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Exam Chapters 7-9
Terms in this set (74)
Enduring states of feeling that color our psychological lives are called what?
The DSM-5 does not include a general category of mood disorders but instead distinguishes between what and what?
Depressive Disorders and Bipolar and Related Disorders
Which are considered part of the category of "Bipolar and Related Disorders" in the DSM-5?
Bipolar I & II and Cyclothymic Disorder
Disorders such as depression and dysthymia are what in nature?
Mood disorders, which involve mood swings from one extreme to another, are considered what?
Which are considered part of the category of "Depressive Disorders" in the DSM-5?
Major Depressive Disorder and Persistent Depressive Disorder
Major depression cannot be diagnosed if a person shows a history of what?
Mania or hypomania
To be diagnosed with a major depressive episode, one experiences either depressed mood or loss of interest or pleasure in all things for a period of how long?
At least 2 weeks
A state of unusual elation, energy, and activity is known as what?
Difficulty concentrating is what type of symptom of depression?
Major Depressive Disorder (MDD)
Rani has been diagnosed with depression and has no interest in playing on her soccer team, which she has done each week for over two years. This loss of enjoyment in pleasurable activities is what type of symptom of depression?
Changes in motivation
Which U.S. president struggled with depression and wrote "I am now the most miserable man living"? (indicated in the textbook and the documentary on mood disorders; see Canvas video posted under chapter 7 reading)
Women are about how many times as likely as men to experience major depressive disorder during their lifetimes?
What are some of the characteristics of major depressive disorder?
Depressed mood, diminished interest, weight loss, insomnia, psychomotor agitation, fatigue, guilt, inability to concentrate, death/suicidal ideations.
Initial onset of major depressive disorder is most common among which population?
Factors that place people at increased risk of developing major depression include what?
Age (young), socioeconomic status, marital status, being female
Seasonal affective disorder is a subtype of what?
Nolan-Hoeksema proposed that men are less prone to depression because they know how to do what?
Use alcohol to cope or distract themselves with things they enjoy
The therapy of choice for patients with seasonal affective disorder is what?
Anne had a baby about 10 months ago. Ever since, she has had a poor appetite, been unable to sleep (even when the baby wasn't waking her), poor self-esteem, and has been unable to concentrate for any length of time. She is most likely suffering from what?
A depressive disorder which often develops during childhood or adolescence, involves less severe symptoms than major depression, but has a longer lasting, more chronic pattern of development, and often results in sufferers being seen as "whiny" or "complaining" is what?
Persistent Depressive Disorder (PDD) Dysthymia
A major depressive episode occurring concurrently with dysthymic disorder is called what?
What disorder was introduced as a new diagnostic category in the DSM-5?
Premenstrual Dysphoric Disorder
Alex has severe mood swings from extreme elation and hyperactivity to major depression. One moment he feels like he's on top of the world, the next moment he feels suicidal. He is probably suffering from what?
The essential feature of bipolar I disorder is the occurrence of at least one full-blown ______ episode?
In bipolar II disorder, a person experiences what type of episodes?
An individual with a bipolar I disorder who experiences two or more full cycles of mania and depression within a year without intervening normal periods is considered to have what?
A person who speaks very rapidly and urgently and has difficulty pausing has what?
A disorder characterized by a cyclical pattern of mild mood swings, not reaching the level of full-blown manic episodes or major depressive episodes is what?
Alvin drank alcohol chronically for years until he developed a type of dementia called Korsakoff's syndrome. His dementia would be classified by the DSM-5 as what type of disorder?
Substance Induced Disorder
The chemical actions of psychoactive drugs which result in a person feeling "drunk" or "high" are called substance what?
__________ is a substance-induced disorder involving a cluster of symptoms that occur when a person abruptly stops using a particular substance following a period of prolonged and heavy use.
Gina has been using heroin for two years. Lately, she has found she must inject higher and higher dosages of the drug to get the same "high" she has come to expect from her drug use. Her need for higher dosages is best described as ______.
Chronic, heavy users of alcohol who dramatically lower their alcohol intake after many years of heavy drinking may enter a withdrawal state known as ______.
***A substance on which a person may be dependent but which does not require larger amounts of the substance to get "high" is ______.
***According to the DSM-5, ______ disorders refer to patterns of maladaptive behavior involving the use of psychoactive substances.
Substance Use Disorder
In the DSM-5, tolerance and withdrawal syndromes are associated with ______
Repeated use of the substance
The DSM-5 allows clinicians to designate the severity of substance use disorders by specifying whether they are _________.
Mild, moderate, or severe
***The DSM-5 includes what as a new diagnostic category under Substance Use and Addictive Disorders.
______ means that one's body has changed as a result of regular usage of a substance, as shown by the development of tolerance for the substance, by a withdrawal syndrome, or both.
The pathway to drug dependence includes which stages?
Experimentation, Routine Use, Addiction or Dependence
Jay uses drugs at parties, and sometimes at home. He does not use them daily, only on "special" occasions. The drugs make him feel good, even euphoric at times, but the effects do not last. He feels in control and believes he can stop at any time. He is in the ______ stage of drug dependence.
Drugs of abuse are classified within three major groupings. Which of the following is NOT one of the groupings?
Depressants (alcohol, opioids), Stimulants (cocaine, amphetamines), Hallucinogens
Depressants generally act by curbing the activity of the what?
Central Nervous System
The most widely abused substance in the world is what?
The most widely held view of alcoholism is the ______ model.
Men are over ______ times more likely than women to be diagnosed with an alcohol use disorder.
The BEST predictor of alcoholism or problem drinking in adulthood is what?
A degenerative, potentially fatal liver disease is called what?
Cirrhosis of the Liver
Barbiturates are what type of drug (category)?
The most widely used opiate is what?
Psychoactive substances that increase nervous system activity are called what?
What designer drug that is chemically similar to amphetamines, became a popular illicit drug during the 1990s at clubs and "raves"?
Cocaine falls into what category of drugs?
Drugs that produce sensory distortions or hallucinations as their primary psychoactive effect are called what?
The street name "angel dust" is called what?
The major psychoactive ingredient in marijuana is ______.
Marijuana falls under what category of drugs?
A(n) ______ is a psychological disorder characterized by disturbed patterns of eating and maladaptive ways of controlling weight.
Felicia has an intense fear of being overweight. She also has a distorted body image in which she sees herself as "fat" despite the fact that her physician says she underweight for her height, age, and bone structure. She exercises excessively and still diets despite being 15 pounds lighter than her original dieting goal. She is suffering from ______.
Anorexia nervosa develops most commonly between the ages of ______.
Annette suffers from recurrent episodes of gorging on large quantities of food followed by purging through self-induced vomiting in order to prevent gaining weight. Although her weight is well below normal to the point that others see her as "skin and bones," she worries excessively about being fat. She also has impulse control problems in other areas of her life. She is suffering from ______.
The absence or suppression of menstruation is called ______.
Diane suffers from recurrent episodes of gorging on large quantities of food followed by purging through self-induced vomiting in order to prevent gaining weight. Although her weight is normal, and her ideal weight is relatively normal, she worries excessively about looking or becoming fat. She is suffering from ______.
What are the DSM diagnostic criteria for bulimia nervosa?
The binge and compensatory Bx must occur once a week for three months
Probably the most important factors in the development of eating disorders such as anorexia nervosa and bulimia nervosa are ______.
A standard measure of overweight and obesity that takes both body weight and height into account is the _____.
A study of the mass body index of ______ between 1920 and 1990 shows a clear trend towards the idealization of thinness in women.
Miss America Contest Winners
Psychodynamic theorists view anorexia nervosa as ______.
An effort to remain a prepubescent child. (Difficulty separating from their families and consolidating separate individuated identities)
Systems theorists view anorexia nervosa as ______.
An identified patient in a dysfunctional family
The Barbie doll was designed to fit an idealized ______ fantasy of the female form.
Prozac and Zoloft appear to ______ episodes in patients with bulimia nervosa.
The specific behavioral techniques widely used for successfully reducing episodes of self-induced vomiting in cases of bulimia nervosa are ______.
Exposure with response prevention (CBT)
______ therapy is an alternative for treating bulimia when cognitive-behavioral treatment fails.
Interpersonal Psychotherapy (IPT)
THIS SET IS OFTEN IN FOLDERS WITH...
Abnormal Psych Chapter 9
PSYCH 342 unit 2: Ch. 3, 14,15
Intro to Psychology: Subfields
PSYCH 4313 Final Exam
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