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Soph Theology Final Exam
Terms in this set (54)
Explain the following rational arguments for the existence of God:
Order and Design in the universe
1. CAUSALITY:Everything we experience has a cause, and this series of causes cannot be traced back infinitely. We must eventually come to a being which has no cause. It is illogical to say that everything has a cause, but the universe has no cause (appeared spontaneously). 2. ORDER AND DESIGN: Things DONT design themselves; they disintegrate. Design requires energy intelligence and will. God is the ultimate designer of the universe. 3. HISTORY: At all times and in all places, people have believed in God in some way and have tried to worship him. 4.BEAUTY: has no function for survival, yet we observe it in the universe. God is the ultimate source of this beauty and it leads us back to God.
Attribute of God: Eternal
God has no beginning and no end. He always has been and always will be.
What is an angel?
A purely spiritual being (non corporeal). Has intelligence and will. Immortal. Do not have physical bodies
What is the main mission of the guardian angels?
To guide the human soul to heaven
What is the origin of Satan and the demons?
Lucifer a previous angle rebelled against God and became corrupted wicked and evil. 1/3 of the angel population followed him
Why is it forbidden by God (in Scripture and Church teaching) for human beings to take part in magic, witchcraft, and other occult practices?
These invite the demons into our lives. They take us off the path to God. They promise instant answers but they are lies.
What are the four truths revealed in Genesis about the creation of the cosmos (the visible world)?
(God created out of nothing "ex Nihlo") 1) god created with order and purpose 2) the universe is intelligible (can be understood rationally, not through superstition 3) God created all things good and beautiful 4)God created human beings in his image and likeness with body and soul
Which of the three Persons of the Blessed Trinity were active in the creation of the world?
all three: Father, Son and Holy Spirit
How do the truths revealed in Genesis fit together with the scientific data of evolution?
Since God created the world (which we know by science) and He allowed for human reason, they can never contradict. Both came from him.
"Challenges to the Faith": What is the main difference between atheistic evolution and creation/theistic evolution?
List 2 claims about human beings that atheistic evolution holds - which contradict Divine Revelation about human beings.
"Human life has no purpose beyond survival and physical enjoyment." and "Humans make choices based on biological determinism (instinct). There is no free will. " 1) there is no afterlife vs. Jesus came to earth to save us from Hell, and it is referenced many times in the Bible. 2) human life has no purpose beyond survival and physical enjoyment vs. God created us in his image and we have immortal souls giving us human dignity
Genesis relates that human beings are made in the "image and likeness of God." What aspect of human beings reflects the "image of God"?
we have intellect and will
Has a beginning
List and define the 3 higher spiritual faculties:
1) intellect - ability to know and reason
2) will - ability to choose freely
3) heart -seat of desire/integrating faculty
List and define the 3 lower faculties:
feelings - physical sensations
passions - strong inner impulses
instincts - inner drives that are necessary to preserve physical life
What is the role of the higher faculties over the lower faculties?
to keep order within them and guide them so they don't overrule us
What is the Christian view of the body? (refer to 1 Corinthians 6:20)
We are to honor God with our bodies because God created us and also paid the price for our freedom by dying on the cross.
secular attitude - we are machines, we "own" ourselves, lack of self respect
What are the 4 truths about man and woman that we learn from Genesis?
God created man and woman equal in dignity
God created man and woman complementary
God made human sexuality for specific purposes
God established marriage to create a "communion of persons" in the framily: an image of the Holy Trinity
Differences between men and women that are meant to support and strengthen each other.
What are the two purposes for which God created human sexuality?
procreation and union
What are the positive purposes of the virtue of chastity.
The virtue that guards and protects love and the proper use of human sexuality.
Challenges to the Faith: What is the "Sexual Revolution"?
A wide-spread social movement beginning in the 1960s that rejected sexual morality and God's commandments regarding chastity. Presents sexual freedom as the highest freedom.
According to God's plan, marriage is indissoluble and fruitful. What do these two things mean?
Indissoluble -Because God creates each marriage bond, no human effort can break it.
Fruitful -Marital love is intended by God to bring forth new human lives (children).
List the 4 preternatural gifts that Adam and Eve had before the Fall.
1. freedom from suffering 2. freedom from death 3. integrity (the passions and instincts were perfectly ruled by the intellect/will) 4. infused knowledge
What 3 types of sin were involved in Original Sin?
Pride - "being like gods" "deciding for ourselves what is right and wrong, good and evil
Because of original sin, human nature is wounded. What are the two physical wounds or effects of original sin on the body?
Suffering and death
List AND define each of the four wounds to the soul (spiritual wounds).
-Conflict in relationships
What is the social wound or effect of sin on our relationships?
conflict in relationships
an offense against God in thoughts/words/actions
Define venial sin:
a sin that weakens sanctifying grace, but doesn't destroy it
Define mortal sin:
a sin that destroys sanctifying grace in the soul
the mystery of God becoming flesh for our salvatioin
Why did the Word become Flesh? List the 4 reasons from the CCC.
To save us by reconciling us with God.
So we might know God's love.
To be our model of holiness.
To make us partakers in the divine nature through sanctifying grace.
What is the Paschal Mystery?
The Passion, death, resurrection, and ascension of Jesus Christ.
List and be able to explain the 5 proofs for the Divinity of Christ.
1. He fulfills all the ancient prophecies. 2. He works miracles over nature, illness, death. 3. His moral character is sinless 4. resurrection from the dead 5. witness of the apostles
Why is Jesus Christ different from every other spiritual teacher or founder of a world religion?
He claimed to be truly God and truly man
For what purpose did Christ reveal to us the "eternal truths"?
to show us the way to eternity
How is it that the eternal destiny (heaven or hell) is something a person freely chooses for him or herself, rather than something God chooses for him/her?
God doesn't force us to reject him, that is our choice. we have free will to choose or not choose God. God respects our choice which we live out throughout our lives and at the moment of our death, and allows for the just consequence or reward.
What is required to enter heaven? (In other words, how does a person attain salvation?)
sanctifying grace and.. confession
In the Garden of Gethsemane, why did Jesus suffer such terrible anxiety?
he knew not everyone would accept his offer on the cross/ to show the importance of prayer
Why did Jesus freely undergo such horrible suffering and death?
to atone for our sins and show us the great depth of his love
What two things does Christ's Passion show us? (pages 87-90)
the seriousness of sins and an overwhelming testimony of the extent of God's love
Why did the atonement for sin have to be offered by a person who was both God and man? (pages 87-90)
because man caused the death for all, so God's justice demand that a man repay it, but the debt was so great that a man alone could not do so, so he had to be both man and God
Write out the definition for Holy Trinity (5 pts) short answer
There is one true God in three divine Persons: Father, Son, and Holy Spirit
Write out the definition of sanctifying grace (4 pts) short answer
The free gift of God's divine life, which is infused in the soul at baptism and is needed for salvation.
List the 3 conditions necessary for a sin to be a mortal sin (3 pts) short answer
-It is a serious or grave matter.
-Full knowledge: knowing it is wrong
-Complete Consent: freely choosing to do it
List the four reasons "why the Word became flesh." (4 pts) short answer
- To save us by reconciling us with God.
- So we might know God's love.
- To be our model of holiness.
- To make us partakers in the divine nature through sanctifying grace.
attribute of God omnipresent
God can be present in all places and all things
attribute of God omniscient
God is all knowing
attribute of God omnipotent
God is all powerful. all power belongs to God
attribute of God creator
Anything that exists is made by God
attribute of God merciful
He is goodness, compassion, patient. He forgives us and calls us back. Gives us more than we deserve
attribute of God Love
God wills goodness for us. He wants us to receive what is good.
has a beginning, will exist forever from then on
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