Unit 1 Review (chapters 1-3)

Terms in this set (40)

Mesopotamia
Social: (classes and gender roles) According to Hammurabi's code, lower classes were punished more harshly, women had a lower status than Egyptian women, must veil and they can't leave home
Political: city-states were ruled by the kinds, theocracy ( religious and political leaders were the same), each city-state had its own king, new civilizations were constantly moving through- Sumerians, Akkadians, Babylonians, (constant warfare between city states, people lived in walled cities for protection- urban population
Interaction: between humans and the environment. Geography: no natural boundaries, so they had lots of invaders, at the intersection of Tigris and Euphrates, constant overuse of land- soil erosion in later times
Culture: (religion, arts, architecture, and writing)- polytheistic, cuneiform, ziggurats (monumental architecture), Epic of Gilgamesh
Economy: trans regional trade with Indus Valley and Egypt. Ag based on wheat and Barley.

Egypt
Social: women had it better here than Mesopotamia, with powerful female goddesses, and even woman pharaohs (Hatsheput). The pharaoh was the supreme leader, and his generals and court were powerful in the society. Then came artisans and agriculturalists, and finally, slaves
Political: theocracy, the pharaoh was thought of as a god (orisis), Egypt was unified under the pharaoh which provided unity for many years. Cities were not as important, because they had so much natural protection, so many people lived in ag villages along the Nile
Interaction: The Egyptians lived in a very fertile land area, and they soil was good for the wheat and barley that they grew because of the flooding of the nile annually. Egypt was located along the nile (transportation and communication) and it was in a desert and surrounded by mountains, so it had great natural boundaries and protections
Culture: The Egyptians worshiped gods and godesses and had a much more positive outlook on the afterlife than the Mesopotamians, they believed that anyone could possibly make it to the afterlife if they had good morals. The pyramids were burial sites for the kings, and equipped with everything the mummified pharaohs would need in the afterlife. The Egyptians used hieroglyphics as writing.
Economy: Egypt traded trans regionally with Mesopotamia and African regions, and had a very strong economy because of its great agriculture
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