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An educated guess

Scientific method

Problem solving procedure


a process of observing, studying, and thinking about things in the world to gain knowledge

Step 1 of the Scientific Method

Identify a question to be answered or a problem to be solved

Step 2 of the Scientific Method

Gather and organize information - research

Step 3 of the Scientific Method

Make or form a hypothesesis - a possible explanation based on previous knowledge and observation

Step 4 of the Scientific Method

Test the hypothesis - use an investigation to make observations and collect data

Step 5 of the Scientific Method

Analyze the results - determine the meaning of the observations and investigation results. Think critically to determine what the data mean.

Step 6 of the Scientific Method

Draw conclusions about the data collected.

Earth Science

the study of the Earth and space


different factors that can change in an experiment

independent variable

factor that changes in an experiment

dependent variable

the variable being measured


a standard to which your results can be compoared


the use of scientific discoveries for practical purposes

Scientific theory

an explanation or model backed by results obtained from many tests or experiments

Scientific law

A rule that describes the behavior of something in nature


The study of moral values about what is good or bad


Personal opinion

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