English 2 Midterm

STUDY
PLAY
Character Foil
In fiction, a _ is a character who contrasts with another character —usually the protagonist— to highlight particular qualities of the other character.
Ismene is Antigone's _.
Hamartia
In tragedy, _ is commonly understood to refer to the protagonist's error or tragic flaw that leads to a chain of plot actions culminating in a reversal of their good fortune to bad.
Antigone's stubborn loyalty becomes her - , her tragic error, and ultimately causes her downfall. Antigone is a great example of how a hamartia doesn't necessarily have to be a character "flaw" as it is often described.
Archetype
In literature, a _ is a typical character, an action or a situation that seems to represent such universal patterns of human nature. A _, also known as universal symbol, may be a character, a theme, a symbol or even a setting.
Creon is the tragic character in the play "Antigone". Creon's tragic flaw, hubris, causes his downfall.Creon will not listen to anyone. He is stubborn and his pride is so great, he can not bring himself to acknowledge that he could ever wrong.
Peripeteia
_ is a sudden or unexpected reversal of circumstances or situation especially in a literary work.
Oedipus experienced _ when he found out the truth of who he was.
Creon experienced peripeteia after his visit from Tieresius.
Dramatic Irony
When the audience knows something that the characters on stage do not know.
It was _ when Creon believed that the person that covered Polyneices body was a man, but the messenger brought in Antigone a woman.
Anagnorisis
_, (Greek: "recognition"), in a literary work, the startling discovery that produces a change from ignorance to knowledge. It is discussed by Aristotle in the Poetics as an essential part of the plot of a tragedy.
Oedipus experienced _ when he realized he had killed his father and married his mother just as the prophecy predicted.
Creon experienced _ when he realized the consequences of his choices and his stubborn pride.
Verbal Irony
Saying one thing when you really mean another or sarcasm.
In the first instances of dialogue between Antigone and Ismene, Antigone refers to 'the worthy Creon' (line 35). Clearly she is angered by Creon's decree, and having already stated her intention to defy it, we understand that she does not believe he is a worthy king.
Hubris
Excessive pride.
Creon suffered from _ which became his downfall.
Static Character
a literary or dramatic character who undergoes little or no inner change; a character who does not grow or develop.
Antigone is the _ because she does not change at all.
Monologue & Soliloquy
A dramatic _ (q.v.) is any speech of some duration addressed by a character to a second person. A _ (q.v.) is a type of monologue in which a character directly addresses an audience or speaks his thoughts aloud while alone or while the other actors keep silent.
In Antigone, Creon give a _ at the beginning of the play to the chorus taking his place as the king.
Antigone also gives a - as she is being taken to the tomb.
Catharsis
A _ is an emotional discharge through which one can achieve a state of moral or spiritual renewal, or achieve a state of liberation from anxiety and stress experienced by the audience. _ is a Greek word meaning "cleansing."
Throughout the play, the people in the audience pity Antigone, as she has lost her brother and is forbidden to bury him. They also pity Antigone and Haemon's relationship that ends with the deaths of both.
Dynamic Character
A literary or dramatic character who undergoes an important inner change, as a change in personality or attitude.
Creon is a _ in Antigone as he had a dramatic change.
Situational Irony
When something happens but you expected the opposite to happen.
The _ in this instance is that, despite her attempt to bury Polyneices, his remains are left to decay in the open, but for her crime of attempting to bury her brother Creon orders that Antigone is entombed while still alive.
In other words, Creon refuses to bury the dead guy but instead buries his sister who is alive.
Aside
A remark or passage by a character in a play that is intended to be heard by the audience but unheard by the other characters in the play.
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