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15 terms

The Development of Feudalism in Western Europe

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feudalism
A political system in which nobles are granted the use of lands that legally belong to their king, in exchange for their loyalty, military service, and protection of the people who live on the land
noble
the highest-ranking social class after the ruling family
serf
a person who is bound to the land and owned by the feudal lord
barbarian
a person belonging to a tribe or group that is considered uncivilized
Christianity
the religion based on the life and teachings of Jesus Christ
monarch
a ruler, such as a king or queen
fief
land granted by a lord to a vassal in exchange for loyalty and service
vassal
in the middle ages, a noble who usually was given a fief by his lord in exchange for loyalty
manor
a large estate, including farmland and villages, held by a lord
pope
the bishop of Rome and supreme leader of the Roman Catholic Church
divine right
the belief that God gives monarchs the right to rule
duke
the highest type of European noble, ranking just below a prince
hierarchy
a system of organizing people into ranks, with those of a higher rank having more power and privileges
chivalry
the medieval knight's code of ideal behavior, including bravery, loyalty, and respect for women
William, Duke of Normandy
Conquered the English King Harold, and became king of England himself