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Biology Semester II Exam Review
Component of the cell wall of plants
Primary part of the plant used for photosynthesis
Parallel leaf venation
Reproductive part of an anthophyte
Necessary to transport sperm and for diffusion of water and nutrients in nonvascular plants
Type of plant cell with thick, rigid cell walls
Hormone which helps ripen fruits
Contains both stamen (male) and pistil (female) parts
Seed dispersal mechanism using hairy plumes
Seed dispersal mechanism using hooks and barbs
Dicot leaf has this venation
Transports sugars down a plant from the leaves
Plant's response to light
Female reproductive part of a nonvascular plant
Anthophyte that lives for only one year
Plant type that has naked seeds
Flowering plants with enclosed seeds and fruit
Symmetry of worms, butterflies and man
Number of body segments of a tick
Number of body segments of a spider
Number of body segments of insects
Egg, larve, pupa, adult
Egg, nymph adult
Number of walking legs of insects
Number of walking legs of spider
Undercooked pork may contain
stinging cells that discharge when tentacles are touched
Most distinguishing characteristics of arthropods
Cnidarians capture food with
Process of shedding exoskeleton while new one grows beneath old one
Aquatic arthropods breathe using these
Sponges and other sessile organisms feed by what means?
Group of Cnidarians that provide food, shelter for other organisms
Part of insect that senses vibrations, food, and pheremones
Flat worm with a pharynx, (muscluar tube for feeding)
Symmetry of adult sea stars and sea urchins
Vertebrate with a 2- chambered heart
test chemicals in air
Reason snakes flick out their tongues
Distinguishing characteristic of birds
Mammals are classified by their
Amphibians organ to sense vibrations from water or air
Mammal type that fully develops in uterus with umbilical cord
Lamprey and Hagfish
Two fish that lack jaws
Class of bony fish
Vertebrate characterized with thin, moist skin
Sense organ on snake's roof of mouth which detects airborne chemicals
Fish sense organ which detects vibrations and movement in the water
Platypus and Echidna
Two examples of egg laying Monotremes
Most marsupials are located here
Muscle type of internal organs
Conserves body heat
Main advantage of hair
smell, sound, touch
Three ways animals communicate
Attachment behavior at a critical time in life
Trial and Error
Behavior where an animal receives a reward
Muscle contractions that are not controlled
Type of behavior in which an animal protects his home area
Chemical animal communicates with
24-hour cycle of an animal
Biologist who demonstrated conditioning in dogs
Animal behavior where they are showing agitation toward another
Heart muscle type
Mutual relationship between a fungus and algae
Mutual relationship between fungus and plant roots
Bacteria is identified by their
Sexual reproduction in bacteria exchanging genetic information
Virus that infects bacterial cells
Viruses are classified as
Causes holes in cell walls of bacteria killing them
plant-like protist that causes red tide
Fungus is classified by their
Fungi and bacteria are considered this since they can transform complex molecules into simpler raw materials
Protozoan with a whip-like tail
Short hair-like structures on a paramecium
Plant-like Protist made of various shells of silica
Kingdom of Eukaryotes, multi or unicellular includes algae and protozoans
Reproduction that produces identical daughter cells as the parent cell. (binary fission and budding)
First to propose a taxonomic system
Composed of genus and species
A two word naming system
Language used for scientific names
Science of grouping and naming organisms
Placing of information or objects into groups based on similarities
step by step approach to identify an organism using a series of paired descriptions
Kingdom, Phylum, Class, Order, Family, Genus, Species
7 Levels of Classification in order
Kingdom of insects, worms, sponges and elephants
First word of the scientific name
Kingdom of mosses, conifers and flowering plants
Kingdom of mushrooms, puffballs and yeast
Archeabacteria and Eubacteria
Two kingdoms of prokaryotic cells
Kingdom of plant-like (algae) and animal-like (protozoans) organisms
Kingdom of all eukaryotic, heterotrophic, multicellular organisms
Kingdom of all autotrophic and multicellular organisms
Hydrogen, methane, ammonia, and water vapor
Evolutionary belief of gases in the primitive atmosphere
small pools of amino acids
Starting in the 1950's Evolutionists suggested life came from
Widely accepted view of life coming from nothing before Biogenesis was accepted
Evolutionary Era when Human were thought to "evolve"
4.6 Billion Years
Evolutionary time line when earth was supposedly formed
Evolutionary viewpoint on first group of organisms to evolve
Urey and Miller
Scientists who tried to conduct an experiment to prove life came from earth's ancient conditions
Founder of modern Evolution theory
Group of lemurs and tarsiers
Evolutionary idea that the wing of a bat is common to the arm of a human
The name of the Evolutionary idea that some organs no longer function
The ability an animal has to blend in with it's surroundings
Ability of an animal to look like another more harmful animal
Evolution idea that nature selects which characteristics will continue in an animal population
Range of Tolerance
Animals ability to withstand environmental fluctuations
Organisms that can convert light into chemical energy
Organ which produces the female egg
Organ which produces the male sperm
Female organ where a fetus develops
Gonorrhea, syphilis, and chlamydia are all caused by
Tail, head, mitochondria
Three parts of the male sperm
Small sacs of the lungs where gas exchange takes place
Body system that helps recover body fluids and returns it to the blood
Body system the protects and regulates the body's temperature
Species not native to a given area
Part of the retina that allows you to see color
Central nervous system
Brain and spinal cord
Organs that collect waste from cells and maintains the bodies homeostasis
Carries impulses from environment to brain/spinal cord
Carries impulses from brain/spinal cord to muscles
Menstrual cycle begins during the stage
Causes genital herpes, warts and AIDS
Virus that weakens the immune system
System which produces hormones for the body
Type of drug which slows down and reduces nervous system activity
Color of Gram positive stained bacteria
Theory which suggests all life is complex and best explained by an intelligent cause
Pigment that causes various shade of skin color
Term used to refer to "before the flood"
Hebrew word used for "day" typically written for describing a 24 hour period
Biblical understanding of the cause of death, disease, blood shed
2 Timothy 3: 16-17
"All scripture is God breathed, and is profitable for doctrine, for reproof, for correction, for instruction in righteousness..."
"by one man sin entered the world, and death by sin..."
Shem's descendants migrated to this area
Ham's descendants migrated to this area
Japheth's descendants migrated to this area
Tower of Babel dispersion
What Biblical event caused smaller population sizes and disrupted genetic equilibrium
The percent difference of any two people in the world
over hunting and harsh environmental conditions
Possible reasons for dinosaurs being extent
Book of the Bible that contains descriptions of animals similar to dinosaurs
Changes in animals that are limited to the species gene pool
Changes in animals that require beneficial mutations involving addition of new information into the DNA
Initial starting belief of a person that determines their viewpoint concerning the origin of life
Greatest threat to animal diversity
Part of plant that functions in absorption of water and minerals and anchors the plant
Hook, Pin, and Heart worms are all considered ___________ worms.
Leech and earthworms are ___________ worms.
Alternation of Generations
Life cycle of organisms that switch from asexual to sexual reproduction
Kingdom of bacteria that live in extreme environments
Building a road in the middle of an ecosystem is an example of...
A role an organism has in an environment...like being a predator
_________ decreases as you move from one trophic level to the next
Where an organism lives...
A symbiotic relationship when both organisms benefit from the relationship...
Older fossils are at the bottom
An evolutionary assumption using the fossil record to prove how old a fossil is.
Pollen of a plant contains ______________.
Leaves often have a large surface area which enhances the plants ability to ________________.
Vascular tissue of a plant make up the plant's ______.
The stomata of the plant leaf is regulated by _______.
The most abundant plant cell which has thin cell walls and large vacuoles...
Moss plants produce sperm in the ____________.
In the fern life cycle, the spores germinates into a heart shaped gametophyte called a ____________.
During the embryological develop, the skin and nervous tissue is formed from the __________ layer.
Crabs, lobsters and pill bugs belong to the Class _______.
Sand dollars, sea stars and sea cucumbers belong to the Class ____________.
suction in the tube feet
Sea stars move and capture prey by the aide of the ____________________.
Sagging, wrinkles and dryness are all effects of __________.
The most abundant substance in the body.
The mouth, esophagus, stomach and intestines make up the ________.
The liver, pancreas and gall bladder are ________ to the digestive system.
The primary function of the small intestine is ____________.
A stimulant is a drug that __________ the activities of the nervous system.
The organ which stores urine before being expelled form the body is the _______________.
The filtering unit of the kidney...
Cells of the nervous system are called ___________.
A decomposer that is heterotrophic and eukaryotic.
Bacteria can survive harsh conditions by forming
round, rod and spiral
The three primary shapes of bacteria are __________.
A viral cycle which uses the host cell's parts to reproduce more particles and exits the cell killing it.
Neo-Darwinists believe evolution occurred through beneficial ______________.
Ecologists who study a group of different animals and how they relate to each other and to the abiotic parts of the environment are interested in studying the _________________.
__________ other religious books that people of faith believe are divinely inspired but none of them except the Bible have specific fulfilled prophecies.
The % of the Bible which contains what was predictive prophecy at the time that it was written.
Over _______archeological studies have confirmed the Bible's truthfulne.ss
There are more than ________ sources outside of the Bible, written within 150 years of Jesus' life that attest to more than 100 facts regarding Jesus' life, death, resurrection and teachings.
_________ evidence was written about way before, microscopes, telescopes and satellites were invented providing students of the Scriptures to have knowledge of the universe and creation.
There are over ______________ handwritten copies of just the New Testament verifying we have the same Bible as the early church used 2000 years ago.
The layer of plant tissue that functions like our skin
Connects muscle to bone
Kingdom containg bacteria in non-extreme environments
The largest part of the brain is the