Upgrade to remove ads
U.S History Chapter 9; BJU Press
Terms in this set (58)
He was a delegate from Virginia at the Second Continental Congress and wrote the Declaration of Independence. He later served as the third President of the United States.
believed that people should control the government and that a simple government best suited the needs of the people. Reduced the size of the army, halted a planned expansion of the navy, and lowered expenses for government social functions. Eliminated internal taxes and reduced the power of the banks.
An amendment to the Constitution, adopted in 1804, that specifies the separate election of the president and vice president by the electoral college.
Chief Justice of the Supreme Court appointed by John Adams, created the precedent of judicial review; ruled on many early decisions that gave the federal government more power, especially the supreme court
Marbury v. Madison
The 1803 case in which Chief Justice John Marshall and his associates first asserted the right of the Supreme Court to determine the meaning of the U.S. Constitution. The decision established the Court's power of judicial review over acts of Congress, (the Judiciary Act of 1789).
The power of the Supreme Court to declare laws and actions of local, state, or national governments unconstitutional
Powers given to the federal government by the Constitution
Gibbons v. Ogden
This case involved New York trying to grant a monopoly on waterborne trade between New York and New Jersey. Judge Marshal, of the Supreme Court, sternly reminded the state of New York that the Constitution gives Congress alone the control of interstate commerce. Marshal's decision, in 1824, was a major blow on states' rights.
McCulloch v. Maryland
1819- A local state government was trying to tax the national bank and Supreme Court ruled that federal law was stronger than the state law
powers not specifically mentioned in the constitution
General; Emperor of France; he seized power in a coup d'état in 1799; he led French armies in conquering much of Europe, placing his relatives in positions of power. Defeated at the Battle of Waterloo, he was exiled on the island of Elba
The U.S., under Jefferson, bought the Louisiana territory from France, under the rule of Napoleon, in 1803. The U.S. paid $15 million for the Louisiana Purchase, and Napoleon gave up his empire in North America. The U.S. gained control of Mississippi trade route and doubled its size.
The captain of the Corps of Discovery who documented most of the plant and animal scientific discoveries; sent by Thomas Jefferson, this man led an expedition into Louisiana Territory with William Clark
A skilled mapmaker and outdoors man chosen to explore the Louisiana Territory Explorer; created accurate maps of the region
American soldier and explorer whom Pikes Peak in Colorada is named. His Pike expedition often compared to the lewis and Clark expedition, mapped much of the southern portion of the Louisiana Purchase
served as the 3rd Vice President of the United States. Member of the Republicans and President of the Senate during his Vice Presidency. He was defamed by the press, often by writings of Hamilton. Challenged Hamilton to a duel in 1804 and killed him.
Battle of Fallen Timbers
Native Americans in this 1794 battle lost against American forces led by Revolutionary war hero "Mad Anthony" Wayne; occurred near Ohio River close to modern Toledo
Treaty of Fort Greenville
Resulting from the Battle of Fallen Timbers, this treaty had Indians surrender all rights to the southern half of Ohio
William Henry Harrison
Son of Benjamin Harrison, governor of Virginia and signer of the Declaration of Independence, aided Wayne in the Fallen Timers campaign, later became governor of the Indian Territory
A Shawnee chief who, along with his brother, Tenskwatawa, a religious leader known as The Prophet, worked to unite the Northwestern Indian tribes. The league of tribes was defeated by an American army led by William Henry Harrison at the Battle of Tippecanoe in 1811. Tecumseh was killed fighting for the British during the War of 1812 at the Battle of the Thames in 1813.
Tecumseh's brother. He tried to help unite the Northwest Indian tribes in their struggle against the onslaught of US settlers.
Battle of Tippecanoe
Battle in 1811 between Americans and Native Americans. Tecumseh and the Prophet attempted to oppress white settlement in the West, but defeated by William Henry Harrison. Led to talk of Canadian invasion and served as a cause to the War of 1812.
1807 - The American ship Chesapeake refused to allow the British on the Leopard to board to look for deserters. In response, the Leopard fired on the Chesapeake. As a result of the incident, the U.S. expelled all British ships from its waters until Britain issued an apology.
British practice of taking American sailors and forcing them into military service
signed by thomas jefferson in 1807 - stop export of all american goods and american ships from sailing for foreign ports
"Mad Anthony" Wayne
Hero of American Revolution that George Washington selected to conquer the hostile Indians in the Ohio Territory
Republican successor to Thomas Jefferson; 4th President of USA
Replaced the Embargo Act; Restored some international trade , but also offered to restore trade with Britain or France if either would lift their trade restrictions.
Macon's Bill Number Two
Came after the Non-Intercourse Act in hopes to better it; This act would restore all international trade; US would offer to restore trade to whatever country (Britain or France) would repeal their anti-trade restrictions first, and the US would also prohibit trade to whichever country didn't.
(1806-1810) Dealt with trade policies and would lead to the War of 1812
(1806) France; No vessel coming from any British port shall be received at any European port of France or its allies
Orders in Council
(1807) Britain; Any vessels coming to or from enemy ports shall be subject to capture unless they first put in at a British port, pay a fee, and obtain a certificate
Pro-war and extremely nationalistic people who would be elected to the House
Nationalist Congressman from Kentucky; Developed "american system" wrote Missouri Compromise
John C. Calhoun
War Hawk from South Carolina; Pushed for war with Britain
Mr. Madison's War
War of 1812 was named this by people who opposed the war and thought that it was all about Madison
American vessel that helped defeat British ships; nicknamed "Old Ironside"
Oliver Hazard Perry
American captain who built his own ships and dragged canons and ammunition through the Wilderness to Lake Erie, and used Kentucky militiamen as sailors
Battle of Lake Erie
Perry defeats British fleet
Battle of Thames
Tecumseh killed in battle; British-Indians lose against US
Battle of Bladensburg
British scattered a large force of American militia and cleared a path to the Nations capital
British troops moved from Washington to Baltimore; but this fort was pretty good; British would abandon trying to fight after 3 days
Tenessee general was ordered to help the friendly Creeks and fight against British; Would become the 7th President.
Nickname of Andy Jackson
Battle of Horseshoe Bend
Jackson defeats unfriendly Creeks and almost annihiliated them
Battle of New Orleans
Stunning victory of 1812; Made Jackson the most famous hero of the war
Treaty of Ghent
December 24th, 1812 - ended hostilities, but there was slow communications
First lady; helped save paintings and artifacts when Washington was burned
Succeeded James Madison as President. 5th President of USA
Era of Good Feelings
The name given for Monroe's two terms in office which had the glow of postwar triumph, a popular president in office, and the collapse of all political opposition to the Republicans
Representatives of the New England states, and mostly federalists, met to discuss their opposition to the war; they said that New England would secede from the Union if their demands aren't met. But, there was no longer a need after the Treaty of Ghent & Battle of New Orleans
(1817) One of the first and most important agreements between the US and Great Britain which called for disarmament in the Great Lakes. This treaty has the distinction of being one of the few disarmament treaties in history that has succeeded.
Withdrawal of military troops or weapons
John Quincy Adams
Sixth President of the US and former Secretary of State. In 1819, he drew up the Adams-Onis Treaty. The Monroe Doctrine was mostly Adams' work.
Treaty which called for Spain to sell Florida territory to the US in 1821 for $5 million. This meant that the US could now possess all territory south of Canada and east of Mississippi.
This Venezuelan statesman was the most important revolutionary leader in the struggle for independence in South America, helped to liberate Bolivia, Venezuela, Colombia, Ecuador, Panama, and Peru
Jose de San Martin
Argentinian general and statesman leader in South America who was prominent in winning independence for Argentina, Peru, and Chile; appointed protector of Peru
President James Monroe's statement of foreign policy which proclaimed that Europe should not interfere in affairs within the United States or in the development of other countries in the Western Hemisphere.
YOU MIGHT ALSO LIKE...
BJU US History Chapter 9
BJU US History Chapter 9
Chapter 9- THE JEFFERSONIAN ERA
Chapter 9 (US History BJU)
OTHER SETS BY THIS CREATOR
BJU US History Chapter 11
Chapter 9 BJU US history
US History BJU chapter 8
Lit: Mark Twain and Huck Finn