G.E.D. Social studies terms
Terms in this set (19)
Three Branches of Government
Judicial, Legislative, Executive
Courts decide arguments about the meaning of laws and how they are applied. They also decide if laws violate the Constitution— it is how federal courts provide checks and balances on the legislative and executive branches.
enacts legislation, confirms or rejects presidential appointments, and has the authority to declare war.
carries out and enforces laws. It includes the President, Vice President, the Cabinet, executive departments, independent agencies, and other boards, commissions, and committees.
checks and balances
a system that allows each branch of a government to amend or veto acts of another branch so as to prevent any one branch from exerting too much power
a system of dividing up power between a central national government and local state governments that are connected to one another by the national government. (federalism)
A form of government in which a god or deity is recognized as the state's supreme civil ruler
Rule by an individual for life or until abdication, often hereditary.
Refers to a broad range of types of government based upon the "consent of the governed
A form of government in which power effectively rests with a small elite segment of society distinguished by royal, wealth, intellectual, family, military or religious hegemony.
where the executive holds a disproportionate amount of power
Rule by a totalitarian and corporatist government
Government by a usually hereditary class of military landowners, who exact goods and services from a peasant class in exchange for protection
sign or give formal consent to (a treaty, contract, or agreement), making it officially valid by 3/4 of the United stated (38 states)
A tax or duty placed on imports or exports
Department of Treasury Agency
Bureau of Economic Labor Analysis
refers to a government run by the people, where the people have to ability to affect, change, and replace their government as they see fit.
deals with a centralized control of wealth in order to make the spread of wealth more equal.
deals with the idea of free markets and private ownership in the economy
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