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Ch. 3 Review
Terms in this set (30)
powers given to the national government by the Constitution that define the limits of authority.
document that establishes a city's name and serves as its Constitution
districts, independent of the city and county, especially established to provide government functions on the local level
process by which a state establishes a city as a legal government body by giving it a charter establishing the parameters in which it can operate
urban, local systems of government including cities, villages and towns
political subdivision of a county
(also called pure democracy) a form of government in which the people directly affect a government's policies and actions
(also called representative democracy) form of government in which the people elect representatives to operate government on their behalf
state in which the supreme power rests in the people and their elected representatives or officers
form of dictatorship government ruled by an elite group with supreme power
system in which regional governments retain supremacy while delegating limited power to national government
system in which governmental peer is divided into two or more levels, usually a central government and component local governments
system in which the people give authority to one centralized level of government which then create other levels of government to help administer the law
system in which the people directly elect the head of the executive branch independently of the legislative branch; the two branches are separate and equal
system in which the people elect legislative representatives from different parties; the winning party's leader becomes the head of the executive branch, the Prime Minister, and establishes a government
Why does the Constitution limit the states' powers?
in order to preserve the national government's powers
According to the Constitution, which powers do the states retain?
powers not delegated to the national government or prohibited to the states
Besides the Constitution, what limits a state's power?
10th amendment and the states' own particular constitutions
What did the states create to assist in the administering their laws and policies?
Who is the chief officer of a state's executive branch?
What is the heart of American Government?
What are the 3 branches of government?
legislative, judicial, executive
How is Congress divided?
into 2 houses: lower house is House of Representatives and higher house is the Senate
Who is the chief executive officer of the executive branch of government?
Which branch of government interprets the laws?
Which state does not have a bicameral legislature?
What does the Constitution establish as the highest court in the land?
What is the absence of government?
What has control over the creation and existence of cities within a state?
What is more popular worldwide? Parliamentary or presidential system?
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