Chapter 2.3 : Apex Government
Terms in this set (24)
To amend a document is to change or add to it. There have been 27 amendments to the U.S. Constitution.
Alterations to the constitution of a nation or a state. The U.S. Constitution has been amended 27 times.
The main part of the U.S. Constitution. Article I covers the legislative branch, Article II the executive, Article III the judiciary, Article IV the states, Article V the amendments, Article VI general provisions, and Article VII the ratification process.
balance of power
A balance of power refers to the idea that powers should be equally divided between the three branches of government. This way, no one branch can dominate the other two.
Bill of Rights
The Bill of Rights are the first 10 amendments to the Constitution. These amendments list and protect the rights of citizens and the states. The Bill of Rights was created as a result of the debates over ratification of the Constitution.
checks and balances
The system of balancing power in the U.S. government. The legislative, executive, and judicial branches can all check, or limit the power of the other two branches. This balances the power of all three.
Powers shared by both the state and the federal governments.
Congress is the legislative branch of the U.S. government. It is bicameral (two houses) with the Senate (upper house) chosen by state and the House of Representatives (lower house) chosen by population.
Powers clearly given to the federal government by the U.S. Constitution.
division of powers
Division of powers is a general term referring to governments that split power between a central government and smaller local or regional governments.
The division of powers between the national and state governments.
A general term for the men who wrote the U.S. Constitution and the Bill of Rights
House of Representatives
The House of Representatives is the lower house of the U.S. Congress. The size of each state's delegation is determined by population, although every state sends at least one Representative.
The judicial branch is the branch of government responsible for interpreting laws. It includes all courts.
The legislative branch is responsible for making laws. Congress is the legislative branch of the U.S. government.
A government whose powers are limited.
A pocket veto becomes law if the President does not sign a bill within 10 days, unless Congress adjourns first. The President can veto a law passed late in a congressional session by refusing to sign it until Congress goes home.
The right of the people to run their country. The people are the sovereign, or ultimate authority.
The introduction to the U.S. Constitution. It lays out the principles and purposes of the document.
Powers given to the states by the U.S. Constitution.
The Senate is the upper house of the U.S. Congress. Every state sends two senators to Congress. Senators were originally chosen by the state legislature, but are now elected directly by the people.
separation of powers
The division of power between the executive, legislative, and judicial branches of government.
The supremacy clause in Article VI, paragraph 2 of the U.S. Constitution states that the Constitution, and federal laws made under the Constitution, are the supreme law of the land. They overrule any state laws and state constitutions.
Written plan of government for the United States.
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