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Chapter 8 Health promotion for the school aged child, McKinney (Evolve)
Terms in this set (12)
Parents of a 10-year-old child are concerned that their child has been recently showing signs of low self-esteem. Which developmental information should the nurse consider when discussing this issue with the parents?
A. Changing self-esteem is difficult after about age 5 years.
B. Self-esteem is the objective judgment of one's worthiness.
C. Transitory periods of lowered self-esteem are expected developmentally.
D. High self-esteem develops when parents show adequate love for the child.
Which is an important consideration related to childhood stress?
A. Children do not have coping strategies.
B. Children should be protected from stress.
C. Parents cannot prepare children for stress.
D. Some children are more vulnerable to stress than others.
The school nurse is asked to speak with the parents of a 10-year-old boy who has been bullying other children. What response by the nurse is based on what knowledge about children this age?
A. Bullying at this age is considered normal.
B. Children who bully others usually join gangs.
C. Children who bully others usually have low self-esteem.
D. Bullies often have difficulties developing and maintaining relationships.
The parents of an 8-year-old girl tell the nurse that their daughter wants to join a soccer team. What guidance would be appropriate for the nurse to share with the parents?
A. Organized sports, such as soccer, are not appropriate at this age.
B. Competition is detrimental to the establishment of a positive self-image.
C. Sports participation is encouraged if the sport is appropriate to the child's abilities.
D. Girls should compete only against girls because at this age boys are larger and have more muscle mass.
What nursing intervention to promote health during middle childhood would be appropriate?
A. Stress the need for increased calorie intake to meet increased demands.
B. Instruct parents to defer questions about sex until the child reaches adolescence.
C. Reinforce the need for good dental hygiene because these are the years in which permanent teeth erupt.
D. Advise parents that the child will need decreasing amounts of rest toward the end of this period.
Which is an important consideration in preventing injuries during middle childhood?
A. Most injuries occur in or near school or home.
B. Peer pressure is not strong enough to affect risk-taking behavior.
C. Injuries from burns occur with the highest frequency at this age because of the fascination with fire.
D. Lack of muscular coordination and control results in an increased incidence of injuries.
Which is descriptive of the social development of school-age children?
A. Identification with peers is minimal.
B. Children frequently have "best friends."
C. Boys and girls play equally well with children of either gender.
D. Peer approval is not yet an influence toward conformity.
The school nurse is discussing dental health with children in first grade. Which information should the nurse include in the presentation?
A. Teach the children how to floss teeth properly.
B. Recommend using a toothbrush with hard nylon bristles.
C. Emphasize the importance of brushing before bedtime.
D. Recommend using nonfluoridated toothpaste approved by the American Dental Association.
How does the onset of the pubertal growth spurt compare in girls and boys?
A. In girls, it occurs about 1 year before it appears in boys.
B. In girls, it occurs about 3 years before it appears in boys.
C. In boys, it occurs about 1 year before it appears in girls.
D. It is about the same in both boys and girls.
A 12-year-old child being seen in the clinic has not received the vaccine for the hepatitis B virus (HBV). What recommendation should the nurse make?
A. One dose of HBV vaccine is needed at age 14 years.
B. The three-dose series of HBV vaccine should be started.
C. Only one dose of HBV vaccine will be needed sometime during adolescence.
D. The three-dose series of HBV vaccine should be started at age 16 years or sooner if the adolescent becomes sexually active.
A condition in which the teeth are crowded, crooked, or out of alignment is known as
The nurse is reviewing with a group of school age parents about what to expect regarding their school-aged children. What information should the nurse include? (Select all that apply.)
A. The average weight gain is 7 lbs per year.
B. The average increase in height is 2 inches per year.
C. Children this age like to collect groups of things like coins.
D. They really want to please their parents and teachers.
E. The developmental task for this age is initiative.
F. Children this age are able to understand sports and social rules.
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