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English 11 AP Midterm
Terms in this set (45)
A reference to something literary, mythological, or historical that the author assumes the reader will recognize
When your parents learn about your new plan to raise money, it's going to sink like the Titanic
A figure of speech in which one directly addresses an absent or imaginary person
Car, please get me to work today
A concise statement that expresses succinctly a general truth or idea, often using rhyme or balance
A friend in need is a friend indeed
A construction in which elements are presented in a series without conjunctions
You mean to tell me we lost the dog, the house, the car
which a writer or speaker uses a word near the end of the clause and then repeats that word to begin the next clause
When we win, we win big
The repetition of words or phrases at the beginning of consecutive lines
I am awake. I am strong. I am ready.
a statement consisting of two parallel parts in which the second part is reversed
Susan walked in, and out rushed Mary
a sentence in which the main independent clause is elaborated by the successive addition of modifying clauses or phrases
Cumulative sentence example
The radiators put out lots of heat, too much, in fact, and old-fashioned sounds and smells came with it, exhalations of the matter that composes our own mortality, and reminiscent of the intimate gases we all diffuse
the omission of a word or phrase which is grammatically necessary but can be deduced from context
Some people prefer cats: others, dogs
the repetition of a word at the end of successive clauses or sentences.
If you had known the virtue of the ring,
Or half her worthiness that gave the ring,
If you did know for whom I gave the ring
an adjective or descriptive phrase expressing a quality characteristic of the person or thing mentioned. Often times abusive or offensive
author exploits a single metaphor or analogy at length through multiple linked tenors, vehicles, and grounds throughout a poem or story.
intentional exaggeration to create an effect
It was so cold I saw polar bears wearing jackets.
a type of understatement in which an idea is expressed by negating another
describe a horrific scene by saying "it wasn't a pretty picture"
the mistaken substitution of one word for another word that sounds similar
the doctor wrote a subscription
substituting the name of one object for another object closely associated with it
the pen(writing) is mightier than the sword (war fighting)
the use of corresponding grammatical or syntactical forms
This is not only just what I wanted, but also just what I needed
an apparently contradictory statement that actually contains some truth
Your enemy's friend is your enemy
the use of more conjunctions than is necessary
Today, my teacher gave me math homework and science homework and reading homework and a project to complete!
a question asked merely for rhetorical effect and not requiring an answer
rhetorical question example
Is the pope catholic
the use of humor to emphasize human weakness or social imperfections
"Weekend Update" from Saturday Night Live
using one part of an object to represent the entire object
referring to a car as simply 'wheels"
the representation of something as lesser than it really is
Deserts are sometimes hot, dry, and sandy
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