feelings or ideas); Ex. help foster friendly relations; ADJ: giving parental care although not related by blood; Ex. foster parents
mortician
undertaker; CF. death
legerdemain
sleight(dexterity) of hand; CF. light of hand
obsessive
related to thinking about something constantly; of an obsession; preoccupying; N. obsession: compulsive preoccupation with a fixed idea; compulsive idea; V. obsess: preoccupy the mind of excessively
respiration
breathing; exhalation; ADJ. respiratory
charisma
divine gift; great popular charm or appeal; magnetism
empirical
based on experience
causal
implying a cause-and-effect relationship; N. causality
barterer
trader; V. barter: trade; exchange good for other goods rather than money
fundamental
basic; primary; essential
hostility
unfriendliness; hatred; enmity; ADJ. hostile
breed
produce young; rear; bring up; produce (an undesirable condition); N: kind or sort of animal or plant
gravity
seriousness; ADJ. grave
enact
make (a bill) into law
demur
object (because of doubts, scruples); raise an objection (showing qualms); hesitate; Ex. demur at the idea of working on Sunday
manumit
emancipate; free from slavery or bondage
omnipresent
universally present; ubiquitous
condole
express condolences; N. condolence: sympathy for someone who has experienced great sorrow
sour
having a sharp or acid taste; acid; tart; bad-tempered; V.
relic
surviving remnant (from an extinct culture); memento; keepsake; relics: corpse; Ex. ancient relics; Ex. relics of his travel; Ex. His relics are buried at X.
reckon
count; calculate; regard as; think; suppose
h 11
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hoax
trick which makes someone take action; practical joke; Ex. hoax mail; V.
disparage
belittle
sphinx-like
enigmatic; mysterious
base
contemptible; morally bad; inferior in value or quality; Ex. base motives/conduct; Ex. base metal such as iron
extant
(of something written or painted) still in existence
puny
tiny; weak; insignificant
epistemologist
philosopher who studies the nature of knowledge; N. epistemology
sprightly
lively
procurement
obtaining; V. procure: obtain by effort; obtain (a prostitute) for another
eugenic
pertaining to the improvement of race; N. eugenics: study of hereditary improvement of the human race
pedant
scholar who overemphasizes book learning, trivial details of learning, or technicalities
hamper
obstruct; prevent the free movement of; N: ½Ä·áÇ°À̳ª ÀǺ¹ µîÀ» ´ã´Â ¹Ù±¸´Ï
champion
support militantly; fight for; N: person who fights for or supports strongly (a principle, movement, person, etc.)
jargon
language used by special group; technical terminology; gibberish; nonsensical or incoherent talk
intuition
immediate insight; power of knowing without reasoning; ADJ. intuitive; V. intuit: know by intuition
orthography
correct spelling; CF. ortho-: straight; correct; Ex. orthodontics
rustic
pertaining to country people; unsophisticated; simple; crude; uncouth; (of furniture) rough with the bark left on; N. rural person; rustic person
diffuse
wordy; verbose; rambling; spread out (like a gas); V: spread out in all directions; disperse; N. diffusion; CF. suffuse
taper
very thin candle; gradual decrease in the width of a long object; V. make or become gradually narrower toward one end
bearing
deportment; connection
ideology
system of ideas characteristic of a group or culture
sadistic
inclined to cruelty; N. sadism: delight in cruelty
malady
illness
lance
pierce with a lance; cut into; N: spearlike weapon
advocacy
support; active pleading on behalf of someone or something
trek
travel; journey; V: make a long difficult journey
wage
begin and continue (a war)
primogeniture
seniority by birth; state of being the first-born child; right of the eldest child (to inherit the entire property of one or both parents)
execrable
very bad; detestable
catharsis
purging or cleansing of any passage of the body; purging and weakening of strong emotions as a result of experiencing a dramatic work of art
malign
speak evil of; bad-mouth(criticize spitefully); defame; ADJ: harmful; Ex. malign influence
resumption
taking up again; recommencement; V. resume: begin or take up again; take or occupy again; Ex. Kindly resume your seats.
denounce
condemn; criticize; N. denunciation
carat(karat)
unit of weight for precious stones; measure of the purity of gold
enmity
ill will; hatred; hostility
demagogue
person who appeals to people's prejudice; false leader of people; CF. demagoguery
misogynist
hater of woman; CF. misogyny
lottery
contest in which winners are selected in a drawing of lots
buffoon
stupid person; clown
horticultural
pertaining to cultivation of gardens; N. horticulture: science or art of cultivating fruits, vegetables, or ornamental plants; CF. agriculture: science or art of farming or growing crops
depredation
plundering; destruction
headstrong
willful; stubborn; unyielding; determined to have one's own way; CF. no 'excessive'
pellucid
transparent; limpid(crystal clear); clear in meaning; easy to understand
cathartic
purgative; medicine that causes the bowels to empty; ADJ.
knell
tolling of a bell especially to indicate a funeral, disaster, etc.; sound of the funeral bell; V.
welter
confusion; turmoil; confused mass; bewildering jumble; Ex. welter of data
jaundice
medical condition in which the skin, the white part of the eyes, etc. turn yellow; V: affect with jaundice; affect with prejudice, envy, or hostility; bias
deleterious
harmful
insuperable
insurmountable; unbeatable; Ex. insuperable difficulties
irksome
annoying; tedious; V. irk: annoy
component
element; ingredient
scintillate
sparkle; flash; be animated; be full of life; Ex. scintillating conversation
corpus
collection (of writings or information); Ex. the corpus of Shakespear's works; Cf. corpse
weird
eerie; strange; unnatural
dawdle
loiter; hang around; waste time doing nothing
nascent
incipient; coming into being or existence; Ex. nascent ability in music
valid
logically convincing; sound; legally acceptable; effective; Ex. valid reasoning/passport
shambles
(place or scene of) complete disorder or ruin; wreck; mess; Ex. After the hurricane, the coast was a shambles.
gloss
brief explanation note or translation of a difficult expression; V.
commandeer
take (private property) for military use without needing permission or giving payment; draft for military purposes
rig
arrangement of masts and sails; V: equip (a ship) with rigging; ADJ. rigging: ropes that hold up a ship's sails
disbar
make (a lawyer) leave the bar or the legal profession
fitful
spasmodic; intermittent; irregular
altercation
noisy quarrel
apropos
with reference to; regarding; Ex. remarks apropos (of) the present situation; ADJ. ADV.
checkered(chequered)
marked by great changes in fortune; with many changes of fortuene; CF. checked: having a pattern of squares
insinuate
hint; imply; suggest indirectly; creep in; introduce or insert (oneself) by artful means; Ex. insinuate himself into the boss's favor; CF. ingratiate
muted
silent; muffled; toned down; Ex. muted traffic noise
dys-
abnormal; impaired
cornice
projecting molding on building (usually above columns or pillars); ó¸¶ Àå½Ä
alchemy
medieval chemistry
temper
moderate; make less severe; tone down or restrain; toughen (steel) as by alternate heating and cooling
nefarious
very wicked
mutilate
maim; injure lastingly; deprive of a limb or an essential part
infernal
pertaining to hell; devilish; N. inferno: place of fiery heat or destruction
inflated
exaggerated; pompous; enlarged (with air or gas)
polyglot
speaking several languages; multilingual; Ex. polyglot person/society; N.
hail
frozen rain drop; V: salute or greet; precipitate hail
bent
determined; Ex. bent on advancing in the business; N: natural talent or inclination
vindictive
disposed to revenge; vengeful; out for revenge; spiteful; intended to cause harm; malicious; Ex. vindictive streak
perfunctory
done routinely and with little care; superficial; not thorough; lacking interest, care, or enthusiasm; Ex. perfunctory kiss
facade(fa\c{c}ade)
front or face (of building); superficial or false appearance
bawdy
indecent; obscene; about sex in a rude funny way; CF. bawd
palliate
ease pain (without curing); make less severe or offensive (a crime or illness)
equitable
fair; impartial; OP. inequitable
prophetic
of a prophet or prophecy; having to do with predicting the future; N. prophecy; V. prophesy; N. prophet
impassive
without feeling; expressionless; imperturbable; stoical; Ex. impassive face
erode
eat away; wear away gradually by abrasion; Ex. The sea erodes the rocks.
provincial
pertaining to a province; limited in outlook; narrow; unsophisticated
trickle
flow in drops or in a thin stream; N.
frisk
move about playfully; froric; ADJ. frisky: playful
explicit
totally clear; definite; outspoken
purse
pucker; contract (lips) into wrinkles; N: wallet
engender
cause; produce; give rise to
queasy
experiencing nausea; nauseated; easily nauseated; squeamish; Ex. feel a little queasy
bestial
beastlike; brutal; inhuman; very cruel
din
continued loud noise; V: make a din; instill by wearying repetition
h 12
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belie
contradict; give a false impression; disguise; Ex. The poor sales belied our high hopes; Ex. Her smile belies her true feeling of displeasure.
rehabilitate
restore to proper condition (health or useful life); restore the former rank of
bland
soothing or mild (food); agreeable; causing no trouble or offence
compulsion
compelling; strong desire that is difficult to control; irresistible impulse
venison
meat of a deer; CF. cow: beef; CF. pig: pork, ham, bacon; CF. calf: veal; CF. sheep: mutton; CF. lamb: lamb
euphoria
feeling of exaggerated or unfounded(ungrounded; baseless) well-being; feeling of great happiness or well-being (when unreasonable); ADJ. euphoriaric
tumid
(of a part of the body) swollen; distended; bombastic; pompous
tempo
speed of music
scapegoat
someone who bears the blame for others; whipping boy; CF. escape+goat
shove
push forward; push roughly; Ex. pushing and shoving to get on the bus; N.
tensile
capable of being stretched; of tension; Ex. tensile rubber
bound
leap or spring; limit or confine; constitute the limit of; Ex. bounded by Canada; N: leap or jumping; boundary; ADJ: certain; having a duty to do something (legally or morally); confined by bonds; Ex. We are bound to be late; Ex. I am bound to say my opinion; CF. bounce, rebound
tutelary
protective; pertaining to a guardianship; Ex. tutelary deities
odyssey
long, eventful, adventurous journey
abstemious
sparing in eating and drinking; temperate
gale
windstorm; gust of wind; emotional outburst (laughters, tears); Ex. gale of laughter
sentimental
swayed by sentiment; appealing to the sentiments
barb
sharp projection from fishhook, arrow, or other object; openly cutting remark
beneficial
helpful; useful; advantageous
billow
large wave of water; a great swell or surge (of smoke); V: surge, swell, roll in billows
verisimilar
having the appearance of truth or reality; probable or likely to be true; plausible
ravage
devastate; plunder; despoil; Ex. crops ravaged by storms
disconsolate
hopelessly sad (at the loss of something)
outmoded
no longer in fashion or use; no longer stylish; old-fashioned
ruminate
chew over and over (mentally or, like cows, physically); mull over(ponder)
epigram
witty thought or saying, usually short
mealymouthed
indirect in speech (when something unpleasant must be said); hypocritical; evasive
unerringly
infallibly; ADJ. unerring: making no mistakes
arcane
esoteric; secret; mysterious; known only to the initiated; Ex. arcane ritual; Ex. arcane process closed to the uninitiated listener
founder
person who establishes (an organization or business)
disgruntle
make discontented
monastic
related to monks or monasteries; removed from worldly concerns
unfaltering
steadfast; firm; not changing
porous
full of pores; like a sieve
snip
short quick cut with scissors; V: cut with scissors
canto
division of a long poem
elliptical
elliptic; oval; of an ellipse; containing an ellipsis; ambiguous either purposely or because key words have been left out
tractable
docile; easily managed; (of something) easily changed or molded; N. tractability
tantamount
equivalent in effect or value; Ex. This invasion is tantamount to a declaration of war; CF. amount
abbreviate
shorten
superfluous
excessive; overabundant; unnecessary; N. superfluity
unassuming
modest; Ex. the champion's unassuming manner
mannerism
distinctive behavioral trait; affected style in art (according to a set of styles)
inalienable
not to be taken away; nontransferable; Ex. inalienable rights
ephemeral
short-lived; fleeting
trough
long narrow container for feeding farm animals; lowest point (of a wave, business cycle, etc.); long narrow depression as between waves
morbid
given to unwholesome or unhealthy thought; moody; characteristic of disease; Ex. morbid curiosity; N. morbidity; CF. disease
grandiose
affectedly grand; pretentious; high-flown; ridiculously exaggerated; impressive; great in size or scope; grand; Ex. grandiose ideas
itinerant
wandering; traveling from place to place (to perform work); Ex. itinerant preacher
onslaught
vicious assault; fierce attack; Ex. unexpected onslaught of the enemy
executor
person designated to execute the terms of a will; ¿¹¼ú ÀÛÇ°ÀÇ Á¦ÀÛÀÚ
verbalize
put into words; ADJ. verbal: of words; spoken rather than written; oral; of a verb
exemplify
show by example; furnish an example; serve as an example of; Ex. His pictures exemplify that sort of painting.
expostulation
protest; remonstrance; reasoning with someone to correct or dissuade; V. expostulate
temerity
boldness; nerve; rashness; Ex. temerity to ask for a pay increase after only three day's work
misanthrope
one who hates mankind; misanthropist
manipulate
operate with one's hands; control or play upon (people, forces, etc.) artfully; maneuver; Ex. how to manipulate publicity and men; ADJ. manipulative
gall
bitterness of feeling; nerve; effrontery; ´ãÁó(bile); CF. gall bladder
obloquy
slander; disgrace; infamy
tint
slight degree of color; V: give a tint to
avarice
greediness for wealth
flutter
(of a bird with large wings) wave (the wings) lightly, rapidly, and irregularly; vibrate rapidly or erratically; fly by waving quickly; flitter; N.
transpire
(of a fact) become known; be revealed; happen; give off (watery waste matter) through pores
gracious
kind in a generous way (to someone less important)
console
lessen sadness or disappointment; give comfort; allay the sorrow of; N. consolation
bravado
swagger; assumed air of defiance; false show of bravery
unsavory
distasteful; disagreeable; morally offensive; Ex. unsavory activity/reputation
claustrophobia
fear of being locked in
dispirited
lacking in spirit
historical
connected with history; based on events in history (whether regarded as important or not)
circuit
closed circular line around an area; circumference; regularly repeated journey from place to place
elaborate
work out carefully; add more detail or information; ADJ.
censure
blame; criticize; express strong disapproval; N: severe criticism; strong disapproval
vampire
ghostly being that sucks the blood of the living
obnoxious
offensive; disagreeable; Ex. obnoxious smell
cubicle
small chamber used for sleeping or work
residual
remaining; left over; of a residue; N: residue
vogue
popular fashion; Ex. Jeans became the vogue.
cardiologist
doctor specializing in ailments of the heart
purveyor
furnisher of foodstuffs; caterer; V. purvey: supply (eg. food); furnish; CF. provide
spatial
relating to space
trance
hypnotic state; ecstatic state; detachment from one's physical surrounding (as in contemplation or daydreaming); CF. transition
frail
weak; N. frailty
incorporeal
without a material body; insubstantial
sear
burn the surface of; char or burn; brand; parch; cause (a plant) to wither
chimerical
fantastically improbable; highly unrealistic; N. chimera: unreal fancy; fire-breathing female creature
megalomania
mania for doing grandiose things; mental disorder characterized by delusions of wealth, power, or importance
caliber
ability; quality; diameter of the inside of a round cylinder; Ex. work of very high caliber
discord
conflict; lack of harmony; dissonance (when musical notes are played)
insubordination
disobedience; rebelliousness; ADJ. insubordinate
granary
storehouse for grain
moratorium
legal delay of payment or action; Ex. declare moratorium on the building of new houses
intolerant
not willing to accept ways of thinking different from one's own; CF. tolerant; CF. tolerate
contest
dispute; argue about the rightness of; compete for; try to win; Ex. contest the election results; Ex. contest a seat in Parliament; N.
natty
neatly or smartly dressed; dapper; smart; Ex. natty dresser
uxorious
excessively submissive or devoted to one's wife; CF. uxor: wife
reproach
blame (not angrily but sadly); express disapproval or disappointment; N. ADJ. reproachful
h 13
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onus
burden; responsibility
rooster
cock; adult male chicken
beguile
deceive; mislead or delude; cheat; pass time pleasantly; charm or attract; Ex. beguiling smile
herbivorous
grain-eating; CF. herbivore
battalion
army unit made up of four or more companies
academic
related to a school; not practical or directly useful
ambience
environment; atmosphere; Ex. restraurant with a pleasant ambience; ADJ. ambient: completely surrounding; Ex. ambient temperature
perfidious
treacherous; disloyal; N. perfidy: treachery
wring
twist (to extract liquid); extract by twisting; wrench painfully (necks or hands)
dearth
scarcity
deport
send out of the country; behave; N. deportation, deportment
superannuated
retired or disqualified because of age; outmoded; obsolete
wag
shake repeatedly from side to side; Ex. The dog wagged its tail; N: humorous person; wit
bemused
confused; lost in thought; preoccupied
probe
explore with a probe or tools; investigate; N: slender instrument used to explore a wound or body cavity; device designed to investigate an unknown region; thorough investigation; Ex. space probe
wreak
inflict; Ex. wreak one's vengeance on
swathe
swath; wrap around; bandage; Ex. one's head swathed in bandages
choir
group of people who sing together (esp. during religious services); place for choir
infringe
violate (a law); encroach (the right of another person)
conundrum
riddle; difficult problem
premeditate
plan in advance; Ex. premeditated murder
pillage
plunder
pen
fenced enclosure for animals; confining space; Ex. sheep pen; V: confine in a pen; enclose
spangle
small shiny metallic piece sewn to clothing for ornamentation
avantgarde
group of artists whose work is based on the newest ideas and methods; CF. vanguard
convention
social or moral custom; established practice; formal meeting; international agreement
debilitate
weaken (esp. through heat, hunger, illness); enfeeble
speck
small piece or mark; Ex. speck of dust in the eye
unctuous
oily; bland; insincerely suave
effete
having lost one's original power; barren; worn out; exhausted
epaulet(epaulette)
ornament worn on the shoulder (of a uniform, etc.)
clipper
sailing vessel built for great speed
oculist
physician who specializes in treatment of the eyes
rabble
mob; noisy crowd
habituate
accustom or familiarize; addict
broil
cook by direct heat; N.
ingratiate
become popular with; bring (oneself) in favor of another; Ex. ingratiate himself with the boss
accommodate
oblige or help someone; adjust or bring into harmony; adapt; make enough space for; ADJ. accommodative; CF. accomodating: helpful and obliging
cognizance
knowledge; ADJ. cognizant; having knowledge; aware
prolong
lengthen; extend; draw out
herd
group of animals; crowd; one who looks after a herd; Ex. shepherd/goatherd; Ex. herd instinct; Ex. herdsman; V: come together in a herd; look after a herd; Ex. herd cattle
equanimity
calmness of temperament; composure
lethal
deadly
apoplexy
stroke; loss of consciousness caused by too much blood in the brain
fauna
animals of a period or region; CF. flora
appreciate
be thankful for; increase in worth; be thoroughly conscious of; ADJ. appreciable: enough to be felt; Ex. appreciable difference
intransigence
refusal of any compromise; stubbornness; ADJ. intransigent: uncompromising
intellect
higher mental powers; person of great intellectual ability
credulity
belief on slight evidence; gullibility; naivet\'e; ADJ. credulous
damn
condemn; criticize severely; condemn to everlasting punishment; doom; bring to ruin; N. damnation
embark
commence; go on board a boat; begin a journey
exult
rejoice
concerted
mutually agreed on; done together by agreement; Ex. concerted effort; CF. in concert: working together
innocuous
harmless
minatory
menacing; threatening
insurrection
rebellion; uprising
evanescent
fleeting; vanishing; soon disappearing; V. evanesce
hoard
stockpile; accumulate for future use; N: supply stored for future use
stealth
action of moving secretly or unseen; slyness; sneakiness; secretiveness; ADJ. stealthy
incognito
with identity concealed; using an assumed name; ADJ.
deflect
turn aside; turn away from a straight course
refectory
dining hall; room where meals are served (in a school)
exacerbate
worsen; aggravate; embitter
diverse
differing in some characteristics (from each other); various; N. diversity: variety; dissimilitude; lack of resemblance
ovation
enthusiastic applause
plane
carpenter's tool for smoothing and leveling wood; V. CF. flat
verbatim
word for word; in the same words; repeating the actual words exactly
flagrant
conspicuously wicked, bad, or offensive; blatant; outrageous
impale
pierce (with a sharp point); Ex. impaled by the spear
vigor
active strength; energy; enthusiasm; ADJ. vigorous
gourmet
connoisseur of food and drink; epicure
precocious
advanced in development; N. precocity
smug
self-satisfied; complacent
seethe
be violently disturbed; boil; (of a liquid) move about wildly as if boiling; Ex. The nation was seething with discontent.
equilibrium
balance of opposing forces; balance of the mind; equanimity
inextricable
from which it is impossible to get free; that cannot be untied; Ex. inextricable troubles; Ex. inextricable two histories
composure
mental calmness
inviolable
secure from corruption, attack, or violation(or profanation); unassailable; Ex. inviolable oath/rights; N. inviolability
avid
greedy; extremely eager for; Ex. avid learner; N. avidity
aureole
sun's corona; halo; bright circle of light
holster
leather pistol case (that hangs on a belt around the waist)
blunt
having a dull edge; abrupt and frank in speech or manner; brusque; V: make or become blunt
championship
position of champion; defense or support; competition held to determine a champion
incline
slope; slant; Ex. steep incline
cog
tooth projecting from a wheel
apprehensive
fearful; discerning
actuate
motivate; activate; cause to act
gerontology
study of the sociological phenomena associated with old age
bard
poet
larder
pantry; place where food is kept
cleft
N: split
rider
amendment or clause added to a legislative bill
jostle
shove; bump; push against (someone) rather roughly; Ex. jostled by the crowds
coquette
flirt; flirtatious woman; woman who tries to attract the admiration of men without sincere feelings; V.
exhume
dig out of the ground; remove from a grave
crypt
secret recess or vault usually used for burial; underground room (under a church)
resurrect
revive
h 14
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zenith
point directly overhead in the sky; summit; acme; highest point
stamina
power of endurance; strength; staying power
blurt
utter impulsively from nervousness or excitement
extrapolation
projection; conjecture; V. extrapolate: infer (unknown information) from known information
vagabond
wanderer (without a permanent home); tramp
check
stop motion; curb or restrain
sophisticated
worldly wise and urbane; refined; complex; N. sophistication; V. sophisticate
solstice
point or time at which the sun is farthest from the equator
amalgamate
(of societies or groups) combine; unite in one body
auspicious
favoring success; giving signs of future success; Cf. auspices
pediatrician
physician specializing in children's diseases; N. pediatrics
elucidate
explain; make clear; clarify; enlighten; CF. lucid
foolhardy
rash; reckless; foolishly daring
erroneous
mistaken; wrong; incorrect
title
name (of a book, film, etc.); mark of rank; formal appellation as of rank or office (such as Lord or General); right or claim to possession; championship; Ex. title as head of the family; Ex. title to the estate
fallible
liable to err
alimony
payments made regularly to an ex-spouse after divorce
hirsute
hairy; having a lot of hair
militia
army composed of ordinary citizens rather than professional soldiers
sheaf
bundle of stalks of grain; any bundle of things tied together
rusticate
banish to the country; dwell in the country
ardor
heat; passion; zeal; ADJ. ardent
sonic
of sound or its speed in air; CF. subsonic, supersonic
leaven
add leaven to; cause to rise or grow lighter; enliven; N: agent, such as yeast, that causes dough to rise (by fermentation); element that lightens or enlivens
suborn
persuade to act unlawfully (especially to commit perjury); N. subornation
pare
cut away the outer covering or skin of (with a knife); trim; Ex. pare apples/expenses
misdemeanor
minor crime; misdeed; wrongdoing
tendentious
promoting a particular point of view; biased; having an aim; designed to further a cause; Ex. tendentious rather than truth-seeking; CF. tend: move in a certain direction
throes
violent anguish
nova
star that suddenly becomes much brighter and then returns to its original brightness
savor
enjoy; have a distinctive flavor, smell, or quality; N: taste or smell; distinctive quality
apolitical
having an aversion or lack of concern for political affairs
emancipate
set free; liberate
bovine
cowlike; placid and dull; slow-thinking; calm
expletive
meaningless word; interjection; profane oath; swear-word
agape
openmouthed
lampoon
ridicule; N: written attack ridiculing or satirizing a person, group, or institution
forte
strong point or special talent in a person's character
supple
flexible; limber; pliant
demerit
fault; bad quality
callus
area of thick hard skin
defoliate
destroy leaves; deprive of leaves (by the use of chemicals); N. defoliant
credence
belief
flip
send (something) spinning, often into the air, by striking with a light quick blow; turn over; Ex. flip over
prognosis
forecasted course of a disease; prediction; CF. prognostic
flounder
struggle and thrash about; proceed clumsily or falter (as in water, mud, snow, etc.); proceed in confusion
skiff
small light sailboat or rowboat
demoniac(demoniacal)
fiendish; cruel; N. demon: evil supernatural being; devil
ruse
trick to deceive; stratagem
sequester
isolate; segregate; seclude; retire from public life
transgression
violation of a law; sin; V. transgress: go beyond (a limit); violate; do wrong
analogous
comparable; similar
eclectic
selective; composed of elements drawn from disparate sources; selecting individual elements from a variety of sources; N. eclecticism
mangle
tear or cut to pieces; mutilate or disfigure; Ex. badly mangled bodies
waver
move or swing back and forth; be uncertain or unsteady in decision or movement; Ex. wavering between accepting and refusing
buccaneer
pirate
placid
peaceful; calm; Ex. placid child/lake
inscrutable
difficult to understand; impenetrable; not readily understood; mysterious
gaudy
flashy; showy
pigment
coloring matter (usually powder to be mixed with water or oil)
skittish
inconstant; capricious; frivolous; not serious; Ex. charming but skittish young woman; CF. skit
precept
practical rule guiding conduct; Ex. mother's precept
contumacious
stubborn and disobedient; resisting authority (esp. disobedient to an order made by a court)
solace
comfort in sorrow or trouble; consolation; V: comfort or console in time of sorrow or trouble
affliction
state of distress; trial; cause of distress or suffering; V. afflict: inflict grievous suffering on
introspective
looking within oneself; N. introspection: self-examination
contravene
contradict; oppose; violate (a rule, law, or custom); N. contravention
daunt
intimidate; frighten; discourage; dishearten
apogee
highest point; the point farthest from the earth; OP. perigee
mar
spoil the appearance of
temperament
characteristic frame of mind; disposition; emotional excess; ADJ. temperamental: of temperament; having frequent changes of temper; Ex. temperamental dislike of sports; Ex. temperamental actress
misadventure
mischance; ill luck; Ex. death by misadventure
flick
light stroke as with a whip; V: move with a light quick blow; strike with a light quick blow (as from a whip); Ex. flick the switch
plenitude
abundance; plenty; great amount; completeness; fullness; CF. plenary, plenty
preposterous
absurd; completely unreasonable; ridiculous
benefactor
gift giver; patron; person who does good or who gives money for a good purpose
suspense
state of being undecided; anxiety or apprehension resulting from uncertainty
gobble
eat very quickly
unfetter
liberate; free from chains; V. unfetter
incarnation
act of assuming a human body and human nature; one who personifies something; personification; Ex. previous incarnation/reincarnation
palette
board on which painter mixes pigments(coloring matters)
erudite
(of a person or book) learned; full of learning; scholarly; N. erudition
askew
crookedly; slanted; at an angle
ostensible
apparent; appearing as such; professed(pretended); pretended; Ex. ostensible purpose of the expedition
cringe
shrink back as if in fear; cower
perennial
something long-lasting; perennial plant; ADJ: lasting through the year or many years; lasting for a long time; enduring
generate
cause; produce; create
appraise
estimate value of; N. appraisal
executioner
person administering capital punishment
imperil
put in danger
uncanny
strange; mysterious; Ex. uncanny knack
sonnet
14-line poetic verse form with a fixed rhyme pattern
compromise
adjust or settle by making mutual concessions; endanger the interests or reputation of; put into danger, disrepute, or a dishonorable position; Ex. compromise one's principle; N.
bestow
confer
addendum
addition; appendix to book; something that is added (as at the end of a speech or book)
anonymity
state of being nameless; anonymousness; ADJ. anonymous
maritime
bordering on(adjacent to) the sea; nautical; of the ships or the sea; Ex. Maritime Provinces
h 15
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solicit
entreat; request earnestly; seek to obtain; Ex. solicit votes; CF. solicitor: one who solicits; chief law officer
fatuous
smugly and unconsciously foolish; inane; silly; N. fatuity, fatuousness
ingrained
deeply established; firmly rooted; Ex. ingrained dirt/prejudice
inclement
stormy; unkind; unmerciful; CF. clement
biting
sharply painful to the body or mind; Ex. biting wind/remarks
pronounced
distinct; very noticeable; Ex. pronounced limp
abstain
refrain; withhold from participation; intentionally not use one's vote; ±â±ÇÇÏ´Ù
meditation
reflection; thought; V. meditate
unguent
ointment
sift
put through a sieve to separate fine from coarse particles; sort or examine carefully
authoritarian
subordinating the individual to the state; completely dominating another's will; Ex. authoritarian regime/father
ruddy
reddish; (of the face) reddish and healthy-looking
rig
fix or manipulate; manipulate dishonestly for personal gain; Ex. rig the election
consort
associate with; keep company; N: husband or wife (or a ruler)
kaleidoscope
tube in which patterns made by the reflection in mirrors of colored pieces of glass, etc. produce interesting symmetrical effects; series of changing events; Ex. kaleidoscope of European history; CF. beautiful
deluge
flood; rush; V.
devout
pious; deeply religious; sincere; earnest; Ex. my devout hope
defection
desertion
conclusive
decisive; ending all debate
headlong
hasty; rash; headfirst; ADV.
antique
made in an earlier period and usu. valuable; N: object that was made in an earlier period and that is rare or valuable
handsome
large in quantity; generous; Ex. handsome reward
pitfall
hidden danger; concealed trap
dilettante
aimless follower of an art or a field of knowledge (not taking it seriously); amateur; dabbler; CF. delight
assurance
firm statement that something is certainly true; promise or pledge; certainty; confidence in one's own ability; self-confidence; Ex. In spite of all his assurances, he did not come back; Ex. assurance of his loyalty; Ex. The teacher lacked assurance in fron of his class; V. assure; tell firmly with confidence; ensure; make (something) certain to heappen; make (someone) feel sure; give confidence to; ADJ. assured: self-assured; confident in one's own ability; showing certainty
inordinate
beyond reasonable limits; unrestrained; excessive; Ex. inordinate demands
macabre
gruesome; grisly; ghastly; CF. of death
commemorate
honor the memory of; serve as a memorial to; Ex. commemorate the 100th anniversary/those who died in the war
belabor
harp on; dwell on tediously; explain or go over excessively or to a ridiculous degree; assail verbally; beat severely; attack physically
quiescent
dormant; temporarily inactive; at rest; N. quiescence
complacency
self-satisfaction; smugness; ADJ. complacent
confiscate
seize; take possession of (private property) by official order (usu. as a punishment); commandeer
hierarchy
arrangement by rank or standing; authoritarian body divided into ranks; body of persons having authority
notable
conspicuous; worthy of note; remarkable; important; distinguished; noted
shard
fragment generally of broken pottery (glass, clay bowl, or cup)
abase
lower; degrade; humiliate; make humble; make (oneself) lose self-respect
nonchalance
indifference; lack of concern; composure; ADJ. nonchalant: unconcerned; cool; indifferent; Ex. nonchalant attitude to his debts
bargain
agreement between two groups or people; something for sale at a price advantageous to the buyer; V: negotiate; trade; Ex. bargaining power
appellation
name; title
awry
distorted; crooked; bent; Ex. Our plans have gone awry.
diversion
act of turning aside; pastime; V. divert: turn aside from a course; distract; amuse
retrieve
recover; put right; find and bring in; regain; Ex. retrieve the situation
baffle
frustrate; perplex
bluff
pretense (of strength); deception; high cliff; ADJ: rough but good-natured
h
4
trunk
main wooden stem of a tree; human body excluding the head and limbs; torso; prehensile nose of an elephant
blas\'e
bored with pleasure or dissipation; uninterested or bored
sophist
teacher of philosophy; quibbler; employer of fallacious reasoning; N. sophism: plausible but fallacious argument
dire
warning of disaster; disastrous; (of needs and dangers) very great; urgent; Ex. dire prediction/need of food
sextant
navigation tool used to determine a ship's latitude and longitude (by measuring the altitudes of stars)
prudent
cautious; careful; prudential
seamy
sordid; base; filthy; unwholesome; Ex. seamy side of city life
constituency
voters represented by an elected official; district so represented; group of supporters (or constituents)
hindmost
furthest behind; farthest to the rear
bog
soft wet land; V: hinder or be hindered; Ex. bogged down in the mud
recluse
hermit; loner; ADJ. reclusive
ventilate
admit fresh air into to replace stale air
constraint
restraint; compulsion; repression of feelings; reticence; V. constrain: hold back; restrain; compel; oblige; confine forcibly; imprison
horde
crowd; swarm
pandemonium
wild tumult(commotion); wild noisy disorder; CF. Paradise Lost
impropriety
improperness; unsuitableness
ostracize
banish from a group; exclude from public favor; ban; Ex. His friends ostracized him. N. ostracism
ravine
narrow valley with steep sides; gorge; CF. gully, canyon
vigilant
watchful; on the alert; watchfully awake; alert to spot danger; N. vigilance
sway
swing from side to side; influence (someone) to change one's opinion; N.
ascertain
find out for certain; make certain
eccentric
irregular; odd; unconventional; whimsical; bizarre; not concentric
rasp
(of a sound) grate on (eg. nerves); make a harsh noise; have an unpleasant effect; rub with something rough; Ex. The cat's tongue rasped my hand.
recast
reconstruct (a sentence, story, statue, etc.); fashion again
effervescence
inner excitement or exuberance; showing high spirits; emitting bubbles forming inside; bubbling from fermentation or carbonation; ADJ. effervescent; V. effervesce
succumb
yield (to something overwhelming); give in; die; Ex. succumb to the illness
encipher
encode; convert a message into code; put into cipher
complaisant
trying to please; obliging; willing to please others
negligible
so small, trifling, or unimportant as to be easily disregarded
import
significance; importance; meaning
disinclination
unwillingness
scale
climb up; ascend; remove or come off in scales; N: flake of epidermis; ascending or descending series of musical tones
precipitous
steep; overhasty; precipitate
torpor
lethargy; sluggishness; dormancy; ADJ. torpid: lethargic; lazy; inactive; (of an animal) dormant; hibernating
bliss
complete happiness; ADJ. blissful
buffoonery
clowning
autocratic
having absolute unchecked power; dictatorial; N. autocrat, autocracy
denomination
religious group; unit in a system; name or designation; CF. denominator: common trait or characteristic
rickety
(of buildings) likely to break or fall apart; of rickets; CF. rickets; CF. vitamin D
drone
talk dully; buzz or murmur like a bee; N.
impertinent
insolent; rude; not pertinent; N. impertinence
enjoin
command; order; forbid
commonwealth
nation governed by the people; republic; people of a nation
idle
not working; not employed or busy; lazy; without purpose; useless; lacking substance; baseless; not based on truth; Ex. idle worker; Ex. talk idly; V.
exhort
urge (by strong argument or advice); Ex. The general exhorted his men to fight bravely; N. exhortation
rout
put to rout; stampede; drive out; N: complete defeat and disorderly retreat
tundra
rolling treeless plain in Siberia and arctic North America
indisputable
too certain to be disputed; beyond doubt
indulgent
humoring; yielding; lenient; showing indulgence
arable
fit for growing crops; Ex. arable land
imprudent
lacking caution; not prudent; injudicious
impel
drive or force onward; drive to take action; urge to action
h 16
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scrupulous
conscientious; extremely thorough; Ex. scrupulous worker
rigid
hard and unbending; stiff and unyielding; fixed in behavior or views; strict; rigorous; Ex. rigid rule
versatile
having many talents; capable of working in many fields; having many uses or functions; N. versatility
mediocre
ordinary; commonplace; neither good nor bad
nourishment
something that nourishes; food
orthodox
traditional; (of someone) conservative in belief; adhering to an established doctrine
adherent
supporter; follower
hybrid
mongrel; mixed breed; V. hybridize
glaze
cover with a thin and shiny surface; apply a glaze to; N: thin, smooth, shiny coating (as for pottery); Ex. unglazed pottery
memorial
something, such as a monument or holiday, intended to honor the memory of a person or event; ADJ: commemorative
satiate
satisfy fully (physical needs such as hunger); sate; N. satiety: condition of being satiated
righteous
morally upright; just
castigation
punishment; severe criticism or disapproval
incarnate
endowed with flesh; invested with bodily form; personified; Ex. devil incarnate; V: give bodily form to; embody
expeditious
done with speed; quick; N. expedition
homespun
domestic; made at home; spun or woven at home; simple and ordinary; Ex. homespun philosophy
abscission
cutting off; separation
phoenix
symbol of immortality or rebirth; Ex. phoenix rising from its ashes
perceptive
insightful; showing a good ability at perceiving and understanding; aware; wise; of perception
taunt
deride or provoke; challenge in derision; N.
polarity
state of having two opposite qualities
constituent
supporter; voter; member of a constituency; component
excise
cut away; cut out; N: government tax on good produced and used inside a country; N. excision
prey
target of a hunt; victim; V: hunt and eat as prey; victimize; Ex. Cats prey on mice.
obsolete
outmoded; no longer used
vying
contending; CF. vie
impuissance
powerlessness; feebleness
distinct
clearly different; clearly noticed
healthful
conducive to good health; Ex. healthful mountain air
unequivocal
plain; clear; obvious
profligate
wasteful (of money); dissipated; wildly immoral; dissolute; N: profligate person; N. profligacy
opportunist
individual who sacrifices principles for expediency by taking advantage of circumstances; N. opportunism
sovereign
ruler in a monarchy; ADJ: (of a country) independent and self-governing; having supreme power; supreme; excellent
myriad
very large number; ADJ. CF. ten thousand
unfledged
immature; not having the feathers necessary to fly; CF. fledgling
rancid
having the odor of stale or decomposing fat; rank
pecuniary
pertaining to money
hurl
throw forcefully; shout out violently
founder
fail completely; sink; CF. flounder
sacrosanct
invioably sacred; most sacred; inviolable
conviction
judgment that someone is guilty of a crime; strongly held belief
cornucopia
horn (or horn-shaped container) overflowing with fruit and grain; symbol of abundance; horn of plenty
disgorge
surrender something (stolen); eject; vomit; OP. gorge
emend
correct (usually a text); N. emendation: correction of errors; improvement
hindrance
block; obstacle; V. hinder
cistern
reservoir or water tank
cipher
nonentity; worthless person or thing; zero; secret code; V.
bristling
rising like bristles; showing irritation
cadence
rhythmic rise and fall (of words or sounds); beat; regular beat of sound; rhythm
outlaw
fugitive from the law (excluded from legal protection); V: declare (someone) to be an outlaw; deprive of the protection of the law; declare illegal; Ex. Drinking has been outlawed.
gratis
free; without charge; ADJ.
stalemate
deadlock; situation in which further action is blocked
avert
prevent; avoid; turn away (eyes or thought); Ex. An accident was averted by his quick thinking; Ex. She averted her eyes from the terrible sight.
bleak
cold or cheerless; frigid; unlikely to be favorable; depressing
liquidate
settle accounts; pay off (a debt); clear up; eliminate; kill or abolish
concordat
formal agreement
prance
move about in a spirited manner (proudly and confidently)
conjecture
surmise; guess; V.
prodigal
wasteful; reckless with money; profuse; Ex. a mind prodigal of ideas; N. prodigality
dingy
(of things and place) dirty and dull; Ex. dingy street/curtain
ferocious
fierce; violent; N. ferocity
confidence
self-assurance; calm unworried feeling based on a strong belief in one's abilities; strong belief in the ability of a person or plan; trust or faith in a person or thing; something confided; secret; Ex. confidence in your ability; Ex. I'm telling you this in confidence; Ex. exchange confidences about their boyfriends; ADJ. confident
preen
make oneself tidy in appearance; feel self-satisfaction or pride; (of a bird) smooth or clean (feathers) with the beak; Ex. preen oneself on; CF. prune
adorn
decorate
malingerer
one who feigns illness to escape duty; V. malinger: feign illness to avoid work
crotchety
(of someone old) eccentric; odd; whimsical; bad-tempered; N. crotchet: odd or whimsical notion
ancestry
family descent; ADJ. ancestral
quack
charlatan; impostor
inductive
pertaining to induction or proceeding from the specific to the general
quietude
tranquillity; calmness
spartan
without attention to comfort; lacking luxury and comfort; sternly disciplined; Ex. spartan living condition/life
surreptitious
done secretly; secret; furtive; sneaky; hidden
undermine
weaken gradually; sap; dig a mine beneath
stultify
make stupid in mind; cause to appear or become stupid or inconsistent; suppress; frustrate or hinder; Ex. stultifying effect of uninteresting work; Ex. stultify free expression
querulous
given to complaining; complaining; fretful; whining
anodyne
drug that relieves pain or trouble; ÁøÅëÁ¦; opiate; ADJ. Ex. anodyne statement
comeuppance
deserts; well-deserved punishment or misfortune; rebuke
largess
generous gift (given to people who do not have enough)
endorse
approve; support; write one's signature on the back of; N. endorsement; CF. dorsal
pall
become boring; grow tiresome
frantic
wild; distraught as from fear or worry; Ex. frantic with fear
voluptuous
sensual; of or giving sensual pleasure; indulging in sensual pleasures; Ex. voluptuous lines; Ex. voluptuous life of the Romans; N. voluptuary: voluptuous person
clip
cut off with shears; fasten; N: something clipped off (as a short extract from film); clasp or fastener
podiatrist
doctor who treats ailments of the feet; chiropodist; N. podiatrics
philistine
narrow-minded person, uncultured and exclusively interested in material gain; uncultured person who is indifferent to artistic and cultural values; member of an ancient people in Palestine; OP. aesthete
assail
assault
boost
lift by pushing up from below; increase; raise; N: push upward; increase
diverge
vary; go in different directions from the same point; ADJ. divergent: differing; deviating
indelible
not able to be erased
hoodwink
deceive; delude
fabricate
build; lie; make up (a story) in order to deceive; Ex. fabricate the whole story; CF. fabric: underlying structure; Ex. fabric of society
minuscule(miniscule)
extremely small
bigotry
stubborn intolerance
forthcoming
happening in the near future; ready; willing to help; Ex. No answer was forthcoming.
seine
seine net; net for catching fish
enamored
in love; Ex. enamored of his own beauty; V. enamor: inspire with love
stammer
speak with involuntarily pauses or repetitions
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hale
healthy
regent
a person who governs in place of a ruler who is ill, absent, or still a child; ADJ. Ex. the Prince regent
ingenue
ing\'enue; young innocent girl
grudge
deep feeling of dislike; Ex. grudge fight; V.
lugubrious
mournful; sorrowful
remit
transmit (money) in payment; free someone from a debt or punishment
glaring
(of something bad) highly conspicuous; harshly bright; shining intensely and blindingly
convene
come together; assemble; call to meet; Ex. convene the council
obsequy
funeral ceremony
subdue
less intense; quieter; Ex. subdued lighting; Ex. subdue: conquer; make less intense; quiet; Ex. subdue one's anger
dominate
control; rule; enjoy a commanding position in; overlook from a height; ³»·Á´Ùº¸´Ù
acrimonious
stinging; caustic; bitter in words or manner; N. acrimony: bitter ill-natured animosity in speech or behavior
inadvertently
unintentionally; by oversight; carelessly
antiquated
obsolete; old-fashioned; outdated
dregs
sediment in a liquid; lees; worthless residue
peer
one who has equal standing with another; nobleman; V: look intently; N. peerage; CF. peeress
rabies
disease passed on by the bite of an infected animal (causing madness and death)
rabid
of or suffering rabies; like a fanatic; extremely zealous; furious; CF. rabies: hydrophobia
absolute
complete; totally unlimited; having complete power; certain; not relative; Ex. absolute honesty/ruler; CF. absolutism
illicit
illegal
inveigle
deceive; lead astray by deception; wheedle(cajole); Ex. inveigle her into joining the club; CF. interest dishonestly
prosperity
good fortune and financial success; physical well-being
blare
loud or harsh roar or screech; dazzling blaze of light
candor
frankness; open honesty; ADJ. candid
talisman
charm; object believed to give supernatural powers to or protect its bearer
ubiquitous
being everywhere; omnipresent; N. ubiquity
multiplicity
state of being numerous or multiple; large number; Ex. multiplicity of details; ADJ. multiple: of more than one element
renovate
restore to good condition; renew
natal
connected with birth; CF. prenatal; CF. postnatal
nuptial
of marriage or the wedding ceremony; N; nuptials; wedding ceremony
premonition
forewarning; presentiment; foreboding
tempestuous
stormy; violent; impassioned; N. tempest: violent storm
ballast
heavy substance used to add stability or weight; V. supply with ballast
accolade
award of merit; strong praise and approval
gentility
those of gentle birth; high social class; refinement; quality of being genteel
retentive
holding; able to retain things (esp. facts in the mind); having a good memory
desperate
having lost all hope; despairing; reckless and violent because of loss of hope or despair; undertaken as a last resort
manifesto
public declaration of principles; statement of policy
covert
secret; hidden; implied; OP. overt
overweening
arrogant; presumptuous
extort
wring from; get money by threats, etc.; obtain by force or threats; CF. extortionate: exorbitant
trifle
something of little importance or value; small amount; Ex. a trifle; V: treat without seriousness; flirt
pungent
stinging; acrid; sharp in taste or smell; (of speech or writing) caustic; N. pungency
encompass
surround; include; Ex. His activities encompass publishing and computers.
surmise
guess; N.
graze
(of an animal) feed on growing grass; cause (an animal) to feed on grass; scrape (esp. the skin) or touch lightly in passing; brush; Ex. We can't graze the cattle till summer; N: surface wound
partiality
state of being partial; inclination; favorable bias; special fondness; preference
reaper
one who harvests grain; Ex. the Grim Reaper; V. reap: cut and gather (crop); harvest a crop
lull
moment of calm; period of reduced activity; Ex. a lull in the rain; V: cause to become less active; cause to sleep or rest; Ex. lull the opponents into a false sense of security; CF. lullaby
politic
prudent; judicious; well judged; expedient; well devised
papyrus
ancient paper made from stem of papyrus plant
specious
seemingly reasonable but incorrect; misleading (often intentionally)
postulate
self-evident truth; something assumed without proof; V: assume the truth of (as a basis of an argument)
genealogy
record of descent; lineage; ancestry; study of ancestry
mellifluous
(of words or a voice) sweetly or smoothly flowing; melodious; having a pleasant tune
leonine
like a lion
assimilate
absorb; take (food) into the body and digest it; understand (knowledge) completely and be able to use properly; cause to become homogeneous (the people of a country or race in the wasy of behaving or thinking)
dally
trifle with; toy with; treat without the necessary seriousness; procrastinate; waste time
queer
strange; eccentric; deviating from the normal
tribune
official of ancient Rome elected by the plebians to protect their rights; protector of the people
fathom
comprehend; investigate; determine the depth of; N. unit of measurement for the depth of water
promulgate
announce; proclaim a doctrine or law; make known by official publication
lateral
of or coming from the side
onomatopoeia
words formed in imitation of natural sounds
rudimentary
elementary; not developed; crude; N. rudiment: fundamental element or principle; Ex. rudiments of the language
gambol
romp; skip about; leap about playfully; frolic; N.
inclusive
tending to include all; all-inclusive; Ex. inclusive charge
waffle
speak equivocally about an issue; N.
sparse
not thick; thinly scattered; scanty
melee
fight
harrowing
agonizing; distressing; traumatic; V. harrow: break up and level (soil) with a harrow; inflict great distress on; agonize; N: farming machine to break up the earth
partition
divide into parts
soluble
able to be dissolved in a liquid; able to be worked out or solved
supercilious
haughty; arrogant; condescending; patronizing; CF. eyebrow, cilium
minute
extremely small; CF. minutes: official record of the proceedings at a meeting
iridescent
exhibiting rainbowlike colors; Ex. iridescent oil slick; N. iridescence
precise
exact
depreciate
lessen in value; belittle; represent as of little value
immutable
unchangeable
winsome
charming (in a childlike way); agreeable; gracious; engaging
optimist
person who looks on the bright side; N. optimism
inaugurate
begin formally; install in office; induct into office by a formal ceremony; N. inauguration; ADJ. inaugural
irrelevant
not applicable; unrelated
quaint
odd in an old-fashioned way; odd; old-fashioned; picturesque
studied
carefully contrived; calculated; unspontaneous; deliberate; thoughtful; Ex. studied remark
concentric
having a common center
pacify
soothe; make calm or quiet; subdue; bring peace to
friction
clash or conflict in opinion; rubbing against
scenario
plot outline; screenplay(script for a movie); opera libretto; outline of possible future events
concession
an act of yielding; conceding; something conceded; point, right, etc. given unwillingly; privilege of maintaining a business in a certain place; Ex. oil concessions in the North sea; CF. concessionaire
serenity
calmness; placidity; ADJ. serene
menial
suitable for servants; lowly; mean; N: someone who does menial work (esp. servant in a house)
amputate
cut off part of body; prune (a limb)
incarcerate
imprison
presumptuous
going beyond what is right; excessively forward; arrogant; taking liberties
blithe(blithesome)
gay; joyous
cognitive
having to do with knowing or perceiving related to the mental processes; N. cognition: the mental process of knowing
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plaintive
expressing sorrow; mournful; Ex. plaintive song
rivulet
small stream; CF. rill < rivulet < river
warranty
guarantee; assurance by seller
equinox
period of equal days and nights; the beginning of spring and autumn; Ex. vernal/autumnal equinox; ADJ. equinoctial
vital
full of life; animated; vibrant and lively; critical; of great importance; necessary to stay alive; of life; living; breathing; N. vitality; V. vitalize
impugn
dispute or contradict (often in an insulting way); attack as false or questionable; challenge; gainsay; CF. fight
yen
strong desire; longing; urge; Ex. yen for travel
retrench
cut down; cut down expenses; economize
babble
chatter idly or foolishly; make continuous sounds like water running gently over rounded stone; N.
gastronomy
art and science of preparing and serving good food; CF. gastronome
ventriloquist
someone who can make his or her voice seem to come from another person or thing (without moving lips or jaws); N. ventriloquism, ventriloquy
deplete
reduce; exhaust
necromancy
black magic; sorcery; dealings with the dead; art that professes to communicate with the spirits of the dead so as to predict the future; CF. necromancer; CF. necro+divination; CF. necro-: death; Ex. necropolis
chasm
abyss; very deep crack
maternal
motherly; N. maternity: motherhood
daze
stun as with a blow or shock; bemuse; benumb; N.
caste
one of the hereditary classes in Hindu society; social stratification; prestige
immure
imprison; shut up in confinement; CF. wall
rhapsodize
speak or write in an exaggeratedly enthusiastic manner; Ex. rhapsodize over the beauty of the scenery
stupor
state of being stupefied; state of apathy; daze; lack of awareness
deface
mar; disfigure
revert
relapse; backslide; turn back to; return to the former owner; N. reversion
parquet
floor made of wood strips inlaid in a mosaic like matter; CF. strip: long narrow piece
fickle
changeable (in affections or friendship); faithless
inimical
(of someone) unfriendly; hostile; (of something) harmful; detrimental; CF. enemy
consonant
harmonious; in agreement; N.
gauche
clumsy (in social behavior); coarse and uncouth
falsify
make (something written) false by changing
repine
fret; complain; be annoyed; Ex. repine over the undone work
integral
complete; necessary for completeness; Ex. integral part
ursine
bearlike; pertaining to a bear
miasma
swamp gas; heavy vaporous atmosphere often emanating from decaying matter; pervasive corrupting influence; noxious atmosphere or influence
deviate
turn away from (a principle, norm); move away from an accepted standard; swerve; depart; diverge; N. deviation; Ex. deviation of the path of light by a prism
slapdash
hasty and careless; haphazard; sloppy(carelessly done)
maim
mutilate; injure lastingly; disable; cripple; Ex. maimed for life
decapitate
behead
intractable
unruly; difficult to manage; Ex. intractable problem/child
cordial
warmly friendly; gracious; heartfelt; Ex. cordial welcome
unilateral
one-sided; involving or affecting only one side; Ex. unilateral declaration
verbose
wordy; N. verbosity
tonsure
shaving of the head especially by person entering religious orders; V.
masticate
chew
gestate
evolve as in prenatal growth; N. gestation: period of development from conception until birth
rhetoric
art of effective communication; art of using language effectively and persuasively; style of speaking or writing; grandiloquent language; Ex. political rhetoric; ADJ. rhetorical; CF. rhetorical question: question to which no answer is expected as ``Who knows it ?''
melancholy
gloomy; morose; blue; N. ADJ. melancholic; CF. melancholia
retiring
shy and reserved (of a person); modest; Ex. her retiring personality
agrarian
pertaining to land or its cultivation; Ex. agrarian reform
visceral
felt in one's inner organs; N. viscera: internal body organs; CF. eviscerate
palate
roof of the mouth; sense of the taste
cleave
split or sever; cling to; remain faithful to; N. cleavage; ADJ. cloven
detonation
explosion
levitate
rise and float in the air (especially by magical means); CF. light
fit
sudden outburst of an illness or feeling; convulsion caused by epilepsy
default
failure to act; failure to perform a task or be present; V.
stampede
sudden frenzied rush (of panic-stricken animals or people); V: participate in or cause stampede; Ex. stampede before the price rises
factitious
artificial; produced artificially; sham; false; Ex. factitious tears
bastard
illegitimate child
outlook
point of view; view from a particular place; expectation for the future; prospect; Ex. outlook on life; Ex. pleasing outlook; Ex. weather outlook
dank
damp; unpleasantly wet
brevity
conciseness; shortness of duration
whimsy
whim; tendency to behave amusingly strangely; Ex. story full of whimsy
gust
strong abrupt rush of wind; V. CF. bluster
trinket
knickknack; bauble; cheap jewelry
extemporaneous
not planned; impromptu; extempore
universal
characterizing or affecting all; general; present everywhere; of the universe; cosmic; Ex. universal agreement; Ex. a subject of universal interest
interrogate
question closely; cross-examine; cross-question
ferment
agitation; commotion(noisy and excited activity); unrest (of a political kind); V. produce by fermentation; undergo fermentation; cause (a state of trouble)
apothegm(apophthegm)
pithy, compact saying
transport
strong emotion; rapture; Ex. in a transport/transports of; V: move to strong emotion; enrapture
tickle
touch (the body) lightly so as to cause laughter; please
chaff
worthless products of an endeavor; husk(outer seed cover) separated from grain; Ex. separate the wheat from the chaff
irreverence
lack of proper respect or reverence; ADJ. irreverent
trifling
trivial; unimportant
chronicle
report; record (in chronological order)
gourmand
epicure; person who takes excessive pleasure in food and drink
regal
royal; of a monarch; Ex. regal manner
earn
gain for the performance of service or labor; gain (something that one deserves); deserve
glower
scowl; glare; look or stare angrily
prefatory
introductory; of a preface
gruff
rough-mannered; (of a voice) rough; hoarse
harangue
long, passionate, and vehement speech; V.
carrion
rotting flesh of a dead body; CF. vulture
broach
introduce as a subject; moot; open up
enigma
puzzle; mystery; ADJ. enigmatic: obscure; puzzling
disinter
dig up; unearth; OP. inter
defrock
strip a priest or minister of church authority; unfrock
craft
skill (esp. with one's hands); skill in deceiving people; guile; ADJ. crafty: cleverly deceitful; cunning
collateral
security given for loan; ADJ: secondary; descended from the same person but through different sons or daughters
reek
emit (an unpleasant odor or smoke); give off an unpleasant odor; give out smoke; Ex. reeking chimney; N: unpleasant odor; stench
staid
serious and sedate; sober; Ex. staid during the funeral ceremony
satire
form of literature in which irony, sarcasm, and ridicule are employed to attack human vice and folly
solicitor
lawyer in the lower court of law
synthesis
combining parts or separate things into a whole; the whole so formed; PL. syntheses; V. synthesize
mange
skin disease (esp. of domestic animals) marked by loss of hair
camp
group sharing a common cause or opinion
viable
capable of maintaining life; feasible; practical or workable; Ex. viable scheme
obviate
make unnecessary; get rid of; Ex. obviate the need
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confound
confuse; puzzle
conifer
pine tree (usu. evergreen); cone-bearing tree; ADJ. coniferous; CF. deciduous; CF. evergreen
dissonance
discord
dehydrate
remove water from; dry out
cauterize
burn (a wound or snakebite, etc.) with hot iron or caustic substance to stop bleeding and prevent infection
suture
stitches sewn to hold the cut edges of a wound or incision; material used in sewing; V: sew together a wound
epicure
connoisseur of food and drink; gourmet; ADJ. epicurean; CF. Epicurus
prelate
church dignitary; priest of high position in the church (esp. bishop)
defect
shortcoming; V: desert (in order to join the opposite one)
incriminate
accuse of or implicate in a crime; serve as evidence against; cause to seem or make guilty of a crime; Ex. incriminating evidence
sectarian
of a sect; narrow-minded; parochial; N: member of a sect; narrow-minded person
forsake
desert; abandon; renounce
inerrancy
infallibility
somatic
pertaining to the body; bodily; physical
die
metal block used for shaping metal or plastic; device for stamping or impressing; mold; CF. dice
gavel
hammerlike tool; mallet(wooden hammer) used by a presiding officer or an auctioneer; V.
monochrome
painting in only one color; ADJ.
thrash
beat with a whip or flail; defeat utterly; talk about thoroughly in order to find the answer; move wildly or violently; Ex. The fishes thrashed about in the net.
geriatrics
medical treatment and care of old age
discretion
prudence; ability to adjust actions to circumstances; freedom of action or judgment; ADJ. discreet; CF. discretionary
dictum
authoritative and weighty statement (made by a judge in court); saying; maxim; CF. obiter dictum: incidental, nonbinding remark (something said in passing)
animus
hostile feeling or intent; animosity; hostility; disposition
acclaim
applaud; praise; greet with great approval; announce with great approval; Ex. The new drung has been acclaimed as the most important discoveries for years; N: strong expression of approval and praise
reprobate
morally disapproved person; person hardened in sin, devoid of a sense of decency; CF. disapproved by God ?
kleptomaniac
person who has a compulsive desire to steal
tycoon
wealthy and powerful businessperson; wealthy leader; magnate; Ex. business tycoon
resignation
patiently submissiveness; statement that one is quitting a job; ADJ. resigned: acquiescent
microcosm
small representative world; world in miniature; Ex. microcosm of English society
prosaic
lacking in imagination; dull and unimaginative; matter-of-fact(concerned with facts, not imagination or feelings); factual; CF. prose
fuss:
trouble or worry over trifles; make nervous; pay too much attention to; N: needless concern or worry (about a trivial thing); anxious nervous condition; display of attention; Ex. make a fuss over the baby
compassion
sympathy for the suffering of others; ADJ. compassionate
anthropoid
manlike; resembling a human being; N.
pauper
very poor person
fallow
(of land) plowed but not sowed (to improve the quality); uncultivated
entreat
plead; ask earnestly
disconcert
confuse; upset; embarrass; perturb
unruly
disobedient; lawless; difficult to control
potion
dose (of liquids); liquid dose
bigot
one who is intolerant (in matters of religion or politics)
ingenuous
naive and trusting; young; unsophisticated; candid
illusive
deceiving; based on illusion; causing illusion; deceptive
orient
get one's bearings; adjust; make familiar with a situation; orientate
raiment
clothing; garments; Ex. I have no raiment fit to wear.
Bacchanalia
the ancient Roman festival in honor of Bacchus
pucker
gather into wrinkles or folds; N: wrinkle or fold
casual
happening by chance; irregular; occasional; informal; showing or feeling little interest; Ex. casual reader/labor/remark
pummel
pommel; beat or pound with fists
curmudgeon
churlish, miserly individual; bad-tempered old person
coup
highly successful action or sudden attack; coup(s) d'\'etat; CF. coup de gr\^ace: deathblow or shot which kills
glimmer
shine erratically; twinkle; N: dim or unsteady light; faint indication; Ex. glimmer of hope
synchronous
similarly timed; simultaneous with; occurring at the same time; V. synchronize
impudence
impertinence; insolence
quaff
drink with zest; drink with relish(zest; hearty enjoyment); ²Ü²©²Ü²© ¸¶½Ã´Ù; CF. sip
paramount
foremost in importance; supreme; CF. para-: beyond; above; Ex. paranormal
violate
break (a law); defile; desecrate; assault sexually; Ex. violate graves
stellar
pertaining to the stars; of a star performer; outstanding; Ex. stellar attraction of the entire performance
affected
artificial; pretended
notoriety
disrepute; ill fame
fluctuate
waver; shift; rise and fall as if in waves; change or vary irregularly
slaughter
killing of animals for food; massacre; V: butcher (animals) for food; kill in large numbers
levee
earthen or stone embankment to prevent flooding; CF. raise
embroider
decorate with needlework; ornament (a story) with fancy or fictitious details; embellish
correlation
mutual relationship
crossbreed
hybridize; N: hybrid; CF. interbreed; CF. inbreed
centripetal
tending toward the center
malefactor
evildoer; criminal
loquacious
talkative; N. loquacity
garrulous
loquacious; wordy; talkative; N. garrulity
Occident
the West
lilliputian
extremely small; CF. Lilliput in Gulliver's Travels
prude
excessively modest or proper person (who is easily shocked by improper things, esp. of a sexual nature); N. prudery; ADJ. prudish: excessively concerned with propriety
pallid
pale; wan; Ex. pallid complexion
flinch
hesitate; shrink back (in fear of something unpleasant); Ex. She did not flinch in the face of danger.
romp
play or frolic boisterously; gambol; N.
acerbity
bitterness of speech and temper; ADJ. acerbic: bitter; acrid (in taste, manner, or tone)
cumulative
growing by addition; accumulative
dignitary
person of high rank or position
berserk
mad with violent anger; frenzied; madly excited
languish
lose animation or strength
outskirts
fringes; outer borders (as of a city); Ex. outskirts of Boston
paranoia
psychosis marked by delusions of grandeur or persecution; N: ADJ: paranoid, paranoiac
paradox
something apparently contradictory in nature (that may nonetheless be true); statement that looks false but is actually correct
infinitesimal
very small
masquerade
wear a mask or disguise; pretend; N: costume party or ball at which masks are worn; pretense; disguise
shade
slight difference in degree; nuance; degree of color; Ex. shades of meaning/grey
merit
good quality deserving praise; merits: aspect of character or behavior deserving approval or disapproval; Ex. judge each plan on its own merits; V: deserve; earn
charlatan
quack; pretender to knowledge (esp. in medicine)
legacy
gift made by a will; something handed down from an ancestor
suffuse
spread through or over (with a color or liquid); charge; Ex. A blush suffused her cheeks.
prelude
introduction; introductory performance or event; forerunner
cursive
(of writing) flowing; running; having the successive letters joined
alleviate
relieve (pain)
hireling
one who serves for hire (usually used contemptuously); one who works solely for compensation; Ex. hireling politician
palatial
of or suitable for a palace; magnificent
execrate
curse; express abhorrence for; detest
disheveled
untidy (of hair or clothing); V. dishevel
geniality
cheerfulness; kindliness; sympathy; ADJ. genial: cheerful and good-tempered
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sanguinary
bloody; with much bloodshed
impediment
hindrance; stumbling-block; speech defect preventing clear articulation; Ex. speech impediment
dolt
slow-thinking stupid person; CF. dull
sacrilegious
desecrating; profane; N. sacrilege: desecration, misuse, or theft of something sacred
nutritious
providing nourishment
menace
threat; V: threaten
dilapidated
falling to pieces; in a bad condition; ruined because of neglect; Ex. dilapidated old car/castle; N. dilapidation
cataract
great waterfall; eye abnormality (causing a gradual loss of eyesight)
usury
lending money at illegal high rates of interest
impute
attribute; ascribe; charge; N. imputation
jaundiced
yellowed; prejudiced (envious, hostile, or resentful) from long and disappointing experience of human affairs; Ex. with a jaundiced eye
lace
cord used to draw and tie together two opposite edges (as of a shoe); delicate fabric made of fine threads; V: draw together by tying a lace
prophylactic
used to prevent disease; N: something prophylactic; condom; N. prophylaxis: prevention of disease
paroxysm
fit or attack of pain, laughter, rage; sudden outburst
transmute
transform; change; convert to something different
submerge
place under water; dip; go under water; cover completely (as with water); Ex. submerged in work
foppish
vain about dress and appearance; N. fop: man who takes too much interest in his clothes and appearance
psychopathic
pertaining to mental dearrangement; N. psychopath: person with an antisocial personality disorder
porridge
soft food made by boiling oatmeal
religious
of religion; (of a person) pious; having reverence for a deity
cumbersome
heavy and awkward to carry or wear; burdensome; Ex. cumbersome parcel/uniform
volley
simultaneous discharge of a number of shots; V.
silt
sediment deposited by running water (at the entrance to a harbor or by a bend in a river)
catcall
shout of disapproval or displeasure (made at the theater or a sports match); boo; V.
sleeper
one that achieves unexpected success; something originally of little value or importance that in time becomes very valuable
replete
fully filled; filled to the brim or to the point of being stuffed; abundantly supplied; Ex. report replete with errors
rakish
jaunty; stylish; sporty; morally corrupt; dissolute; Ex. He wore his hat at a rakish and jaunty angle.
writhe
twist in coils; contort in pain
satirical
using satire; mocking
nauseate
cause to become sick; fill with disgust; fill nausea
muddle
confuse; mix up confusedly; N: state of confusion
varnish
paint used to coat a surface with a glossy film; glossy coating produced by using this substance; Ex. nail varnish; V.
chortle
chuckle with delight; N.
multiform
having many forms
dilate
expand; dilate on/upon: speak or write at length on (a subject)
monarchy
government under a single ruler
layman
man who is not a cleric; man who is nonprofessional
flair
talent
fluke
unlikely occurrence; stroke of fortune; accidental stroke of good luck; ADJ. fluky
ornithologist
scientific student of birds; N. ornithology: scientific study of birds
bank
heap; piled-up mass; embankment; lateral tilting (as of an aircraft in turning); V: pile up; protect with a bank; tilt in turning
ruthless
pitiless; merciless; cruel
entail
make necessary; require; necessitate; involve; limit the inheritance of (property) to a specified succession of heirs; Ex. entail A on/upon B
prosody
art of versification; study of the metrical structure of verse
acme
peak; pinnacle; highest point
delusive
deceptive; likely to delude; misleading; raising vain hopes; Ex. delusive promises
torso
trunk of statue with head and limbs missing; human trunk
asinine
stupid; Ex. asinine remarks
adulterate
make impure or of poorer quality by adding inferior or tainted(contaminated) substances
economy
efficiency or conciseness in using something; thrifty management of resources
derelict
negligent; (of someone) neglectful of duty; (of something) deserted by an owner; abandoned; N: abandoned property; homeless or vagrant person
lust
intense sexual desire; intense eagerness; V.
ignite
kindle; light; catch fire or set fire to
convex
curving outward
vociferous
clamorous; noisy; V. vociferate: cry out loudly (when complaining)
knack
special talent; art
matrimony
state of being married
self-righteous
sure of one's own righteousness; moralistic
caustic
burning; corrosive; able to burn by chemical action; sarcastically biting; (of remarks) intended to hurt; bitter; harmful; OP. harmless
icon(ikon)
religious image; idol; image or representation
static
having no motion; unchanging; lacking development; N. stasis: stable state
allege
state without proof
victuals
food; provisions; V. victual: provide with food
ennui
boredom; listlessness and dissatisfaction resulting from lack of interest; CF. annoy
heyday
time of greatest success or power; prime
obese
excessively fat; N. obesity
maxim
proverb; truth pithily stated
stupefy
stun; make numb (as with a drug); amaze
ecstasy
rapture; very strong feeling of joy and happiness; any overpowering emotion; ADJ. ecstatic: causing or experiencing ecstasy
impotent
weak; ineffective; lacking in physical strength or power
tureen
deep dish for serving soup
statute
law enacted by the legislature
stoop
bend forward and down; lower or debase oneself; fall to a lower standard of behavior by doing something; condescend; Ex. stoop to lying
aromatic
fragrant; having a sweet smell; N. aroma: strong pleasant smell
frustrate
thwart; defeat; prevent from accomplishing a purpose
hothead
person who does things too quickly without thinking; ADJ. hotheaded
abut
border upon; adjoin
litigation
lawsuit; N. litigant: one party in a lawsuit; V. litigate
descry
catch sight of (something distant)
squeamish
easily shocked or sickened by unpleasant things; fastidious; Ex. A nurse should not be squeamish.
abrogate
abolish
grill
question severely; cook on a grill; broil; N: cooking surface of parallel metal bars
conciliatory
reconciling; soothing; V. conciliate: reconcile; soothe; win the friendly feelings (by removing anger)
burgeon
grow rapidly; grow forth; send out buds; Ex. burgeoning computer industry; CF. bludgeon
freebooter
pirate or plunderer who makes war in order to grow rich
bruise
injure without breaking the skin; N.
amorphous
formless; lacking shape or definition
sedition
conduct or language inciting rebellion; rebellion; resistance to authority; insubordination; ADJ. seditious
groom
man employed to take care of horses; V: make neat and trim; clean and brush (an animal)
circuitous
roundabout
determination
resolve; firmness of purpose; measurement or calculation; decision
peerless
having no equal; incomparable
mobile
movable; not fixed; N. mobility
sultry
(of weather) hot; sweltering; sensual; voluptuous
banal
hackneyed; commonplace; trite; lacking originality; clich\'ed
prehensile
capable of grasping or holding (esp. by wrapping around); Ex. prehensile tails
unction
the act of anointing with oil; Ex. extreme unction
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repulsion
distaste; disgust; act of driving back; ADJ. repulsive: causing disgust; tending to drive away; V. repel (not `repulse')
deliberate
consider; ponder; ADJ: done on purpose; slow
carafe
glass water bottle; decanter
permissive
allowing much freedom; lenient; Ex. permissive society
touching
causing a feeling of pity or sympathy; pathetic; V. touch: cause to feel pity or sympathy; ADJ. touched
symmetry
arrangement of parts so that balance is obtained; congruity; ADJ. symmetrical
serpentine
winding; twisting; of or like a serpent; Ex. serpentine course of the river; N. serpent: snake
stymie
thwart; present an obstacle; stump
canvass
determine or seek opinions, votes, etc.; go through (a region) to solicit votes or orders; conduct a survey; N.