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Middle Eastern Studies
Ch 3 p 27-31
Terms in this set (45)
When was Israel divided into Northern and a Southern kingdoms?
after Solomon's death
What was the capital of the Northern kingdom?
When did Samaria fall to Assyrian invaders?
What was the capital of the Southern kingdom?
When did Jerusalem fall to the Babylonians?
Who was the Messiah of Israel and the Savior of the world?
When was Jesus Christ born?
when Rome ruled the world
When did the Jews become a people with a home?
after the destruction of Jerusalem in AD 70
What type of words stem from roots of usually three consonants?
What three major periods of development has the Hebrew language passed through?
Biblical (classical) Hebrew, Rabbinic Hebrew, and Modern Hebrew
What were Jewish traditions and laws during the period of Rabbinic Hebrew?
During which period of the Hebrew language was the Old Testament written?
Biblical (classical) Hebrew
During which period of the Hebrew language was the time when Hebrew scholars began creating a modern tongue to be spoken in the nation of Israel?
During which period of the Hebrew language was the time when Jewish laws and traditions were written and collected?
What was a language derived from medieval German and spoken by European (Ashkenazi) Jews?
What empire controlled parts of the Middle East for over a thousand years?
What was the capital of the Byzantine Empire?
What is another name for Byzantium?
What was a fanatical, militant new religion in the Arabian Peninsula?
What was the new religion that threatened Byzantium?
What is an Arabic mystic from the city of Mecca?
What city was Mohammed from?
What were Mohammed's followers called?
What did Mohammed, his family, and his followers have to flee to Medina in?
What does hegira mean?
When was Mohammed forced to flee?
When did the Muslims sweep out of the Arabian Peninsula and overrun the Middle East and North Africa through a series of jihads?
in the 600s and 700s
What are jihads?
What are Mohammed's successors called?
Who ruled much of the Middle East and North Africa from the capitals at Damascus, Baghdad, and Cairo throughout most of the Middle Ages?
Mohammed's successors (caliphs)
According to Islam, how is salvation obtained?
by a man's own efforts to keep the rules of the Koran
What is the Koran?
the holy book of Islam
What was Islam's 'holy month'?
Who was the English pioneer missionary in Persia and the Middle East?
What translations of the New Testament did Martyn leave behind?
Arabic, Hindustani (Urdu), and Persian
Who was the first man in modern times to attempt to reach the Muslims of Arabia with the gospel of Christ?
Who was the Scottish nobleman and graduate of Cambridge Univ. that attempted to reach the Muslims with the gospel?
Who established the Arabian mission?
Samuel Zwemer and James Cantine
What was Zwemer known as?
the Apostle to Islam
Why did Zwemer become known as the 'Apostle to Islam'?
Because of his knowledge of the Muslim world and his commitment to the cause of Christ among the Muslims
Why has the Middle East become an area of importance among nations?
because of the oil reserves that are located beneath its sands and along its shores
What two basic elements form the Arabic word?
the root, and the pattern
What element of the Arabic word generally consists of three consonants and gives lexical meaning to the word?
What element of the Arabic word consists of vowels and gives grammatical meaning to the word?
What are the two varieties of the Arabic language?
classical (literary) and colloquial
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