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Praxis 5081 - Social Studies
Terms in this set (43)
Compromise of 1850
The Compromise of 1850 called for the admission of California as a free state; the strengthening of the Fugitive Slave Law; popular sovereignty in Utah and New Mexico concerning the question of slavery; the abolition of the slave trade in D.C.; and the federal assumption of Texas's debt.
Missouri Compromise (1820)
An act of Congress (1820) by which Missouri was admitted as a slave state, Maine as a free state, and slavery was prohibited in the Louisiana Purchase north of latitude 36°30′N, except for Missouri.
The act of Congress in 1854 annulling the Missouri Compromise, providing for the organization of the territories of Kansas and Nebraska, and permitting these territories self-determination on the question of slavery.
During FDR's terms in office, what social program still used today was created?
Lyndon B. Johnson's "Great Society"
The Great Society was a set of domestic programs in the United States launched by Democratic President Lyndon B. Johnson in 1964-65. The main goal was the elimination of poverty and racial injustice.
Civil Rights Act of 1964
Just ended segregation.
Vietnam War was fought against the regime of North Vietnam.
Korean War was fought against the regime of North Korea.
What did NAFTA accomplish?
It initiated free trade between the US, Mexico, and Canada, facilitating and strengthening trade between these three countries.
Is believed to have been transmitted from Allah to Muhammad and is the holy book of Islam.
The Peloponnesian War
the dominant Hellenic powers, Athens and Sparta, went to war with each other.
Early hominids exhibited the use of tools.
Period before metalworking was invented.
Humans began to create tools, weapons, and other objects made of metal.
Humans began working with copper and tin, creating stronger tools and weapons.
Opium Wars consequences
Resulted in unequal trade treaties favoring Britain.
Treaty of Westaphalia
marked the end of the Thirty Years' War.
British imperialism in Africa.
A period of modernization and westernization in Japan.
Why did the framers institute a system of checks and balances?
They were concerned about one branch gaining too much power.
What can Congress do if the Supreme Court declares a law unconstitutional?
They must amend the Constitution.
If no presidential candidate wins a majority in the Electoral College, how is the president chosen?
House of Representatives
Political Action Committees
The amount of money they can contribute in each election is restricted.
How are district courts and appellate courts different?
An appellate court reviews previous court decisions.
How can a president be removed from office?
The House votes by a majority to impeach the president, the Senate delivers a guilty verdict with a two-thirds vote.
John Locke's theory of social contract inspired which section of the Constitution?
The International Date Line is
180 degrees from the Prime Meridian. It is where the date changes when following time zones around the world. It is located almost entirely in the ocean.
What is the biggest difference between Stage Two to Stage Three of the Demographic Transition Model (DTM)?
The slowing of the birth rate. This occurs as women are given more opportunities and societal views about their purpose shift.
The only unorganized territory left in the world.
What does a push factor for migration do?
It pushes people out of their country.
What is agglomeration?
It is the bunching together of like industries in order to reduce costs by sharing resources.
What is a geometric political boundary?
When the border is drawn with a straight line with little to no regard for physical features.
Where are periphery countries?
They are all in Africa, parts of Asia, and parts of South America.
What is secondary geographic data?
It is a representation of data collected.
Which sense is the most different at birth compared to adulthood?
Bandura's theory that personality is the result of the interaction between the individual, their behavior, and their environment.
What is the primary goal of sociology?
Conduct research applicable to social policy and common welfare.
What are the three major perspectives of sociology?
Symbolic interactionism, conflict theory, and functionalism.
Three major sociologists?
Max Weber, Emile Durkheim, Karl Marx
What are the basic factors of production?
land, labor, and capital
What is opportunity cost?
The idea that whenever an individual makes a choice, he or she is giving up on something else.
What is production utility?
A product's utility is the amount of happiness it brings to the consumer.
What does PPC present?
It simply predicts production, not demand
What is a command economy?
The government determines all aspects of production.
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