the scene presented, the story; the action's time and place; the persons involved; and the environment and its details
"writing with images," study of symbols
the people or group that pays artists to make individual works or employed them on a continuous basis
how an artist organizes forms in an artwork
create an illusion of depth or space on a two-dimensional form
produced the illusion that one part of the body is farther way than another; even though all the forms are on the same surface
the relationships (in terms of size) of the parts of person, buildings, or objects
systems, "correct" or "ideal" proportions for representing human figures, parts of buildings
the objects project from the background and remains a part of it
single standing stons
an arrangement of huge stones in a circle
Post and lintel
a system of construction in which two ports support a lintel
in ancient Mesopotamian architecture a monumental platform for a temple
a gift of gratitude to a deity usually made in fulfillment of a vow
the chamber at the center of an ancient temple; in a classical temple, the room in which the cult statue usually stood
one of a series of superimposed band or friezes in a pictorial narriative, or particular levels on which motifs are placed
blue semiprecious gemstone
carved stone slab erected to commemorate a historical event or to mark a grave
Hierarchy of scale
artistic convention in which greater size indicated greater importance
in sculpture, figures projecting from a background of which they are a part of, the degree of relief is low
in ancient Egypt, the immortal human life force
a system of writing using symbols or pictures
plant used to make a paper-like writing material
a half-round column attached to a wall
a technique used by the ancient Egyptians to preserve human bodies so that they may serve as the eternal home of the immortal Ka
key to deciphering Egyptian hieroglyphic writing
a roofed colonnade, also an entrance porch
vertical channeling, roughly semicircular in cross section
a series or row of columns, usually spanned by lintels
usually the front of a building, also the other sides when they are emphasized architecturally
a male figure that functions as a supporting column, caryatid (female)
tall, four-sided shaft of stone, usually tapered and monolithic that rises to a pointed pyramidal top
a simple and massive gateway with slopping walls
one where columns support the roof
architectural term denoting an upper level of a building, the walls of which rise above the rooflines of the lower aisles and are pierced with windows. The purpose of the clerestory is to give light to the inner space of a large building.
painting on lime plaster either (fresco secco) or wet (true or buon fresco), in the latter method, the pigments are mixed with water and become chemically bound to the freshly laid lime plaster
the same figure appears more than once in the same space at different stages of a story
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