respiratory System MED Term

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Terms in this set (26)
pneumon/olungtonsil/otonsilstrache/otracheaAsphyxiaExtreme decrease in the amount of O2 in the body with increase of CO2 leads to a loss of consciousnesses or deathAsthmaSpasm and narrowing of bronchi, leading to bronchial airway obstructionsAtelectasisCollapsed lung (ATEL/O means incomplete, and ECTASIS indicated dilation or expansion)EmphysemaHyperinflation of air sacs with destruction of alveolar walls. Along with chronic bronchitis and asthma, emphysema is a type of chronic obstructive pulmonary diseaseHemoptysisspitting up bloodHemothoraxBlood in the pleural cavity (space between the pleural membranes).Pneumoconiosisabnormal condition of dust (CONI/O) in the lungsPneumoniainflammation and infection of alveoli which fill with pus or products of the inflammatory reactionTuberculosisan infectious disease caused by bacteria (bacilli). the lungs and other organs are affected. s/s are cough, weight loss, night sweats, hemoptysis, and pleuritic pain.Bronchoscopyvisual examination of the bronchial tubes with an endoscopeChest X-ray filmX-ray image of the chest in an AP (anteroposterior), PA ( posteroanterior), or lateral (side) viewPulmonary AngiographX-Ray images are taken of the blood vessels in the lung after the injection of contrast material into a blood vessel. a blockage such as a pulmonary embolism can be located with this procedureLaryngoscopyvisual examination of the larynx via the placement of a flexible tube through the nose or mouth and into the larynx