85 terms

Stephanie's Capitalistic Words for UIL Literary Criticism because she refuses to read Atlas, Shrugged

the bolded words from the huge word packet
STUDY
PLAY
Allonym
The name of an actual person other than the author that is signed by the author to a work
Eponym
The name of a person so commonly associated with some widely recognized attribute that the name comes to stand for that attribute. Ie. Caeser for dictator, Helen for beauty.
Persona
The term is widely used to refer to a "second self" created by an author and through whom the narrative is told.
Pseudonym
A false name sometimes assumed by writers and others.
Putative Author
The fictional author of a work, supposedly written by someone other than its actual author. Ie. Hazel from The Fault in Our Stars.
Colloquialism
An expression used in informal conversation but not accepted universally in formal speech or writing. Basically slang terms.
Anapest
A metrical FOOT consisting of three syllables, with two unaccented syllables followed by an accented one. Ie. "With a leap and a bound the swift Anapests throng"
Iamb
A foot consisting of an unaccented syllable and an accented. Ie. Away.
Dactyl
A foot consisting of one accented syllable followed by two unaccented. Ie. Mannikin.
Spondee
A foot composed of two accented syllables. Ie. Heartbreak.
Trochee
A foot consisting of an accented and an unaccented syllable. Ie. Happy.
Haiku
A poem consisting of three lines, with the first and last having five syllables, and the middle having seven.
Ballad
A form of verse to be sung or recited and characterized by its presentation of a dramatic or exciting episode in simple narrative form.
Madrigal
A short lyric, usually dealing with love or a pastoral theme and designed for a musical setting.
Rondeau
A set French verse pattern, artificial but very popular with many English poets.
Round
A song for at least three voices, in which each singer begins a line or phrase behind the preceding one but repeats what the preceding one is singing.
Apocope
The omission of one or more sounds from a word. Ie. "even" for "evening".
Elision
he omission of part of a word, usually the final vowel preceding an initial vowel. Ie. "th'orient" for "the orient".
Metathesis
The interchange of position between sounds in a word.
Syncope
A cutting short of words through the omission of a letter or syllable.
Catharsis
The process by which an unealthy emotional state produced by an imbalance of feelings is corrected and emotional health restored.
Hamartia
The error, frailty, mistaken judgment, or misstep through which the fortune of the hero of a tragedy are reversed.
Hubris
Overweening pride or insolence that results in the misfortune of the protagonist of a tragedy.
Peripety
The reversal of fortune for a protagonist - possibly either a fall or a success.
Foot
The unit of rhythm in verse.
Meter
The recurrence in poetry of a rhythmic patter, or the rhythm established by the regular occurrence of similar units of sound.
Stress
The emphasis given a spoken syllable.
Syllable
A linguistic sound produced in a single effort of articulation.
Syncopation
A musical term used for the effect produced by a temporary displacing or shifting of the regular beat.
Acronym
A word formed by combining the initial letters or syllables of a series of words to form a name.
Acrostic
A composition arranged in such a way that it spells words, phrases, or sentences when certain letters are selected according to an orderly sequence.
Telestich
An acrostic in which the final words form a word.
Novel of Incident
A term for novel in which episodic action dominates, and plot and character are subordinate.
Roman a clef
A novel in which actual persons are presented under the guise of fiction.
Roman a these
A thesis novel, one intended to establish and illustrate a social doctrine.
Roman de gest
A French epic.
Metafiction
Beyond, above, of a higher logical type of fiction.
Yellow Journalism
Newspapers and magazines specializing in scandal and sensation.
Naturalism
A literary movement between the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries. It is the application of principles of scientific determinism to literature.
Caesure
A pause or break in a line of verse.
Chiasmus
A pattern in which the second part is balanced against the first but with the parts reversed. Ie. "Flowers are lovely, love is flowerlike."
Hiatus
A pause or break between two vowel sounds not separated by a consonant.
Suspension
The willingness to withhold questions about truth, accuracy, or probability in a work.
Compound Rhyme
Rhyme between primary and secondary stressed syllables. Ie. "childhood" and "wildhood."
Feminine Rhyme
A rhyme in which the rhyming stressed syllables are followed by an undifferentiated identical unstressed syllable.
Masculine
Rhyme that falls on the stressed, concluding syllables of rhyme words.
True Rhyme
The later part of the word or phrase is identical sounding to that of another.
Pyrrhic
A foot with two unaccented syllables. Is usually not a singular word, but is a coupling of two syllables from different verbs. Ie. Inter/red with/ their bones.
Poetic License
The privilege of departing from normal order, diction, rhyme, or pronunciation.
Prosody
The principles of versification, particularly as they refer to rhyme, meter, rhythm, and stanza.
Scansion
A system for describing conventional rhythms by dividing lines into feet, indicating the locations of binomial accents, and counting the syllables.
Dolce stil nuovo
The "sweet new style" that flourished among lyric poets in certain Romance languages during the thirteenth century with a premium on lucidity and complex musicality.
Juse d'esirit
A witty playing with words
Mot Juste
Exactly the right word or expression.
Nihil Obstat
Latin for "nothing obstructs," used in the Roman Catholic church to grant permission to publish a book.
Ubi sunt formula
A convention much used in verse, rhetorically asking "where are those who were before?"
Anaphora
The same expression is repeated at the beginning of two or more lines, clauses, or sentences.
Antimetabole
The repetition of words in successive clauses in reverse grammatical order.
Apostrophe
A figure of speech in which someone, some abstract quality, or a nonexistent personage is directly addressed as though present.
Soliloquy
A speech delivered while the speaker is alone, calculated to inform the audience of what is passing in the characters' mind.
Euphemism
An affected style that flourished late in the sixteenth century in England, especially in court circles; a generally innocuous word or expression used in place of one that may be found offensive or suggest something unpleasant.
Spoonerism
An accidental interchange of sounds, usually the initial consonants, in two or more words.
Hyperbole
Exaggeration.
Litotes
A form of understatement in which a thing is affirmed by stating the negative of its opposite.
Didactism
Instructiveness in a work, one purpose of which is to give guidance, particularly in moral, ethical, or religious matters.
Modernism
A period in literature beginning after World War 1 marked by the strenuousness of that experience and by the flowering of talent and experiment that came during the boom of the twenties and that fell away during the ordeal of the economic depression in the thirties.
Sentimentalism
An overindulgence in emotion, especially the conscious effort to induce emotions in order to enjoy it; an optimistic overemphasis of the goodness of humanity.
Dystopia
This term is applied to accounts of imaginary worlds, usually in the future, in which present tendencies are carried out to their intensely unpleasant culminations.
Bon Mot
A witty repartee or statement; a clever saying.
Paradox
A statement that although seemingly contradictory or absurd may actually be well founded or true.
Metaphor
A comparison not using like or as.
Allusion
A figure of speech that makes brief reference to a historical or literary figure, event, or object.
Personification
Giving human characteristics to something that is not human.
Alliteration
The repetition of identical consonant sounds or any vowel sounds in successive or closely associated syllables, especially stressed syllables.
Onomatopeia
Sounds as words. BAM!
Malapropism
An inappropriateness of speech resulting from the use of one word for another, which resembles it.
Symbol - A representation of something in a piece.
Aphorism
A concise statement of a principle or precept given in pointed words.
Simile
A comparison using like or as.
Trope
A figure of speech involving a "turn" or change.
Conceit
May be a brief metaphor or the framework of an entire poem.
Verisimilitude
Indicates the degree to which a work creates the appearance of the truth.
Irony
The recognition of reality different from appearance.
Limerick
A form of light verse that follows a definite pattern; five anapestic lines of which the first, second and fifth, consisting of three feet rhyme, and the third and fourth lines, consisting of two feet, rhyme.
Versicle
A short verse, verset; a short sentence from the psalms recited in responsive readings.
Villanelle
A fixed nineteen line form, originally French, employing only two rhymes and repeating two of the lines according to a set pattern.
YOU MIGHT ALSO LIKE...