Students of Civics Complete American Government Vocabulary Review

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Terms in this set (...)

Federalism
What system gives national, state, and local governments separate and shared powers?
Checks & Balances
What system divides power between the President, Congress, and the Supreme Court?
Executive Branch
Which branch of government includes the President who has the power to enforce or veto laws?
Legislative Branch
Which branch of government includes the House and Senate, which have the power to make and fund laws?
Judicial Branch
Which branch of government includes the Supreme Court, which has the power to review and interpret laws?
President
In the Executive Branch, who has the power to enforce laws, sign treaties with other nations, and make war?
Supreme Court
In the Judicial Branch, who has the power to determine if Congressional laws and Presidential actions follow the Constitution?
Congress
In the Legislative Branch, who has the power to create laws, fund government, impeach officials, and declare war?
Veto
What power allows the President to reject laws?
Judicial Review
What power allows the Supreme Court to declare both Congressional and Presidential actions unconstitutional?
Override
What power allows Congress to overturn a President's veto with 2/3 approval?
Impeachment
What power allows Congress to remove both Supreme Court judges or the President for wrong-doing?
Federalists
Believed the Constitution was necessary to create a federal government.
Anti-Federalists
Favored the Articles of Confederation because they feared the Constitution would give the federal government too much power, and create a Monarchy. Signed on to the Constitution after insisting on Bill of Rights
Bill of Rights
In 1787 ten amendments were added to the Constitution to protect specific rights. What is the name of this document?
House
Which chamber of Congress includes 435 members who serve 2 year terms; power is based on proportional representation or the size of each state's population?
Senate
Which chamber of Congress includes 100 members who serve 6 year terms; power is based on equal representation, which gives each state 2?
Articles of Confederation
In 1777, the Continental Congress established a weak federal government in favor of strong state governments. What was the name of this document?
Constitution
In 1787, the Continental Congress replaced the Articles of Confederation with a strong federal government capable of enforcing the rule of law in every state. What is the name of this document?
Popular Sovereignty or Self-Government
What paradigm does the Constitution represent with the words "We the People"?
Democracy
What kind of government is ruled by society's majority group who has authority over minority groups?
1st Amendment
Freedom from the establishment of religion, freedom of religion, speech, press, assembly, and petition
2nd Amendment
Right to bear arms
3rd Amendment
Says you don't have to house soldiers in your home during times of peace.
4th Amendment
Protects citizens against unreasonable searches or seizures
5th Amendment
Right to grand jury, indictment, no double jeopardy, freedom from self-incrimination, due process of law
6th Amendment
Right to a speedy and public trial. Right to an attorney
8th Amendment
Prohibits Cruel and Unusual Punishment
13th Amendment
Outlawed slavery in the US
14th Amendment
Declares that all persons born in the U.S. are citizens and are guaranteed equal protection of the laws
15th Amendment
This amendment granted black men the right to vote.
19th Amendment
Gave women the right to vote
Marbury v. Madison
This case establishes the Supreme Court's power of Judicial Review
Checks and Balances
A system that allows each branch of government to limit the powers of the other branches in order to prevent abuse of power
Delegated Powers of the Federal Government
-Declare war
-Coin Money
-regulate interstate trade
US Constitution
The US governing document. Supreme Law of the Land
Reserved powers of the states
-public education
-establish local goverments
-conduct elections
-laws on marriage and divorce
Legislative branch
Makes the laws
Executive branch
Carries out the laws
Judicial branch
Interprets the laws
Judicial Review
The power of the Supreme Court to declare laws and actions of local, state, or national governments unconstitutional
Number of Senators
100
Number of House of Representatives
435
House of Representatives
House of Congress affected by the census (Count of the population)
Electoral College
System that selects our president
Bill of Rights
Added to the Constitution to protect individual freedoms
4 Characteristics of a State/ Nation
Sovereignty, Population, Government and Territory
Direct Democracy
Direct vote from the people / small populations
Indirect Democracy/ Representative Democracy
Decisions made by a representative that you elect based on their similar viewpoints to yours
3 English documents that influenced the Constitution
Magna Carta, Petition of Rights, and English Bill of Rights
A colonial tax that increased the likelihood of a American Revolution
Stamp Tax
Gerrymandering
Re-drawing the lines of a district based upon party lines
Interstate Commerce
trade between states
Necessary and Proper Clause ( Elastic Clause)
Clause that allows Congress "To make all Laws in order to help carry out the Expressed Powers
Speaker of the House
Manages and is in charge of the House of Representative
Bicameral
A legislature consisting of two parts, or houses
3/5 Compromise
Allowed slaves to counted as less for the purposes of representation and taxes
Great Compromise / Connecticut Compromise
Combining parts of the Virginia and New Jersey Plan regarding representation
Secretary of State
The head of the U.S. Department of State; a member of the President's Cabinet
NAFTA
North American Free Trade Agreement; allows open trade with US, Mexico, and Canada.
Municipal Government
The local government unit that administers a city or town.
Mayor-Council
Most common form of city government

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