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Industrialization Unit

To Help Study For Industrialization Unit Test
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Industrial Revolution
greatly increased output of machine-made goods that began in England
Enclosures
Wealthy landowners purchased famer's lands and fenced lands increasing _________
Seed Drill
Jethro Tull invented the _____ _____ to space rows at specific depths, increasing crop yields.
Crop Rotation
Idea of allowing nutrients in soil that were exhausted to re-restore itself.
Industrialization
process of developing machine production of goods
4 Required Things for Industrialization
water power, iron ore, rivers, harbors
Cotton Gin
Eli Whitney invented the _____ ___ to remove seeds from cotton.
Macadam Roads
John McAdam equiped roads with layers of stones for drainage. These roads became known as ______ _____.
George Stephenson
_____ _________ worked on the first railroad line from Liverpool to Manchester.
Urbanization
City building and movement of people to cities
Entrepreneurs
Factories developed in clusters because ___________ built them near sources of energy.
Manchester
Textile manufacturing developed in _________ (city).
Cheap Labor
Women & Children were employed because they were a source of _____ _____.
Upper Middle Class
Social structure changed because some in the middle class grew wealthier than aristocrats. Because of this the _____ ______ _____ emerged.
Luddites
The ______, named after Ned Ludd, attacked factories in England out of frustration.
7 Positive Effects of The Industrial Revolution
Jobs for workers, welath of the nation, technological progress and incention, Increased prodction of goods, Hope of improvement in people's lives, expanded education possibilities, higher wages
Long Term Effects of The Industrial Revolution (2)
Living Conditions Improved, Profits produced tax revenues used for funding local, state, and federal governments
12, beaten
Young children workers worked over __ hours a day and were ______ to keep the children awake throughout the day.
Factory Act
The _______ ___ was passed. This act restricted working age and hours.
Forbade
Britain forbade/allowed engineers, mechanics, and tool makers to leave the country.
Women
_______ flocked homes to mills because of higher wages and some independence or as an alternate for being a servant.
Stock
Rights Of Ownership
Corporation
Entrepreneurs sold shares of stock. Those who bought became part owners of a ______________, a business owned by stockholders who share in profits but are not personally responsible for its debt.
Economic Strength, Military Power
Connecting railroads were built to increase _______ ________ which later strengthened their _________ _______.
Imperialism
policy of extending one's rule over other lands
Laissez Faire
economic policy of letting owners of industry and business set working conditions without interference
Adam Smith
_____ ______ defended the idea of free economy.
Self Interest, Competition, Supply and Demand
The 3 Natural Laws of Economics: _______: people work for own good; _______: forces people to make a better product; _______ and __________; enough goods at the lowest price to meet market economy demand