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TPS Science Shepherd Biology Vocabulary 21
Terms in this set (39)
A rod-shaped bacterial cell structure.
A rapid and large growth of bacteria or algae on the water surface.
An outer most layer of some Eubacteria species.
Bacteria that obtain their energy from inorganic substances.
To generate ATP from chemicals.
A spherical bacterial cell structure.
A bacterial cell shape which is not elongated enough to be a bacillus but not spherical enough to be a coccus.
Pairs of cocci.
A bacterial structure that forms in times of environmental stress. The endospore has the ability to develop into a new bacterial organism when conditions are favorable for growth.
Part of the outer membrane of the Gram-negative bacterial cell wall.
Protein chemicals secreted by Gram-positive bacteria that are harmful to host tissues.
Bacteria able to survive in extremely salty environments.
Bacteria that can live with or without oxygen.
Fuzzy coating of sugars on the capsule of some Eubacteria species.
Rod-shaped bacteria that do not retain the crystal violet stain during the Gram-stain procedure.
Coccus shaped bacteria which do not retain the crystal violet stain during the Gram-stain procedure.
Rod-shaped bacteria that retain the crystal violet during the gram-stain procedure.
Coccus-shaped bacteria that retain the crystal violet during the gram-stain procedure.
A way to stain bacterial cells.
Areas under the ocean surface where heat from the earth's interior superheats the water.
A class of chemosynthetic Archaebacteria that produces methane as part of obtaining their carbon.
One who studies bacteria.
Bacteria that require oxygen and die without it.
Bacteria that die in the presence of oxygen.
Species which obtain their nutrients from the body fluids or tissues of living hosts.
Able to cause disease.
Short chains of peptides and carbohydrates that make up the cell wall of the Eubacteria.
Bacteria that obtain their energy from the sun, and their carbon from CO2; photosynthetic bacteria.
Bacteria that obtain their energy from the sun and their carbon from organic matter.
Structure that helps bacteria stick to host cells.
Species that absorb their nutrients from dead and decaying matter.
In this chapter, this term refers to bacteria that normally live in the guts of grazing animals and humans. However, symbionts in general means that two or more organisms live together for the mutual benefit of the other.
Bacteria and host co-exist with no harmful effects to either one.
Bacteria that live in extremely hot temperatures.
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