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39 terms

Art History 1 Vocabulary

STUDY
PLAY
Narrative
the scene presented, the story; the action's time and place; the persons involved; and the environment and its details
Genre
daily life
Iconography
"writing with images," study of symbols
Patrons
the people or group that pays artists to make individual works or employed them on a continuous basis
Composition
how an artist organizes forms in an artwork
Perspective
create an illusion of depth or space on a two-dimensional form
Foreshortening
produced the illusion that one part of the body is farther way than another; even though all the forms are on the same surface
Proportion
the relationships (in terms of size) of the parts of person, buildings, or objects
Cannons
systems, "correct" or "ideal" proportions for representing human figures, parts of buildings
Relief sculptures
the objects project from the background and remains a part of it
Menhirs
single standing stons
Cromlech
an arrangement of huge stones in a circle
Post and lintel
a system of construction in which two ports support a lintel
Ziggurat
in ancient Mesopotamian architecture a monumental platform for a temple
Diety
a god or goddess
Votive offering
a gift of gratitude to a deity usually made in fulfillment of a vow
Cella
the chamber at the center of an ancient temple; in a classical temple, the room in which the cult statue usually stood
Registers
one of a series of superimposed band or friezes in a pictorial narriative, or particular levels on which motifs are placed
Lapis lazuli
blue semiprecious gemstone
Stele
carved stone slab erected to commemorate a historical event or to mark a grave
Hierarchy of scale
artistic convention in which greater size indicated greater importance
Bas-relief
in sculpture, figures projecting from a background of which they are a part of, the degree of relief is low
Ka
in ancient Egypt, the immortal human life force
Hieroglyphics
a system of writing using symbols or pictures
Papyrus
plant used to make a paper-like writing material
Engaged columns
a half-round column attached to a wall
Mummification
a technique used by the ancient Egyptians to preserve human bodies so that they may serve as the eternal home of the immortal Ka
Rosetta stone
key to deciphering Egyptian hieroglyphic writing
Portico
a roofed colonnade, also an entrance porch
Fluted columns
vertical channeling, roughly semicircular in cross section
Colonnade
a series or row of columns, usually spanned by lintels
Facade
usually the front of a building, also the other sides when they are emphasized architecturally
Atlantid
a male figure that functions as a supporting column, caryatid (female)
Obelisk
tall, four-sided shaft of stone, usually tapered and monolithic that rises to a pointed pyramidal top
Pylon
a simple and massive gateway with slopping walls
Hypostyle hall
one where columns support the roof
Clerestory
architectural term denoting an upper level of a building, the walls of which rise above the rooflines of the lower aisles and are pierced with windows. The purpose of the clerestory is to give light to the inner space of a large building.
Fresco
painting on lime plaster either (fresco secco) or wet (true or buon fresco), in the latter method, the pigments are mixed with water and become chemically bound to the freshly laid lime plaster
Continuous narration
the same figure appears more than once in the same space at different stages of a story