Government Chapter 1 Vocabulary
Terms in this set (40)
a political community that occupies a definite territory and has an organized government with the power to make and enforce laws without approval from any higher authority.
group of people united by race, language, custom, tradition, and sometimes religion.
a country in which the territory of both the nation and the state coincide.
an agreement about basic beliefs.
the supreme and absolute authority within territorial boundaries.
the institution through which the state maintains social order, provides public services, and enforces binding decisions on citizens.
theory that by contract, people surrender to the state the power needed to maintain order and the state, in turn, agrees to protect its citizens.
a government that gives all key powers to the national government.
a government that divides the powers of government between the national government and the state governments.
a loose union of independent states.
a plan that provides rules for government.
a government in which the constitution has authority to place clearly recognized limits on powers of those who govern.
a statement in the constitution that sets forth the goals and purposes of government.
law that involves the interpretation and application of the U.S. constitutions and state constitutions.
the effort to control or influence the conduct and policies of government.
a nation with large industries and advanced technology that provides a more comfortable way of life than developing nations.
a nation only in the beginning stages of industrialization.
a system of government in which the power to rule is in the hands of a single individual.
autocracy in which a king, queen, or emperor exercise supreme power of the government.
a system of government in which a small group holds power.
government in which the people rule.
a government in which voters hold sovereign power, and elected representatives exercise that power.
a group of individuals with common interests who organize to nominate candidates for office, win elections, conduct government, and determine public policy.
the opportunity to control one's own economic decisions.
the study of human efforts to satisfy unlimited wants through the use of limited resources.
a economic system providing free choice and individual incentive for workers, investors, consumers, and business enterprises.
economic system in which buyers and sellers make free choices in the marketplace.
the philosophy that government should keep its hands off the economy.
an economic system in which the government owns the basic means of production, distributes products and wages, and provides social services such as health care and welfare.
an economic system in which the central government directs all major economic decisions.
an economic system in which the government controls the factors of production.
ancient Greek philosopher and scientist
an English philosopher who is considered one of the founders of modern political philosophy
an English philosopher and physician, widely regarded as one of the most influential of Enlightenment thinkers and commonly known as the "Father of Liberalism".
a collection of 85 articles and essays written under the pseudonym "Publius" by Alexander Hamilton, James Madison, and John Jay to promote the ratification of the United States Constitution.
"one person, one vote"
The rule that, under the Equal Protection Clause of the Constitution, legislative voting districts must be the same in population size
originally and generally, "those who live in the borough", that is to say, the people of the city, as opposed to those of rural areas;
in a capitalist society whose only possession of significant material value is their labour-power
a Scottish economist, philosopher and author as well as a moral philosopher, a pioneer of political economy and a key figure during the Scottish Enlightenment era
a philosopher, economist, historian, political theorist, sociologist, journalist and revolutionary socialist. Born in Trier to a middle-class family, Marx later studied political economy and Hegelian philosophy.