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Chapter 2 Psychology Test
Terms in this set (50)
The nervous system is defined as...
A complex network of cells that carries information to and from all parts of the body
The branch of life sciences which involves the structure and function of the brain and nervous system, while also focusing on the relationship between learning and behavior, is called
The branchlike structures that RECEIVE messages from other neurons are called
Which part of the neuron is responsible for maintaining the life of the cell?
soma - cell body
Which part of a neuron is attached to the soma and carries messages out to other cells?
Which of the following best represents the order in which a neuron received and transmits information?
dendrites, cell body, axon, axon terminals
the term "fire" when referring to neural transmission indicates that a neuron
has received, in its dendrites, appropriate inputs from other neurons
What do we call the state of a neuron when it is NOT firing a neural impuse?
A chemical found in the synaptic vesicles which, when released, has an effect on the next cell is called a
The two main divisions of the nervous system are the ______ and ______
peripheral nervous system; central nervous system
Which part of the nervous system takes the information received from the senses,makes sense out of it, makes decisions, and send commands out to the muscles and the rest of the body
which of the following are the three basic types of neuron?
interneurons, sensory neurons, motor neurons
the division of the nervous system that allows the brain and the spinal cord to communicate with the sensory systems of the eyes, ears, skin, and mouth, and allows the brain and spinal cord to control the muscles and glands of the body, is called the _____
peripheral nervous system
Voluntary muscles are controlled by the _______ nervous system
The subdivision of the peripheral nervous system that is make up of all nerves carrying messages from the senses to the central nervous system and all nerves carrying messages from the central nervous system to skeletal muscles is call the _____
somatic nervous system
The subdivision of the peripheral nervous system that consists of nerves that control all of the involuntary muscles, organs and glands is called the ______ system
The branch of the autonomic nervous system that restores the body to normal functioning after arousal and is responsible for day-to-day functioning of the organs and glands is called the ________
parasympathetic nervous system
secrete hormones directly int the bloodstream
Which endocrine gland controls all of the other endocrine glands?
Darnell is overweight. His physician has decided to perform diagnostic tests on Darnell's _____ to check for problems with his metabolism.
Denise just received the results of a complete physial that found her body is not producing enough insulin. Which of the following endocrine glands is affecting her body's ability to produce insulin?
In order to study parts of an animal's brain, researchers may sometimes deliberately damage a part of the brain. They accomplish this by placing into the brain a thin insulated wire through which they send an electrical current that destroys the brain cells at the the tip of the wire. This technique is called _____
Rashad is in the hospital and is about to undergo a brain-imaging process that involves placing him inside a magnetic field so that a computer can create three-dimensional images of his brain. What procedure is he about to undergo?
magnetic resonance imaging (MRI)
Which of the following is a machine designed to record the brain wave patterns produced by electrical activity of the brain's cortex, just below the scalp?
Which of the following is a brain imaging method in which radioactive sugar is injected into the subject and a computer complies a color-coded image of the activity of the brain
positron emission tomography (PET)
A researcher wants to obtain a "movie" of changes in the activity of the brain using images from different time periods. Which of these would be the best choice for the researcher?
functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI)
The _____ is a structure in the brain stem responsible for life-sustaining functions such as breathing and heart rate.
A college student is having difficulty staying awake during the day and sleeping through the night. her difficulties are MOST likely due to problems in the ______
What is the main function of the reticular formation
to control levels of alertness and arousal
coordinates involuntary rapid fine-motor movement
Which of the following is a group of several brain structures located in the inner margin of the upper brain and is involved in learning, emotion, memory and motivation?
Which part of the brain is very small but extremely powerful and controls the pituitary gland?
What part of the brain acts as a relay station for incoming sensory information?
Eating, drinking, sexual behavior, sleeping and temperature control are most strongly influenced by the _____.
If you have a problem remembering tings that happened a year ago, doctors might check for damage to the area of the brain called the ____.
Which of the following brain structures is located near the hippocampus and is responsible for fear responses and memory of fear?
The outermost part of the brain that is made up of tightly packed neurons and is only a tenth of an inch thick is called the _______
The thick band of neurons that connects the right and left cerebral hemispheres is called the ______
Which of the following is the section of the brain located at the rear and bottom of each cerebral hemisphere and contains the visual centers of the brain?
Darla was in an automobile accident that resulted in an injury to her brain. Her sense of touch has been affected. Which part of the brain is the most likely siste of the damage?
The part of the brain located just behind the temples, containing neurons responsible for the sense of hearing and meaningful speech, is called the ________
the temporal lobes
Joella was rollerblading when a cat jumped right in front of her, causing her to trip and fall. When she fell, she partially landed on the front side of her head near her forehead. Shortly afterward, Joella exhibited symptoms similar to that of Phineas Gage. Which area of the brain would have been most affected by this fall?
Bill was admitted to the hospital last week after he fell. When Bill's son visited, he found his father was unable to get words out in a smooth, connected fashion. If Bill's difficulty speaking is due to brain damage, what is the likely location of the damage?
The area of the back of the left temporal lobe that is crucial in the ability to listen, process, and understand what others are saying is ______ area
Researcher Roger Sperry won a Nobel prize for his research on epilepsy. Sperry cut through the ______, which oins the two hemispheres of the brain.
If Darren's brain is like that of most people, then language will be handled by his _____
Which is NOT a specific function of the right hemisphere of the brain?
analysis of detail
Which is NOT a specific function of the left hemisphere of the brain?
Since Norma is a split-brain patient, we can infer that she likely has a history of _____
Which of the following is the upper part of the brain consisting of two cerebral hemispheres and the structures that connect them?
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