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12 terms

Psych Quiz #1

STUDY
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Plato
Distrusted senses as source of knowledge because easily deceivable - believed inborn knowledge (nativism) - believed reasoning could unlock knowledge (rationalism) - Logical fallacy
Aristotle
Accepted importance of reasoning/accepted sensory experience as knowledge (empiricism) - believed heart was center of mental process - first to write on dreams/sleep/reminiscence and senses
Thomas Aquinas
Idea that soul/mind are separate from each other - soul could exist without body
Rene Decartes
Rationalism - I think therefore I am - inborn knowledge/intellectual abilities from heredity - skepticism
Sir Francis Bacon
Inspired scientific method - favored skepticism/observation and verification of claims
John Locke
Empiricism - nurture in nvs.n - importance of life experience
Immanuel Kant
Compromise between rationalism/empiricism - knowledge is product of inborn facilities that interpret sensory input from environment - dualist who believed mind wasn't tangible/was impossible to study (psych = not a science but philosophy)
Herman von Hemholtz
Created electrical machines, - studied function of vision/hearing/nerve impulses
Paul Broca
Surgeon specialized in brain injuries - discovered specific region of brain on left side = loss of speech
Peirre Florens
Discovered damage to cerebellum caused motor incoordination (idea of localization of functions)
Sigmund Freud
Concerned with mind/consciousness though interviews and description of experience (driven by sex/anger)
William James
Wrote principle that defined psych as naturalistic science of mind - wrote textbook/definition used today