Government Chapter 11 Vocabulary
Terms in this set (19)
The authority of a court to hear a case
Authority for both state and federal courts to hear and decide cases
the court in which a case is originally tried
The authority of a court to hear an appeal from a lower court.
court which has the authority to hear a case first
people engaged in a lawsuit
due process clause
14th amendment clause stating that no state may deprive a person of life, liberty, or property without due process of law
"separate but equal"
Supreme Court doctrine established in the case of Plessy v. Ferguson. Allowed state-required racial segregation in places of public accommodation as long as the facilities were equal.
Brown v Board of Education Topeka
Outlawed segregation in public schools.
Federal courts that Congress has formed under Article III
lower district trial court has original jurisdiction
a jury, normally of 16-23 jurors, selected to examine the validity of an accusation before trial.
formal accusation by grand jury
6-12 people who render a verdict (innocent or guilty)
Regions; 12 in total with 1 appellate court (court of appeals) in each circuit
helps congress exercise its power
president asks senator for approval of an appointee
riding the circuit
traveling around an area to hold court
a detailed explanation of the legal thinking behind a court's decision in a case