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Chapter 4 Environmental and Health Consequences of Polluted Air -Indoor and Outdoor
Terms in this set (16)
Serious environmental problem, atmospheric precipitation of substantial acidity.
Two predominant acids in acid rain
Primary Pollutants are sulfur dioxide (SO2) and nitric oxide (NO). Secondary pollutants are Sulfuric acid (H2SO4) and Nitric acid (HNO3) both are strong acids.
Process by which non-aqueous chemicals are deposited onto solid and liquid surfaces at ground level when air containing them passes over the surfaces.
Encompass the transfer of pollutants to the Earths surface by rain, snow or fog, by aqueous solutions.
Dissolved Organic Carbon, contains molecules that absorb some of the UV from sunlight.
Human Health Effects of Outdoor Air Pollutants
effects on the lungs (asthma) by rise of the sulfur dioxide or ozone
air toxic 1,3-butadiene can cause cancer, leukemia, affect reproduction.
Human Health Effects of Smog
Causes bronchial problems.
Substances that dissolve into the body of a particle are said to be _______ by it.
Substances that simply stick to the surface of the particle are said to be _______.
Indoor Air Pollutants
Benzene and Other Gasoline-related hydrocarbons
Environmental Tobacco Smoke
Sick building syndrome
formaldehyde is thought to be the most important VOC to produce this. describes situations in which the occupants of a building experience acute heath effects and discomfort.
Hazardous Air Pollutant, stable volatile liquid hydrocarbon, minor constituent of gasoline. Classified by EPA as a known human carcinogen.
Colorless odorless gas whose concentration indoors can be greatly increased by the incomplete combustion of carbon-containing fuels such as wood, gasoline, kerosene, or gas.
Environmental Tobacco smoke or second-hand smoke leading cause of lung cancer and main contributor to heart disease.
Refers to a family of six naturally occurring silicate minerals that are fibrous.
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