Social Studies Ch1
Lesson 1 & 2, Measuring Time
Terms in this set (35)
the study of people and events of the past, History explains why things are the way they are
people who study history; Historian's job is to examine the causes, or reasons, that something happened in the past
a large division of time; Historians divide the past into large blocks of time
decade, century, millennium
a group or set of 10 years, 100 years, 1000 years
a system for arranging days in order, there are about 40 different calendars
developed by Julius Caesar and started counting years at the "founding" (creation) of Rome
created by Pope Gregory 13th and started counting from the birth of Jesus
B.C. and A.D.
B.C. means Before Christ, 1 B.C. is the year before A.D. 1, there is no year 0; A.D. = anno domini and means "In the year of the Lord"
a way to track time; timelines show the order of events within a period of time
the study of objects to learn about past human life; Archaeologists study the past by looking at what people left behind
an object made by people; Archaeologists study artifacts to learn what life was like in the past
the study of fossils;
the remains of plant and animal life that have been preserved from an earlier time
the study of human culture and how it develops over time; Anthropologists study artifacts and fossils also to look for clues about what people valued and believed
a class of individuals with similar physical characteristics; all modern humans belong to "Homo sapiens" species
What is a historical Era
History is broken into 4 Historical Eras: Prehistory, Ancient History, Middle Ages and Modern History. An Era is used by Historians to indentify and describe when things happened
Artifact vs. Fossil
Artifact is an object made, Fossils are the remains of plant and animal life. Artifacts show what was valued, fossils do not.
something that shows proof that something is true; Historians use evidence to answer historical questions and interpret the past
firsthand evidence of an event in history; written or created by the people who saw or experienced an event
a document or written work created after an event; they are created by people who were NOT part of the historical event
document or reference work
What does a Historian do?
Historians look for Evidence they find in historical Sources to interpret what happened in the past. They evaluate a Source's Point of View to determine if it is trustworthy and reliable then interpret the information to draw conclusions and make inferences
Point of View
A personal attitude about people or life; people who write Primary Sources use their own points of view to decide what information is important and what is not.
An unreasoned, emotional judgment about people and events; these Sources cannot be trusted
a decision reached after examining evidence; a final decision reached by reasoning
something or someone concerned with academic learning or research
limited, having boundaries; example: the study of Pompeii is a finite place and time
an explanation of the meaning of something; Historians interpret (explain the meaning of) facts
Primary Source is different than Secondary because..
Primary Sources are written by people who experienced the event; Secondary Sources are written by those who did not
Why does a Historian have to understand Point of View?
Historians have to understand the Point of View of the person who wrote a Source to know what that person thought was most important and what might be missing
Why does drawing a Conclusion come at the end of a research process?
It is the final decision reached by reasoning, therefore it must come at the end of the research to include all the facts
How does a primary Source help a historian understand the past?
Since Primary Sources are written by people who saw or experienced an event; Historians learn what people were while the events took place.
Why do some historians differ in their interpretations of historical events?
The evidence can explain two different interpretations and conclusions