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Shi Gao

Sweet, acrid, very cold. Clears lung heat, clears blazing stomach heat (for toothache), absorbs exudation for eczema, burns and ulcerated sores (calcined, topically). Contra: if pulse is minute, yang deficiency, or yin deficiency heat. Cook: crush and cook for 30 min longer

Zhi Mu

bitter sweet, cold. Enriches yin, moistens dryness for lu/kid yin def with heat. Contra for diarrhea due to sp def

3 herbs in the drain fire category that generate fluids and moisten dryness

Zhi Mu, Tian hua fen, lu gen

Tian Hua Fen

bitter, sl sweet, cold. Clears and drains lung heat, tf phlegm and moistens lung dryness. Resolves toxicity and expels pus. ameliorates dryness of otnifying or warming substances. Used for xiao ke syndrome (wasting and thirsting d/o)

Lu Gen

sweet, cold. clears heat from st and lung, vents rashes, generates fluids and promotes urination to clear heat. contra: sp/st def cold

2 drain fire herbs that clear heat and promote urination

lu gen and dan zhu ye

General Contra of drain fire herbs

sp/st def cold

Dan Zhu ye

sweet, bland, cold. Eliminates irritability. Promotes urination to clear heat, clears damp heat, esp for SI channel. Caution: pregnancy

Zhi Zi

bitter, cold. Eliminates irritability, drain damp heat for uti, jaundice, cool blood and stop bleeding (charred), reduces swelling and moves blood stasis due to trauma (powder, topically). contra: loose stool or loss appetite d/t def cold. prep: crush

2 drain fire herbs that tx irritability

dan zhu ye and zhi zi

xia ku cao

bitter, acrid, cold. Clear ehat and dissipates nodules. Clears liver and eyes and tx hypertension d/t liv fire or liv yang rising. caution: sp/st def.

jue ming zi

bitter, sweet, salty, sl cold.Moistens intestines and moves stool. used to prevent atherosclerosis as it lowers both blood pressure and serum cholesterol. Tx hypertension due to liv yang rising, clears liv and eyes. Caution: diarrhea/hypotension, antagonizes huo ma ren

2 drain fire herbs that clear liv and eyes and tx hypertension d/t liv fire or liv yang rising

xia ku cao and jue ming zi

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