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Chapter 38: endocrine system function and assessment

hormone function
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Stimulates protein synthesis and growth
growth hormone
converts glycogen to glucose in the liver
glucagon, epinephrine
increase energy production and protein synthesis
t4 and t3
increases water reabsorption by the kidneys
antidiuretic hormone (ADH), aldosterone
promotes reabsorption of sodium and excretion of potassium by the kidneys
aldosterone
moves calcium from blood to bones
calcitonin
promotes release of throxine and t3 by the thyroid gland
thryoid stimulating hormone (TSH)
promotes release of cortisol by the adrenal cortex
ACTH
increases blood level of calcium
parathyroid hormone (PTH)
lowers blood glucose
insulin
dilates bronchioles, increases heart rate
epinephrine
reduces inflammation, raises blood glucose level
cortisol
Jill has a serum glucose level of 600. which hormones might be involved?
insulin (decreased), glucagon (increased), cortisol, somatostatin, epinephrine
jennifer has a lot of very dilute urine. which hormone might be deficient?
ADH, aldosterone
bobs heart rate is 120 beats per minute. which hormones can raise the heart rate?
epinephrine, t3 and t4
phils TSH is low. which glands could be malfunctioning?
thyroid, pituitary
bevs bones are weak and brittle. which hormone could be at fault?
PTH (increases serum calcium level) or lack of calcitonin
Gina is retaining a lot of water. which hormones could be at fault?
?
jack is receiving injections of ACTH for multiple sclerosis. which hormone is the physician attempting to stimulate?
cortisol
bob just learned that he scored 100% on his test. which hormone is going to give him a rush of excitement?
epinephrine
ruth just ate a meal high in carbohydrates. which hormone will be secreted in response?
insulin
don is 12 years old and 6 feet tall. which hormone will the pediatrician measure?
growth hormone
decreases reabsorption of calcium from bones to blood
calcitonin
increases energy production
thyroid hormone
increases rate of mitosis
growth hormone
increases water retention by kidneys
antidiuretic hormone