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Introduction to Missions: Chapter 1
Terms in this set (34)
An imaginary rectangular window between the tenth and the fortieth latitudes bordered around Africa
Developed as a spin-off form the 10/40 window, this term refers to the age at which children are most likely to commit their lives to Christ as well as the ages at which they are most vulnerable
business as mission
BAM is broadly defined as a for-profit commercial business venture that is Christian led, intentionally devoted to being used as an instrument of God's mission to the world, and is operated in a cross-cultural environment, either domestic or international
church planting movement
a rapid multiplication of indigenous churches planting churches that sweeps through a people group or population segment
the core idea is that of taking the gospel to a new context and finding appropriate ways to communicate it so that it is understandable to the people in that context; it also includes developing church life and ministry that are biblically faithful and culturally appropriate
the contemporary scattering of peoples across the globe whether from economic migration, refugee flight, displacement, or other circumstances. This reality has opened new doors for missional action and missiological reflection
parallel to the conciliar movement, this term generally refers to the twentieth-century phenomenon of Protestant churches and denominations working together in the context of the World Council of churches with a goal of achieving some type of external unity
defined as mission that focuses on "caring for the environment and making disciples among all peoples"
from everywhere to everywhere
reflects the fact that mission is two way everywhere in the world. almost every inhabited region of the world is now both sending and receiving people who serve in some capacity as bearers of Christ's message, whether as refugees, international workers, traditional missionaries or businesspeople.
intersection of the global with the local; on a personal level consciously striving to have a global perspective while fully engages in a local setting
holistic or integral mission
mission that takes into account the whole of human needs: spiritual, social and personal. Holistic mission includes evangelism and church planting as well as development and social transformation
just as Christ was incarnated as a person, so missionaries, it can be said, need to incarnate themselves into a new context. They cannot come as newborns, but they can learn the language and culture of their new context in such a way that they can behave like a person who was born in that context.
a church that fits well into the local culture. Traditionally, this is defined in terms of three selfs: self-governing, self-supporting and self-propagating. More recently, self-theologizing - the ability to develop its own theological understandings from scripture -- has been added to the criteria
a missionary from what once was considered to be a receiving nation. this term tends to be used broadly of both indigenous evangelists and indigenous missionaries.
movements to obedient faith in Christ that remain integrated with or inside their natural community. In any insider movement, there are two distinct elements
the prominent denominations of the nineteenth and twentieth centuries in North America and Europe, including various branches within the Episcopal, Presbyterian, Methodist, Lutheran and United Church of Christ traditions
the most common of several designations that have been used to name the part of the world outside of what is commonly called the "west". Other terms include developing world, Afericasia, third world, two-thirds world, underdeveloped world and world A.
member care `
the practice of caring for missionaries and their families by ensuring that the emotional, psychological, social, physical, and spiritual needs of missionaries are met
mission is centered on God's character rather than human activity. It is God who initiates and sustains mission, and we are called and privileged to participate in God's mission work
the conscious intent of participation in the missio Dei, today used of churches in Western settings that see themselves as missiologically engages in their own settings.
a person who energizes a church or a roup of people and its resources for mission. This may be an outsider or an insider
missionaries who choose to live a monastic lifestyle in their mission engagement, which includes commitment to an ordered life, communal living, a simple lifestyle and working on behalf of the poor
reliance on the spoken word rather than on writing, including the framing of mission for those whose preferred communication patterns are oral rather than literate
a people group usually is defined by ethnic or linguistic terms. it is estimated that there are some twelve thousand distinct languages and dialects and as many as twenty-four thousand people groups in the world today
missionary engagement of people from countries that historically have been the recipients of missionaries to countries that have historically been the senders of missionaries
the Hebrew word for peace in the Old Testament, where it refers to wholeness, completeness, and soundness. it is a holistic term, extending to include spiritual peace, physical peace, psychological peace, and social peace
short term missions:
this term usually refers to trips with a mission focus that range from one week to one or two years. They may be organized by churches, agencies, or even individuals for a variety of reasons
reflects the reality that Satan does not want unbelievers to come to Christ or believers to live fruitful, holy lives. The warfare that Christians face involves Satan and his hosts constantly trying to maneuver them toward spiritual lethargy or depression while they seek to live the abundant life that Jesus promised.
the replacement of core or important truths of the gospel with non-Christian elements
a term coined from Pauls stay at Corinth when he made tents so as not to be burden to the Corinthian church. Tentmaking is the practice of using paid employment to gain and maintain entry in a cross-cultural setting. Tentmakers work as professionals and engage in ministry activities in addition to their wage-earning work.
working to change society by transforming its unjust structures into more just ones. In the twentieth century evangelicals typically did not think of transformation as appropriate missionary work. However, advocates of transformation rightly note that the historical fights against the salve trade, infanticide, widow burning, and foot binding are all examples of transformational mission
people groups that currently have no access to the gospel. they are "hidden" not in sense that they are invisible, but in the sense that they are invisible, but in the sense that there is no way, given current conditions, that they can hear the gospel in their own language in a way that makes sense to them
has been relegated to the specific work of the church and agencies in the task of reaching people for Christ by crossing cultural boundaries
is broader, referring to everything the church is doing that points toward the kingdom of God
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