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112 terms

A&P II -CHAPTER FIVE & SIX PACKET

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The combining form of the first part of the large intestine is
cec/o
Pertaining to the abdomen
celiac
Muscular wave like movement to transport food through the digestive system
peristalsis
Part of the tooth that contains a rich supply of nerves and blood vessels
pulp
gingiv/o means
gums
Buccal means
cheek
High blood levels of a pigment released by the liver with bile
hyperbilirubinemia
Carries bile into the duodenum
common bile duct
Enzyme to digest starch
amylase
Chronic inflammation of the intestinal tract
crohn disease
Ring of muscles
sphincter
Specialist in gums
periodontist
Stomato means
mouth
Cheil/o and Labi/o means
lip
Stone in a salivary gland
Sialadenolithiasis
Membrane that connects parts of small intestine
Mesentery
New opening from the large bowel to the surface of the body
colostomy
Fats are improperly digested and appear in the feces
steatorrhea
Lack of appetite
anorexia
Another term for jaundice
icterus
Esophageal varices are
swollen twisted veins
abnormal side pockets in a hollow organ, such as the intestine
diverticula
Telescoping of the intestine
intussusception
Difficulty in swallowing
dysphagia
White plaques on the mucous of the mouth
oral leukoplakia
Third part of the small intestine
ileum
Organ under thestomach produces insulin and enzymes
pancreas
first part of the large intestine
cecum
small sac under the liver stores bile
gallbladder
Tube connecting the throat to the stomach
esophagus
Large intestines
colon
First part of the small intestine
duodenum
Throat
pharynx
Gloss/o and ling/o means
tongue
Or/o and stomat/o means
mouth
Lapar/o and celi/o means
abdomen
Enlargement of the liver
hepatomegaly
Study of the case (of disease)
etilogy
Incision of the common bile duct
choledochotomy
Surgical repair of the roof of the mouth
palatoplasty
After meals
post prandial
New opening between the common bile duct and the jejunum
choledochojejunostomy
Inflammation of the appendix
appendicitis
Inflammation of the membrane around the abdomen
peritonitis
Inflammation of the large intestines
colitis
Inflammation of the gallbladder
cholecystitis
Inflammation of the salivary gland
sialadenitis
Inflammation of the small and large intestines
enterocolitis
Inflammation of the liver
hepatitis
Inflammation of the pancreas
pancreatitis
Inflammation of the mouth
stomatitis
Inflammation of the gums
gingivitis
Inflammation of the third part of the small intestine
ileitis
Swollen twisted veins in the rectal region
hemorrhoids
Chronic liver disease resulting from alcoholism and malnutrition
cirrhosis
Faliure of peristalsis
ileus
Calculi in the sac that stores bile
cholecystolithiasis
Sore or lesion of the mucous membrane in the stomach or duodenum
peptic ulcer
Painful, inflamed intestines often caused by bacterial infection
dysentery
Group of gastrointestinal symptoms associated with stress, but without inflammation of the intestines
irritable bowel syndrome
Bright fresh red blood in stools
hematochezia
Abnormal accumulation of fluid in the abdomen
asicites
Black, dark -brown, tarry stools
melena
Membrane that holds intestines together
mesentery
Pertaining to under the tongue
glossal sublingu
New connection between two previously unconected tubes
anastomosis
Yellow-orange coloration of the skin; icterus
jaundice
rumbling or gurgling noises produced by the movement of gas or fluid
borborygmus
Abnormal accumulation of fluid in the peritoneal cavity
ascites
Physical process of breaking down large fat globules into smaller parts
emulsification
Salivary gland near the ear
parotid
Swallowing
deglutition
Small substance that are produced when proteins are digested
amino acids
Tiny microscopic projections in the walls of the small intestine
Villi
This tube carries bile from the liver and gallbladder into the duodenum
choledochus/cbd
Chewing
mastication
Small nipple like elevations on the tongue
papillae
Large fat molecules
triglycerides
Ring of muscles at the distal region of the stomach
pyloric sphincter
Pancreatic enzyme necessaryt to digest fats
lipase
Substance produced by the stomach and necessary for digestion of foods
hydrochloric acid
Twisting of the intestine upon itself
volvulus
Small benign growths protrude from the mucous membrane of the large bowel
colonic polyposis
Failure of LES muscles to relax
achalasia
Inflammation of the mouth with open sores
apthous stomatitis or hepatic
Nutrition is given other than through the intestine
parenteral
Formation of new sugar from fats and protein
gluconeogenesis
Spitting up blood from the respiratory tract and lungs
hemotypsis
Suture
-rrhaply
New opening between the two pars of the jejunum
jejunojejunostomy
Dilation of lymph vessel
lymphangiectasis
Difficult digestion
dyspepsia
Narrowing of the opening between stomach and intestine
pyloric stenosis
What would tell the presence of Melena
stool guaiac
An ulcer would most likely be detected by what test
gastroscopy
Esophagus does not open to the stomach at birth
esophageal atresia
Bursting forth of blood from the spleen
spleenorrhagia
What test would demonstrate choledocholithiasis
transhepatic cholangiography
Opposite of -ectasis
-stenosis
Anastomosis
cholecystojejunostomy
Forward protrusion of the eye
proptosis
Suture of a weakened muscular wall
herniorrhaphy
Emesis
vomiting
Glossotomy
incision of the tongue
-ase
enzyme
-ectasia
dilation, widening, stretching
-ectomy
removal, excision, resection
-spasm
sudden involuntary contraction of muscles
orexia
appetite
-stasis
to stop, control
-ptosis
sagging, drooping, protrude
-lysis
breakdown, destruction