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14 terms

computer terms

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input device
a device that can be used to insert data into a computer or other computational device
hardware
(computer science) the mechanical, magnetic, electronic, and electrical components making up a computer system
software
(computer science) written programs or procedures or rules and associated documentation pertaining to the operation of a computer system and that are stored in read/write memory
operation system
A program that runs your Computer
application program
a program that gives a computer instructions that provide the user with tools to accomplish a task
output device
displays or prints information produced by a computer. Printers and monitors are examples of output devices. A printer produces a hard copy output while a monitor produces a soft copy output.
CPU
(computer science) the part of a computer (a microprocessor chip) that does most of the data processing
computer
a machine for performing calculations automatically
storage device
a device that preserves information for retrieval
RAM
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ROM
(computer science) memory whose contents can be accessed and read but cannot be changed
Supercomputer
a mainframe computer that is one of the most powerful available at a given time
Mainframe
(computer science) the part of a computer (a microprocessor chip) that does most of the data processing
Minicomputer
a digital computer of medium size