In 1492 he took three ships to sail to the Indies to prove that the earth was round. He was funded by Ferdinand and Isabelle, the Spanish king and queen.
The first European to travel the length of Asia. The European people became interested in Asia after he wrote about it.
the Navigator from Portugal In the mid 1400s founded a navigation school and sent out several ships to explore the west coast of Africa
Put up the 95 thesis which were against the sales of indulgences. Roman Catholic Monk, protested the false doctrines of the church by nailing his 95 theses on the door, which were against the sales of indulgence.
the first person to realize that Columbus had discovered a new continent and America was named after him. 1451 to 1512
in 1592 he sailed around the world and proved once and for all that it was round.
1540 traveled northward from Mexico searching for the Seven Cities of Gold. He discovered Grand Canyon.
Hernando de Soto
He explored Florida, Georgia, NC & SC and Tennessee 1539-1540. In May 1541 he found the Mississippi.
Queen of England- under her rule England and spain when to war at sea. She was the daughter of Henry VIII. Queen from 1558-1603. Last of the Tudor Dynasty
The king of Spain and under his rule Spain became the most powerful nation in the world. King from 1556-1598
Discovered the St. Lawrence River 1534-1535 Expedition French Explorer who discovered Country of the Canadas—the Gulf of Lawrence and the shores of the St. Lawrence River.
The main group of Indians that the French did not ally with or get along with.
wars fought with the purpose of driving the Muslims out of the Holy Land and restoring it to Christendom (The nations that professed to be Christians) AD1,000- 1,300.
made by Martin Luther to protest against the sale of indulgences and the false doctrines of the church
El Camino Real
the first road in the US that was traveled in 1518 from Santa Fe and Chihuahua, Mexico
was a legal system that was employed mainly by the Spanish crown during the Spanish colonization of the Americas to regulate Native American labor and autonomy. (basically a legal form of slavery)
Reformation (also the Catholic Revival or Catholic Reformation) was the period of Catholic revival beginning with the Council of Trent (1545-1563) and ending at the close of the
a passage that everyone thought would connect the Atlantic to the Pacific but it wasn't there.
French protestants that established Charles Fort on the coast of SC and Fort Caroline of the coast of Florida.
lived in Europe very early on, first Europeans to go to American. The raided the seas in their ships.
Rise of European Middle Class
they weren't very rich or very poor (this became a class around the crusades)
Voyages of Columbus
Funded by Ferdinand and Isabella, Christopher Columbus went to prove that the Earth was round.
Impact of the Crusades on Exploration
Many new devices that helped exploration were invented: compass, better maps, improved rudders, etc
Impact of the Reformation on Exploration
The English would be strongly influenced by the Word of God while colonizing America.