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A political system in which nobles are granted the use of lands that legally belong to their king, in exchange for their loyalty, military service, and protection of the people who live on the land


the highest-ranking social class after the ruling family


a person who is bound to the land and owned by the feudal lord


a person belonging to a tribe or group that is considered uncivilized


the religion based on the life and teachings of Jesus Christ


a ruler, such as a king or queen


land granted by a lord to a vassal in exchange for loyalty and service


in the middle ages, a noble who usually was given a fief by his lord in exchange for loyalty


a large estate, including farmland and villages, held by a lord


the bishop of Rome and supreme leader of the Roman Catholic Church

divine right

the belief that God gives monarchs the right to rule


the highest type of European noble, ranking just below a prince


a system of organizing people into ranks, with those of a higher rank having more power and privileges


the medieval knight's code of ideal behavior, including bravery, loyalty, and respect for women

William, Duke of Normandy

Conquered the English King Harold, and became king of England himself

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