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history exam sem1
Terms in this set (31)
used VERTICAL INTEGRATION to buy it all his supplies for steel. Also used HORIZONTAL INTEGRATION, to buy out competing steel producers
New York World, pioneer of yellow journalism, competition with William Randolph Hearst for better journalism
Is best known for founding Hull House in Chicago. The settlement houses helped cultivate social responsibility toward the urban poor.
A leading poet of the Harlem Renaissance. He wrote "The Negro Speaks of Rivers" and "My People" Described the difficult lives of working-class African Americans
Received assistance from the federal Writer's Project. Able to publish The Grapes of Wrath(1939), reveals lives of Oklahomans who left the dust bowl and go to Cali.
Nicola Sacco and Bartolomeo Vanzetti
Italian anarchists convicted and executed for murder despite scarce evidence against them, for murdering and robbing, both died from execution
attorney general who authorized anti-radical raids and deportations....Raids failed to turn up evidence of revolutionary conspiracies
31st President of the United States....Ask the factories to give more jobs to people during the Great Depression, mostly blame for the Bonus Army.
Franklin D. Roosevelt
President of the US during Great Depression and World War II....created the New Deal to help Americans get back on their feet, help create Social Security and Regulation of Banks
American pilot who made the first non-stop flight across the Atlantic Ocean.
James Weldon Johnson
American poet and part of the Harlem Renaissance, lawyer, NAACP executive secretary- the organization fought for legislation to protect African-American rights
U.S. Secretary of Labor from 1933 to 1945, and the first woman ever appointed to the cabinet.
wife of Franklin Roosevelt and a strong advocate of human rights (1884-1962), traveled the country informing her husband and reminding him people are in poverty
urban sprawl in 1920s
many people left farming communities and moved to cities like Chicago, New York, and Phili.
Teapot Dome Scandal
U.S. navy secretary Albert B. Fall sold priceless naval oil to Sinclair and Doheny after a bribe of 400,000 in Teapot Dome, Wyoming and Elk Hills, Cali.
A total ban on the sale and consumption of alcohol, created speakeasies and many people smuggled alcohol.
The Harlem Renaissance
a flowering of African-American artistic creativity during the 1920s, centered in the Harlem community of New York City
The Great Migration
The large scale movement of Africans Americans from the South to Northern cities in the early 20th century to be free from racism
The National Association for the Advancement of Colored People-an organization founded in 1909 to promote full racial equality
Causes of the Great Depression
1. Tariffs on foreign goods
2. The availability of easy credit
3. A crisis in the farm sector (dustbowl)
The Bonus Army
WWI veterans who march to Washington DC to demand their bonus early, their camps were set on fire, Hoover took the blame, but it was actually a general McArthur that did it
the region, including Texas, Oklahoma, Kansas, Colorado,and New Mexico, that was made worthless for farming by drought and dust storms during the 1930s
destroyed crops and lengthened the Great Depression
New Deal Goals
Relieve Unemployed, Exercise Plans for Recovery, and Prevent another Depression
New Deal Legislation
expanded the role of government in the economy and society.
The Grapes of Wrath (1939)
John (Ernst) Steinbeck, a story during the civil war about farmers in Oklahoma who left the dustbowl to move to Cali, where hardships continued.
(2) candidates in 1932 presidential election direct relief
Hoover was against direct relief
FDR was for it
(2) New deal programs that were found unconstitutional
Agricultural Adjustment Act (AAA) - sought to raise crop prices by lowering production, which the government achieved by paying farmers to leave a certain amount of every acre unseeded
National Industrial Recovery Act (NIRA) -provided money to states to create jobs chiefly in the construction of schools and other community buildings, which made failed to make a sufficient dent in unemployment
The Lost Generation
In literature, the "Lost Generation" refers to a group of writers and poets who were men and women of this period. All were American, but several members emigrated to Europe. The most famous members were Gertrude Stein, Ernest Hemingway, F. Scott Fitzgerald, and T. S.
clash of values 1920s
return to normalcy, scopes trail, communism
anti communist propaganda
help increased the red scare, frighten people more about communists taking over America
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