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11 terms

Baroque

Key words in baroque opera
STUDY
PLAY
Aria
Song. Rythms often borrowed from dances
Basso continuo
Continuous bassline. Usually plaed by the cello. The organ/harpsichord/flute filled in the chords from the figured bass notation
Figured bass
Numbers indicationg the chords that needed to be played. However much of this accompaniment was improvised
French overture
Used by Lully and Rameau. Section A was slow/majestic, using dotted rhythms. Section B was quicker and used imitation. These were followed either by 1 or 2 dances or a repeat of section A
Italian overture
Used often by Alessandro Scarlatti. In 3 sections: quick-slow-quick. Developed into the classical symphony
Monody
Single vocal line supported by an instrumental bassline
Recitative
Half singing, half reciting. The music followed the natural rhythm of the words
Recitative secco
Recitative supported by simple chords on the continuo
Recitative stromentato / accompagnato
Recitative with a simple orchestral accompaniment
Stile antico
The old contrapuntal/polyphonic style of the Medieval and Renaissance music
Stile moderno
The title given to this new Baroque monodic music