Religion Mid-term Review
Terms in this set (92)
The word of God became flesh in the person of Jesus Christ
A call from God to all members of the Church to embrace a life of holiness
God, our neighbors, ourselves and our body [in order]
4 objects of love of St.Augustine
Throws off our ability to know God fully, now we must search for Him, and we need the help of Jesus Christ
What does Original Sin do to our ability to know God fully through creation alone?
St. Augustine of Hippo & "First Origin + Ultimate goal"
"Doctor of Grace" & said what about God being our first origin?
God created an inner ________________ in our hearts, which He can only satisfy.
Fathers of the Church
The great theologians of the early/ancient Church after the apostles, who looked at Jesus' core teachings.
Doctors of the Church
Title given to anyone whose writings helped us to better understand the Lord.
Adam & Eve
Who rejected God's perfect world?
Purpose & Relationships
2 things that humans need to be happy, which sets them apart from animals.
Empty vacancy in the human heart that desires purpose & relationships
"As the deer longs for streams of water, so my soul longs for you, O God"
Latin word for "Love & Charity"
The process by which God makes himself known to human reason through the created world.
When we respond to God's invitation and let Him into our hearts, we "Naturally" want to live out the ______________.
Not knowing Jesus at all, could we still know a little about God?
Yes, because of Natural Revelation
Highest point or apex of God's creation
Do humans do the "bare minimum" it takes to survive like animals? Explain
No because we search for "purpose & relationships"
Can be translated as "Happy"
Book of Genesis
Main book in the Bible that is the main OT example of Natural Revelation
St. Thomas Aquinas
-Doctor of the Church
-came up with "first cause proof for God's Existence
-most famous & influential scholastic theologian
-wrote "Summa Theologiae" ["5 proofs" of God]
Latin for "to save"
the teachings of Jesus on the meaning of and way to true happiness
Period in which rational arguments for the existence of God appeared
Philosophical & Systematic
2 methods that "scholastic theology" use to learn more about God
"Five Proofs" of God
-First Mover: everything is always in motion, someone must be behind it all to start it all
-Causality: "1st cause", nothing can cause itself and if it DOES its all God
-Contingency: dependent on something else to exist
-Perfection: "The shadow proves the sunshine", perfect God giving you the idea of perfection to compare the different levels
-Intelligent Being: someone really intelligent is driving us towards our purpose
Blessed Cardinal John Henry Newman
Which of the philosopher/theologian said "You can't prove God's existence, but you can make a good case for it using many different HINTS that He is there"?
[Demonic Possession] Author of all sin & evil in the world & a fallen angel
[DP] How far can deliverance from possession can be traced?
[DP] The types of casting out demons and exorcism we know today can be traced back to ________________ in the Gospels.
-use of ouija board
[DP] Possible causes of demonic possession
obsession, oppression, possession
[DP] Levels of demonic activity
[DP] A person must be cleared of _______________ before the Catholic Church considers exorcism.
One of the reasons an all-powerful, all-loving God could allow the possibility for someone to become influenced by the Devil is because ___________ ____________ among people.
Did people throughout the Church's history ever debate the idea that you could know God through Natural Revelation?
How much more powerful is God than Satan?
St. Padre Pio
Which Saint said "The Devil is a chained dog"?
Along with the teachings and correcting the nation of Israel, many prophets would talk about a coming ______________ who would save the nation of Israel from its enemies.
"And the Word was became flesh, and made his dwelling among us."
How did the Gospels of John explain the time for the prophesies of the Messiah to be fulfilled?
Who is the "fullness" of Divine Revelation, and our "instruction manual" for figuring out who we are and why we're here?
Name for the words and teachings, handed down from Jesus and the apostles that aren't necessarily in the Bible?
Who was given the authority, by JESUS HIMSELF, to interpret the Bible and figure out his teachings?
Passing on of Apostolic preaching & authority from the Apostles to all Bishops
300 years after Jesus
How long did it take for the Church to decide on which specific books would "make it" into the Bible?
Deposit of Faith
Sacred Scripture & Sacred Tradition, we take the basic teachings of the Church of those and we get an inheritance of faith.
Living teaching office of the Church. Job is to interpret it so no one argued about it.
You are supposed to treasure your faith as a _____________ and share it with others.
-change peoples hearts
-give meaning and purpose to ppl
-get ppl to heaven
What does the message of Christianity have the power to do?
The handing on of the message of God's saving plan through words and deeds.
-came BEFORE written tradition
Center of the written tradition of the story of Christ
Hebrew, Greek, Aramaic
3 original languages of the Bible
Apostolic origin, community acceptance, use in Christian worship, consistency: it make sense?
4 criteria the early Church used to choose which books made it into the "canon" of scripture
OG Greek translation of the Old Testament
Went village to village, city to city , to bring the message Christ shared with them to other people
Will scared scripture & tradition ever contradict?
Can the books of the Bible sometimes be wrong when teaching the faith?
3 Reasons the Gospel writers chose to put the story of Christ into writing.
-preserve Gods message
-safe guard, "no one messed with it"
-didn't want to lose testimonies
73 total books in the Catholic Bible
GUIDED the writers of the Bible and we need that to UNDERSTAND it
Literal & Spiritual senses
2 senses of scripture talked about St. Thomas Aquinas
SPIRITUAL sense of scripture, takes the passage looks at how it AFFECTS a persons choices and helps us understand right and wrong
Looks for symbols in the passage
Looks at whole picture (literary form, context, tone, modern science, sacred tradition, etc.)
Take passage completely as it is
Analogy of Faith
Term that describes how all of the truths of our faith are interconnected
Part of the Bible that "sets up" and lay the framework for our Christian faith.
Part of the Bible that shows Gods love for His chosen people, the Hebrews, and how He revealed Himself to them
first 5 books of the bible
Torah/ Pentateuch/ Books of the Law
Tells the Jewish trials & triumphs before Christ
5 books in new testament
Gospels, acts of apostles, Pauline and non-Pauline & book of Revelation
Old Testament, gives gr8 advice on how to be wise and holy.
Dead Sea scrolls
Biggest biblical archeological find of the last 100 years. Proved that the people of that time tried preserve what they saw that was somewhat Jesus Christ
The book of genesis has repetition
Literary form in the Bible is?
Time enforce the invention of writing
7 days order , creation of first humans, Adam and Eve
Two accounts in Genesis about creation
Holiness & death
Through Original Sin the first humans and all their descendants lost their original ____________ and became subject to _____________.
Cain and Abel, Noah and the Flood, Tower of Babel
3 biblical accounts in Genesis that show the lasting influence of Original Sin
____________ redeemed humanity and broke the bonds of Original Sin
Great model of faith in God
Christianity, Judaism, Islam
Covenant relationship with God
This is who God reveled his " Law " so it can be revealed to his people through him.
Abraham, Isaac, Jacob
Who are known as the Patriarchs?
These are Jacob's descendants, they were called this because of Jacob's perseverance. (Jacob fought angel and it was a test, with he passed)
Reconciliation and peace
In book of Genesis, God shows repeatedly the "brokenness" of humanity so that we know his promise of?
Vocation of mother and father
Calling in the Old Testament, that patriarchs and holy women do.
Manna and drew from a rock
When Israelites were hungry and thirsty what did God do to provide them?
Where Moses received the Ten Commandments from God
summarizes the Law of God found in the entire Torch, the Book of Law
Framework to help us build a more JUST society
Teach us how to liv in RIGHT RELATIONSHIP with God
Old Law & New Law
Old Law; given to Moses, prep for the Gospel
New Law; revealed through Jesus, perfected Old Law through Sacraments
Polytheistic beliefs, refuse to hand over land
2 ways the Israelites fund Canaan to be hostile
12 heroic people who settled disputes
Acted as a conscience for the Israelites
Priest & prophet who was the last judge of Israel
Offered own sacrifice & impatient
2 ways Saul disobeyed God
-Temple of the Lord
-strengthening and modernizing the Israelite army
-creating trade alliances its other nations