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Preparing and Administering Medication
Terms in this set (45)
Before administering any medication in the medical office, you should be familiar with...
The medication ordered by the physician and the procedure necessary to administer the drug accurately and safely.
If you are to administer a drug that you are not familiar with, what should you do first?
You must look up any drug you are not familiar with to determine the drug classification, the usual dosage, and the route of administration.
To ensure safety when administering medications, follow these guidelines:
1. Know the policies of your office regarding the administration of medication.
2. Give only the medications that the physician has ordered in writing. Do not accept verbal orders.
3. Check with the physician if you have any doubts about a medication or an order.
4. Avoid conversation and other distractions while preparing and administering medications.
6. Check the label when taking the medications from the shelf, when preparing it, and when replacing it on the shelf or disposing of the empty container.
7. Place the order and the medication side by side to compare for accuracy.
8. Check the strength of the medication and the route of administration.
9. Read labels carefully.
10. Check the patient's medical record for allergies.
11. Check the medication's expiration date.
12. Be alert for color changes, precipitation, odor, or any indication that the medication's properties have changed.
13. Measure exactly.
14. Have sharps containers as close to the area as possible.
15. Put on gloves for all procedures that might result in contact with blood or body fluids.
16. Stay with the patient while he or she takes oral medications.
17. Never return the medication to the container after it is poured or removed.
18. Never recap, bend, or break a used needle.
19. Never give a medication poured or drawn up by someone else.
20. Never leave the medication cabinet unlocked when not in use.
21. Never give keys to the medicine cabinet to an unauthorized person.
22. Never document mediation given by someone else, and do not ask someone else to document medication that you have administered.
Explain the three (3) checks for safe administration...
Check the label when taking the medications from the shelf, when preparing it, and when replacing it on the shelf or disposing of the empty container.
What are the eight rights for correct medication administration?
1. Right person.
2. Right time.
3. Right dose.
4. Right route.
5. Right drug.
6. Right technique.
7. Right documentation.
8. Patient has the right to refuse
twice a day
hour of sleep
no known allergies
nothing by mounth
whenever necessary / as needed
every two hours
every three hours
four times a day
every other day
three times a day
List the routes of medication administration...
Of all the medication routes, which is most preferred by patients and the easiest to administer?
Taken orally, or by mouth; are usually slow to take effect, this route cannot be used for unconscious patients, those with nausea and vomiting, or those who are ordered to take nothing by mouth. May be administered as tablets, capsules, pills, or liquids. Absorbed through the wall of the gastrointestinal tract.
Placed under the patient's tongue; it must not be swallowed. Dissolved by the saliva in the mouth and is absorbed directly into the bloodstream through the oral mucosa covering the sublingual vessels. Patient should not eat or drink anything until the medication is completely dissolved.
Placed in the pouch between the cheek and gum at the side of the mouth and absorbed through the vascular oral mucosa.
Parenteral administration is...
Refers not only to injections, but to all ways drugs are administered other than via the gastrointestinal tract. These routes are used if a patient cannot take medications orally, if the drug cannot be absorbed through the gastrointestinal system, or if rapid absorption of the drug is desired.
This route may be used for patients who are NPO or who have nausea and vomiting, but they are never used for patients who have diarrhea.
Have a cocoa butter or glycerin base that melts at body temperature, therefore should be stored in the refrigerator to prevent melting. Should be retained by the patient for about 20 to 30 minutes before elimination.
Includes creams, tablets, coco butter-based suppositories, and solutions for douches including hormonal creams and antibiotic or anti-fungal preparations.
Are applied to the skin and include topical creams, lotions, ointments, and patches. Is used to deliver medication to the body by absorption through the skin. Delivery is slow and maintains a steady, stable level of medication.
Medications that produce local effects .
Administration of medication , water vapor, or gas by inspiration of the substance into the lungs. Absorbed quickly through the alveolar walls into the capillaries but a disease condition may make absorption difficult to predict.
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