Music Theory Grade 5

STUDY
PLAY
accelerando
gradually getting quicker
accel.
gradually getting quicker
adagio
slow
allegretto
fairly quick (but not as quick as allegro)
allegro
quick
andante
at a medium (walking) speed
cantabile
in a singing style
crescendo
gradually getting louder
cresc
gradually getting louder
da capo
repeat from the beginning
D.C.
repeat from the beginning
dal segno
repeat from the sign
D.S.
repeat from the sign
decrescendo
gradually getting quieter
decresc.
gradually getting quieter
diminuendo
gradually getting quieter
dim.
gradually getting quieter
fine
the end
forte
loud
fortissimo
very loud
legato
smoothly
lento
slow
mezzo
half
mezzo forte
moderately loud
mezzo piano
moderately quiet
moderato
moderately
piano
quiet
pianissimo
very quiet
poco
a little
rallentando
gradually getting slower
rall.
gradually getting slower
ritardando
gradually getting slower
rit.
gradually getting slower
ritenuto
held back
rit.
held back
staccato / stacc.
detached
tempo
speed, time (a tempo: in time)
8va
octave
a
at, to, by, for, in the style of
al
to the, in the manner of
alla
to the, in the manner of
allargando
broadening (getting a little slow and probably louder)
andantino
slightly faster than andante
assai
very
con, col
with
dolce
sweet, soft
e
and
ed
and
espressivo
expressive
express.
xpressive
espr.
xpressive
fortepiano
loud, then immediately soft
giocoso
playful, merry
grave
very slow, solemn
grazioso
graceful
larghetto
rather slow (not as slow as largo)
largo
slow, stately
ma
but
maestoso
majestic
meno
less
molto
very, much
mosso
movement
moto
movement
non
not
più
more
presto
fast
senza
without
sforzando
forced, accented
zforzato
forced, accented
simile
in the same way
sim.
in the same way
sostenuto
sustained
tenuto
held
troppo
too much
vivace
lively, quick
vivo
lively, quick
affettuoso
tenderly
affrettando
hurrying
amabile
amiable, pleasant
appassionato
with passion
calando
getting softer, dying away
cantando
singing
come
as, similar to (come prima - as before, come sopra - as above)
facile
easy
fuoco
fire
giusto
proper, exact (tempo giusto - in strict time)
l'istesso
the same (l'istesso temo - the same speed)
morendo
dying away
niente
nothing
nobilmente
nobly
perdendosi
dying away
possibile
possible (presto possibile - as fast as possible)
quasi
as if, resembling
sonoro
resonant, with rich tone
sopra
above
sotto
below (sotto voce - in an undertone)
veloce
swift
voce
voice
à
to, at
animé
animated, lively
assez
enough, sufficient
avec
with
cédez
yield, relax with speed
douce
sweet
en dehors
prominent (a direction to make a melody stand out)
et
and
légèrement
light
lent
slow
mais
but
moins
less
modéré
at a moderate speed
non
not
peu
little
plus
more
presser
hurry (en pressant - hurrying on)
ralentir
slow down
retenu
held back (en retenant - holding back, slowing a little)
sans
without
très
very
un / une
one
vif
lively
vite
quick
attacca
go straight on to the next section of music
dolente
sad, mournful
dolore
grief (doloroso: sorrowful)
doppio movimento
twice as fast
estinto
as soft as possible, lifeless
incalzando
getting quicker
lacrimoso
sad
loco
at the normal pitch (used often to cancel an 8va direction)
lunga
long (lunga pausa: long pause)
lusingando
coaxing, in a sweet and persuasive style
misura
measure (all misura: in strict time; senza misura: in free time)
ossia
or, alternatively
piacevole
pleasant
piangevole
plaintive, in the style of a lament
pochettino
rather little
poch.
rather little
rinforzando
reinforcing
rfz
reinforcing
rf
reinforcing
segue
go straight on
smorzando
dying away in tone and speed
smorz.
dying away in tone and speed
teneramente
tenderly, tenderness
tenerezza
tenderly, tenderness
tosto
swift, rapid (but often used in the same sense as troppo)
volante
flying fast
aber
but
ausdruck
expression
bewegt
with movement, agitated
breit
broad, expansive
ein
a, one
einfach
simple
etwas
somewhat, rather
fröhlich
cheerful, joyful
immer
always
langsam
slow
lebhaft
lively
mässig
at a moderate speed
mit
with
nicht
not
ohne
without
ruhig
peaceful
schnell
fast
sehr
very
süss
sweet
traurig
sad
und
and
voll
full
wenig
little
wieder
again
zart
tender, delicate
zu
to, too
adagietto
rather slow (faster than adagio)
ad libitum
at choice, meaning that a passage may be played freely
ad lib.
at choice, meaning that a passage may be played freely
agitato
agitated
alla breve
with a minim beat, equivalent to 2/2, implying a faster tempo than the note values might otherwise suggest
amore
love (amoroso - loving)
anima
soul, spirit
animato
animated, lively
animando
becoming lively
ben
well
brio
vigour
comodo
convenient, comfortable
deciso
with determination
delicato
delicate
energico
energetic
forza
force
largamente
broadly
leggiero
light, nimble
marcato
emphatic, accented
marc.
emphatic, accented
marziale
in a military style
mesto
sad
pesante
heavy
prima
first
primo
first
risoluto
bold, strong
ritmico
rhythmically
rubato
with some freedom of time
tempo rubato
with some freedom of time
scherzando
playful, joking
scherzoso
playful, joking
seconda
second
secondo
second
semplice
simple, plain
sempre
always
stringendo
gradually getting faster
subito
suddenly
tanto
so much
tranquillo
calm
triste
sad, sorrowful
tristamente
sad, sorrowful
volta
time (prima volta - first time, seconda volta - second time)
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