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51 terms

phlebotomy ch 1&2

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phlebotomy
the surgical opening or puncture of a vein in order to withdraw blood or introduce a fluid, or (historically) as part of the procedure of letting blood.
ASCP
American Society for Clinical Pathologist
NCA
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ASPT
American Society of Phlebotomy Technicians
JCAHO
Joint Commission on Accreditation of Healthcare Organizations
certification
a record of being qualified to perform certain acts after passing an examination given by an accredited professional organization
informed consent
consent by a patient to undergo a medical or surgical treatment or to participate in an experiment after the patient understands the risks involved
professional services
those performed by a licensed individual such as a medical doctor, physician's assistant, nurse, or chiropractor.
respiratory therapy
Allied health specialty that assists patients with respiratory and cardipulmonary disorder. Duties of a respiratory therapist include conducting pulmonary function tests, monitoring oxygen and carbon dioxide levels in the blood, administering breathing treatments, and ventilator management.
radiology
the branch of medical science dealing with the medical use of X-rays or other penetrating radiation
electrocardiography
(EKG or ECG) the process of recording electrical currents from the heart; the study and interpretation of such recordings, the recording of the electrical impulses of the heart. Such tracings often given an accurate picture of heart abnormalities and disease (EKG and ECG)
nuclear medicine
Branch of medicine concerned with the use of radioactive substances for diagnosis, treatment , and research
physical therapy
treatment to rehabilitate patients disabled by illness or injury, involving many different modalities (methods) such as exercise, hydrotheraphy, diathermy, and ultrasound
pharmacy
the art and science of preparing and dispensing drugs and medicines,
MT
medical technologist
MLT
medical laboratory technician
CLT
CLINICAL LABORATORY TECHNICIAN
pathologist
specialized in the laboratory analysis of tissue samples to confirm or establish a diagnosis
hematology
the branch of medicine that deals with diseases of the blood and blood-forming organs
coagulation
aka blood clotting. A protective mechanism that minimizes blood loss when blood vessels are ruptured. Phase of hemostasis which the platelet plug changes into a blood clot, it is done by clotting factors.
chemistry
the study of the composition, structure, and properties of matter and the changes it undergoes
microbiology
the branch of biology that studies microorganisms and their effects on humans
blood bank
clinical laboratory department where blood components are tested and stored until needed for transfusion; immunohematology department; transfusion services; also the refrigerated unit used for storing blood components
culture and sensitivity
a lab test that grows a colony of bacteria removed from an infected area in order to identify the specific infecting bacteria and then determine its sensitivity to a variety of antibiotics
CLIA
clinical laboratory improvement amendments (1988); improve the quality of laboratory testing in the US, enacted by congress as an ammendment to the origional act of 1967. Created to protect patients by establishing saftey policies and procedures. The ammendment addresses the issues of quality control, quality assurance, record keeping and qualifications of personnel performing lab testing.
OSHA
Occupational Safety and Health Administration, government agency which mandates the availability of MSDSs for any hazardous chemical or drug
reference labs
specific lab companies that transmit electronic data to spring charts using HL7 language and protocols
CAP
College of American Pathologists
NFPA
National Fire Protection Association
MSDS
A widely used abbreviation for Material Safety Data Sheet. A MSDS contains details of the hazards associated with a chemical, and gives information on its safe use.
pathogen
any disease-producing agent (especially a virus or bacterium or other microorganism)
vector
any agent (person or animal or microorganism) that carries and transmits a disease
PPE
Personal Protective Equipment, Personal Protective Equipment-Equipment that protects the EMS worker from infection and/or exposure to the dangers of rescue operations. Ex: protective gloves, eye protection, masks, gowns.
standard precautions
precautions developed by the CDC that ensures that unversial precautions and body substance isolation practices, measures to prevent exposure to blood or body fluids that may spread disease
reverse isolation
a barrier protection designed to prevent infection in clients who are severely compromised and highly susceptible to infections
nosocomial infection
an infection acquired in a hospital or other healthcare facility; also known as hospital-acquired infection (HAI).
cytotechnologist
Works with pathologist to microscopically examine body cells, in order to detect changes that may help to diagnose cancer and other diseases
accreditation
The process through which an organization is recognized for adherence to a group of standards that meet or exceed expectations of the accrediting agency.
licensure
A mandatory credentialing process established by law, usually at the state level, that grants the right to practice certain skills and endeavors
continuing education
Formal education by a working professional to improve or maintain professional competence
fiscal services
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clinical lab
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urinalysis
the physical chemical and microscopic examination of urine and its components
CBC
complete blood count, complete blood count; most common lab blood test performed as a screen of general health or for diagnostic purposes, A blood analysis which includes packed cell volume, total protein, a white blood cell differential analysis, and an estimate of the total number of erythrocytes, leukocytes, and thrombocytes can be abbreviated how?
serum
Plasma with the clotting factors removed. Serum is often used in diagnostic tests because it does not clot.
plasma
straw-colored fluid that makes up about 55 percent of blood
sharps
cutting instruments including knives, scalpels, blades, needles and scissors of all types
PPE
Personal Protective Equipment i.e. gloves, mask, safety glasses and clinical attire
contact precautions
methods used to reduce exposure to infectious agents easily transmitted by direct client contact or by contact with items in the client's environment
blood-borne pathogen
microorganisms within human blood that can cause disease, "Infectious diseases such as HIV, hepatitis B, and hepatitis C that are transported through contact with infected body fluids such as blood, semen, and vomitus"
SST
Serum separator tube