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Street Law Chapter 1
Chapter 1 Vocabulary for Street Law.
Terms in this set (22)
Regulate public conduct and set out duties owed to society.
Murders, Robberies, or more serious crimes
Regulate relations between individuals or groups of individuals.
Less serious crimes, such as simple assault or minor theft.
A lawsuit that can be brought by a person who feels wronged or injured by another person.
The person against whom a claim is made. In a civil suit, the defendant is the person being sued; in a criminal case the defendant is the person charged with committing a crime.
In a civil case, the injured party who brings legal action against the alleged wrongdoer.
The state or government's federal attorney in a criminal case.
Beyond a reasonable doubt
The level of proof required to convict a person of a crime. It does not mean "convinced 100 percent," but does mean there are no reasonable doubts as to guilt.
Preponderance of the Evidence
Usually the standard of proof used in a civil suit; the burden of proof that a party must meet in order to win the lawsuit. To win, a party must provide evidence that is more convincing than the other side's evidence.
A basic principle of our constitutional system. It limits government to powers provided to it by the people.
Separation of Powers
Division of powers among the three branches of the federal government: the executive, the legislative, and the judicial.
Written laws enforced by legislatures.
Checks and Balances
The power of each of the three branches of government (legislative, judicial, executive) to limit the other branches' power, so as to prevent an abuse.
Refuse to approve laws passed by Congress.
The process by which courts decide whether the laws passed by Congress or state legislatures are constitutional.
Conflicting with some provision of the Constitution.
The division of powers the states and the federal government.
Bill of Rights
The first ten amendments to the Constitution, which guarantee basic individual rights to all persons in the United States.
the case presented by or on behalf of the party being accused or sued in a lawsuit.
Civil law vs criminal law
relating to an established set of principles governing a state.
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