62 terms

4th grade ELA Vocab

Review of CCSS ELA vocabulary for 4th grade
STUDY
PLAY
inference
drawing a conclusion from evidence rather that information being stated directly. suggest, read between the lines
explicit
clearly expressed
theme
the message or lesson the author wants to teach the reader
summary
briefly giving the gist of something, "the short version"
character
person or animal in a story
setting
time and place of a story
event
something that happens in a story
drama
written for a play
prose
ordinary writing; not poetry
structural element
organization of a writing
point of view
perspective of the story from first person (I) or third person (narrator)
compare/contrast
how two characters or themes are the same and different
reading strategy
helps the reader think about and understand what he/she is reading. (predict, visualize, connect to life, infer, etc)
comprehension
understanding the meaning
main idea
the central idea in a story, what the writer wants you to remember most
concept
idea
text structure
how information is written in a text: cause and effect, compare and contrast, description, sequence, problem and solution
fluency
reading phrases quickly and smoothly
context clue
finding out the meaning of an unknown word by studying the words surrounding it in the sentence
opinion
a belief, without proof
narrative
a story
sensory detail
using your senses: hearing, seeing, smelling, tasting, touching
transition
a word or phrase that connects one part of the story to the next part
conclusion
ending; wraps up ideas
purpose
the reason something is written: to inform, to entertain, to describe, to persuade
audience
the reader, who the story is for
edit
correcting writing: fixing grammar, spelling, punctuation
revision
to change or alter ideas
publish
final copy of a writing
credible website
a site that can be believed to be true and free from opinion
research
study and learning about a topic
analysis
studying closely the small parts of the story (characters, setting) to make meaning of the story
reflection
careful thought about something
paraphrase
restating what has been written in your own words
supporting details
ideas that prove the main idea
evidence
that which proves or disproves something
relevant
having a direct connection to what one is reading or discussing
pronoun
a word that takes the place of a noun (example: use "he" instead of "Michael" ) (he, she, we, I, you, etc)
adverb
a word that describes a verb. often ends in -ly.
He quickly ran.
adjective
a word that describes a noun. The excited student ran for the gate.
preposition
...location or position in relation to another object
fragment
...part of a sentence, not a complete thought
run-on sentence
...two or more main ideas not separated by a period
dialogue
...conversation between two or more people
quotation marks
...marks used to show the exact words that are spoken "
compound sentence
...Two ideas joined together with a comma and a conjunction (and, or, but)
root
...a word or word part from which other words grow (by adding prefixes and suffixes)
affix
...a prefix or suffix added to a base word or root to create a new word
simile
...comparing two words or ideas using the word "like" or "as"
coordinating conjunction
...a word that connects two words, sentences, or phrases
metaphor
...comparing two ideas without using "like" or "as"
idiom
...an expression or word that means something different from what is written (raining cats and dogs)
figurative language
...Simile ,Hyperbole, Onomatopoeia, Idiom, Metephor, Personification, Alliteration, (special additions )
synonym
...words that have similar meanings
antonym
...words that have opposite meanings
analyze
figure out or examine in detail
evaluate
measure, look at good and bad points, draw your own conclusions
formulate
create, put together, make a plan
describe
tell, show in words what it looks like
support
give additional information, "back it up," give reasons
explain
tell about it, talk about it, give reasons
predict
to state what you believe will happen