Air Force Heritage
Terms in this set (87)
Communication, observation & reconnaissance
Assistant Secretary of War Henry S. Breckenridge testified before the House Military Affairs Committee that military aviation was simply an additional form of what three things?
General Hugh Trenchard
(Commander of the Royal Flying Corps
Who's concepts did Brigadier General William "Billy" Mitchell study to formulate his ideas of airpower?
How many confirmed kills did Eddie Rickenbacker amass to earn the title "Ace of Aces?"
Army Reorganization Act
Which piece of legislation made the Air Service a combatant arm of the US Army?
What was the name of the book Brig Gen Billy Mitchell published in 1930, which described his theory of strategic bombing?
Blitzkrieg (Lightening War)
What was the name of the German tactics used against Poland and other European countries during the early years of World War II?
AWPD-1 and AWPD-42
What two plans were developed by the Air War Plans Division and were used to fight World War II?
In what year did the Army officially accept the Wright Brother's plane, test piloted by Orville Wright and Lt Frank P. Lahm?
How many combat capable aircraft did the Army Aviation Section have when the United States entered World War I?
11 November 1918
When did the Armistice of World War I take effect (day/month/year)?
What ship did "Billy" Mitchell sink with his MB-2 bombers proving airpower could be used for the coastal defense of the United States?
Air Corps Tactical School (ACTS)
What school was responsible for contemplating, developing, and teaching airpower doctrine?
Charles A. Lindbergh
Who was the first person to fly solo, nonstop across the Atlantic Ocean?
11 December 1941
When did Germany and Italy declare war on the United States during WWII (day/month/year)?
Brig Gen James Allen
Which US Army chief signal officer questioned the merit of the airplane?
How did the United States rank among air powers at the beginning of the Great War?
Captain Eddie Rickenbacker
Who was the first flyer to earn the Medal of Honor?
How many enemy aircraft did the Air Service destroy during WWI?
Army Air Corps Act
What act replaced the Air Service with the more independent Army Air Corps?
They had a profound impact on the development of air doctrine, especially among the instructors and students at the Air Corps Tactical School (ACTS)
What was the main result of Brig Gen Billy Mitchell's writings on strategic bombing?
How many B-17s did the Air Corps have upon entering World War II?
Combined Bomber Offensive
What was the name of the joint (American/British) strategic bombardment operation conducted against Germany in 1943?
On 14 October 1943, what city did the AAF attack with two groups of B-17 bombers attempting to destroy Germany's ball bearing production capability?
General Henry H. ("Hap") Arnold
Who was the Chief of the Army Air Forces during World War II?
What fighter, fitted with drop tanks, provided support to the B-17 Flying Fortress and the Consolidated B-24 Liberator enabling the Eighth Air Force to take control of the air?
Battle of Midway
What battle is considered the turning point of the war in the Pacific?
What was the name of the B-29 that dropped the first atomic bomb on Hiroshima?
W.A.S.P. (Women's Air Force Service Pilots)
What acronym is used when referring to the group of women fliers who ferried aircraft such as the B-17, B-26, P-51, P-47, and C-54 to Europe?
Lieutenant Colonel James H. Doolittle
Who led the 18 April 1942 attack from the USS Hornet against the Japanese mainland?
National Security Act
What legislation did President Truman sign on 26 July 1947 establishing the Department of Defense and creating the United States Air Force?
In what year did the Berlin Airlift take place?
What was the kill-to-kill ratio during the Korean War?
What campaign during the Vietnam War, utilizing the B-52, was designed to destroy the North's will to resist and force Hanoi to negotiate in good faith?
Intercontinental Ballistic Missile
What does the acronym ICBM stand for?
Bombers, Submarines & Missiles
What are the three components of the original nuclear triad?
The Korean War saw the first full introduction of the jet fighter by both participants
What was a key technological advancement of the Korean War?
How many aircraft were either damaged or destroyed during the Combined Bomber Offensive?
Superior training and the aggressiveness of its pilots
What advantage did the F-86 Sabrejet have over the enemy during the Korean War?
Tactical Nuclear Weapons
US leaders threatened the use of what weapon at the end of the Korean War?
What was the name of the operation that airlifted over 200 million tons of supplies into Germany after World War II?
What was the name of the atomic bomb dropped on Nagasaki?
General Curtis LeMay
Who was the first commander of the Strategic Air Command?
Dr. Robert Goddard
Who was responsible for developing the first liquid fueled rocket in the 1920s?
What was the name of the first orbiting satellite launched by the Soviet Union on 4 October 1957?
Cosmonaut Yuri Gagarin
Who was the first man in space?
What was the name of the United States' first intercontinental ballistic missile?
Who was the first American to orbit the earth?
Which space program tested man's ability to survive in space?
John F. Kennedy
Who said, "I believe that this Nation should commit itself to achieving this goal, before the decade is out, of landing a man on the moon and safely returning him to earth?"
Maj Edward H. White II
Who was the first American to walk in space?
Which space program tested our ability to work in space?
Lt Col Michael Collins, Neil Armstrong, Col Edwin "Buzz" Aldrin
Who were the first three men to reach the moon?
Which space program represented manned space flight to the moon?
In what year did man land on the moon?
Apollo 17 in 1972
What was the name and year of the last Apollo mission?
John Young & Capt Robert Crippen
Who piloted the first space shuttle?
The Iraqi invasion of Kuwait occurred in what year?
Civil Reserve Air Fleet (C.R.A.F.)
The USAF transport fleet was complemented for the first time by the extensive activation of which organization during Desert Shield/Desert Storm?
What was the name of General Schwarzkoph's original offensive air campaign plan?
Suppress the Iraqi air defenses in the Kuwait Theater of Operations
What was the second planned phase of the four-phased air campaign plan in Iraq designed to do?
Isolation and destruction of Iraqi forces in the Kuwait Theater of Operations
What was the third planned phase of the four-phased air campaign plan in Iraq designed to do?
How many NATO countries participated in Operation ALLIED FORCE?
Operation Enduring Freedom
What was the name of the military operation launched against Taliban and Al-Qaeda forces on 7 October 2001?
6 August 1945
On what date did the United States drop the first nuclear weapon on Japan?
How long did OPERATION LINEBACKER II last during the Vietnam War?
What was the name of the defensive perimeter established by U.S. and South Korean forces in a small corner of the Korean Peninsula during the early days of the Korean War?
12 May 1949
On what date did the Soviet Union lift the blockade of West Berlin?
Battle of St. Mihiel
What was the name of the World War I battle that saw General Billy Mitchell field almost 1,500 planes?
In what year did the B-17 fly for the first time?
They never established air dominance.
How long did it take US and UN Forces to establish air dominance in Korea?
How much cargo did Allied Forces deliver to Berlin on Easter Sunday, 1949?
True or False. Perhaps the most important lesson learned during Kosovo war operations was that common effort can overcome widely different objectives?
True or False. The unconditional and safe return of all refugees and displaced persons and unhindered access to them by humanitarian aid organizations was a key objective established by NATO in April 1999?
Continuously engage in humanitarian missions to ensure the well-being of refugees
Which of the following was not a key strategic objective of Operation ALLIED FORCE?
True or False. One of the key lessons learned from Operation ALLIED FORCE was that smart platforms were superior to older platforms with smart weapons?
The attacks by Al Quaeda on the U.S. homeland on September 11, 2001
Which of the following was a major event leading to the war on terrorism?
Bomb Taliban headquarters and leadership
During Operation ENDURING FREEDOM US forces used Strategic Attack to...
To destroy airfields and air defense nodes
How was Counterair used in Operation ENDURING FREEDOM?
C-130 "Commando Solo" aircraft transmitted radio broadcasts
How were Information Operations used in Operation ENDURING FREEDOM?
C-130s delivered Special Operations Forces to remote areas in Afghanistan
How was Airlift used in Operation ENDURING FREEDOM?
Special Operations troops were re-supplied by C-17 and C-130 airdrops.
How was Airlift used in Operation ENDURING FREEDOM?
Special Operations forces rode on horses while utilizing new technology including GPS and laser range finders
How was Special Operations Employment used in Operation ENDURING FFREEDOM?
B-52 and B-1 aircraft loitered while waiting for targets to engage.
How was Counterland used in Operation ENDURING FREEDOM?
Unmanned Aerial Vehicles demonstrated new technology
How were Intelligence, Surveillance, and Reconnaissance resources used in Operation ENDURING FREEDOM?
Strategic Attack was used to bomb homes of key military leaders.
How was Strategic Attack used in Operation IRAQI FREEDOM?
Homeland Security CONOPS; Space and Command, Control; Communications, Computers, Intelligence; Surveillance, and Reconnaissance CONOPS; Global Mobility CONOPS; Global Strike CONOPS; Global Persistent Attack CONOPS; Nuclear Response CONOPS; The Agile Combat Support CONOPS
List the current USAF Concept of Operations
True or False. One of the key lessons learned from the GWOT is that new tactics and high-tech munitions have replaced older, conventional tactics and munitions.
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