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World Civ 1st exam
Terms in this set (45)
The age that is called the age of agriculture.
One of the most notable features of Shang China was?
The appearance of social classes
What are the two ecological zones of Mesopotamia?
What is a part of North America that extends from the central part of Modern Mexico to Central America?
Paleolithic people learned.......
to control fire.
The shift to agriculture coincided with advance in stone tool technology.
People were hunters, fishers, and gatherers, but not producers of food during what age?
What led to the success of the Assyrians' second period of expansion?
A large, well-disciplined army and a society that valued military skills.
Scholars speculate that a centralized government controlled the indus civilization because of evidence of what?
Stability, regularity, and traditionalism in the Indus culture.
Why was the late Vedic period sometimes called the Epic Age?
Because it provided the setting for the Mahabharata and the Ramayana.
The writing system invented by the Sumerians that used a wedge-shaped stylus, or pointed tool, to write on wet clay tablets that were then baked or dried is now known as?
What best explains why the human population had been small and relatively stable throughout the Paleolithic Age?
This period was the culmination of the shift beginning 10,000 years ago from hunter-gatherer societies to settled communities of farmers and artisans.
Which people belonged to the Hurrians, some of whom had been living in the Mesopotamia and Syria in the time of the kings of Akkad and Ur?
What characteristics of the Paleolithic Age eventually led to the Neolithic Revolution?
Paleolithic women gathered food and discovered how to plant and care for seeds.
What can be considered as a major shift that first occurred around 3000 B.C.E. in the plains along the Tigris and Euphrates rivers in Mesopotamia?
Towns grew alongside villages, and some towns then grew into much larger urban centers.
What was a characteristic of the Sumerian number system?
The Sumerian system was based on the number 60 (sexagesimal) rather than the number 10 (decimal)
What suggests that the welfare of the people of Egypt was automatically guaranteed and safeguarded during the period known as the Old Kingdom?
The king was obligated to act infallibly in a benign and beneficent manner.
How was Shang China similar to other early river valley civilizations?
The increasing control of nature through agriculture and metallurgy was accompanied by the emergence of a rigidly stratified society in which the many were compelled to serve the few.
The title of the ancient Egyptian god-kings
What best explains why the Babylonians developed an elaborate science of divination based on chance observations?
The Mesopotamian people believed that the gods revealed a persons destiny to those who could understand the omens or indications of what was going to happen.
Who supported a military aristocracy based on horses and chariots, the prestige weaponry of the age?
What tells us that Indus culture was remarkably constant over time?
The main cities and towns were subject to flooding and were rebuilt often, with each reconstruction closely following the previous pattern.
What was the goal of the ritual sacrifice that was the central focus of Vedic religion?
To invoke the presence of the gods.
What led historians to suggest that the Xia may have been an actual dynasty?
The evidence that the Shang dynasty actually existed
What basic changes in the Chinese society contributed to the rise of large territorial states?
The wilds began to disappear, and the economy became almost entirely agriculture.
Describe a difference between Mesopotamian and Hittite kings?
Hittite kings did not claim to be divine or even to be the chosen representatives of the gods.
What allowed the Zhou to conquer the Shang?
The weak, cruel, and tyrannical nature of the last Shang kings.
Who were the Indo-European people, speaking a language related to Greek and Sanskrit?
Why does the Indus civilization remain the least understood of the early river valley civilizations>
Because its writing is still undeciphered.
What led Nebuchadnezzar to take over much of the Assyrian Empire?
The lack of follow up of the Medes on their conquests.
Why is the Neolithic age called so?
During this period the shift to agriculture coincided with advances in stone technology.
The Sumerian writing system is hard to learn because?
It used several thousand characters, some of which stood for words and some for sounds.
personal as opposed to real property
Why was chattel slavery not common in Mesopotamia?
Chattel slaves were often non-Meopotamian bought from slave merchants.
a writing system using picture symbols of ancient egypt
What best explains the creation of agriculture property in Egypt unmatched in the ancient world?
The construction and maintenance of canals, dams, and irrigation ditches to control the river's water, together with careful planning and organization of planting and harvesting, were done in Egypt.
What led to the American production of plants providing protein?
How were the earliest immigrants to the Americas similar to the Paleolithic peoples?
They lived by hunting, fishing, and gathering.
The first civilization of the Indus valley.
The oldest material of the Vedas
Which are among the latest Vedic texts and the ones most concerned with speculation about the universe?
Agriculture began in China in about 4000 B.C.E. in the basin of the southern bend of what river?
The name of the second phase of the Eastern Zhou after a chronicle of the same name treating the years from 401 to 256 B.C.E?
The area in the Americas, where the inhabitants developed a high level of social and political integration, based on maize agriculture?
Why didn't the Paleolithic Age see the rise of large towns or city-states?
Paleolithic peoples were not producers of food.