22 terms

Colonization - Constitution Vocab

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charter
legal document giving certain rights to a person or company
cash crop
crop grown for sale
checks and balances
system in which each branch of the government has the power to monitor and limit the actions of the other two
committee of correspondence
network of local groups that informed colonists of British measures and the opposition to them in the years before the Revolutionary War
Enlightenment
18th century movement during which European philosophers believed that society's problems could be solved by reason and science
electoral college
group of persons chosen from each state to indirectly elect the President and Vice President
Federal
national
Federalism
political system in which power is shared between the national government and state government
House of Burgesses
representative assembly of colonial Virginia formed in 1619
bicameral legislature
lawmaking body made up of two houses
mercenary
professional soldier who is paid to fight in a foreign army
middle passage
the forced transport of enslaved Africans from West Africa to the Americas
mercantillism
economic policy under which a nation accumulates wealth by exporting more goods than its imports
natural rights
universal rights, such as life and liberty that, according to philosophers, derive from nature rather than a government
loyalist
colonist who remained loyal to Britain during the Revolution
salutary neglect
British policy in early 1700s which allowed the colonies virtual self-rule as long as Great Britain was gaining economically
separation of powers
principle that divides power among the executive, legislative and judicial branches of government
staple crop
crops that are in steady demand
ratification
official approval
republic
form of government in which officials are elected by the people
triangular trade
3 way pattern of trade that involved England, English colonies in the Americas, and West Africa
unicameral legislature
lawmaking body made up of a single house
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