14 terms

Civil War Vocab

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Anaconda Plan
Union strategy during the Civil War which incorporated a plan to blockade Southern ports and capture the Mississippi River. It was called the Anaconda Plan as the strategy resembled an anaconda squeezing its prey to death.
Andersonville
infamous Civil War prisoner-of-war camp in Macon County, Georgia. Over 13,000 Union soldiers died in the camp.
Atlanta Campaign
a series of battles fought in the Western Theater of the American Civil War throughout northwest Georgia and the area around Atlanta during the summer of 1864; a Union military campaign led by William T. Sherman from May 1864-September 1864 with the Atlanta as the ultimate objective; Sherman's army marched from Chattanooga to Atlanta. Included the battles of Dalton (Union victory), Resaca (Union victory), and Kennesaw Mountain (Confederate victory; only Union loss during the campaign).
Battle of Antietam
Union victory; bloodiest one-day battle in the War.
Battle of Atlanta
Union victory; this one day battle allowed Union forces to inch closer to the city in the Atlanta Campaign; was not the battle that allowed Union Troops to occupy the city.
Battle of Chickamauga
Confederate victory; largest battle fought in Georgia; led to the battle of Chattanooga.
Battle of Gettysburg
Union victory; turning point of the Civil War; the North repelled a Southern invasion into Pennsylvania.
Blockade Runners
private Southern ships that attempted to "break" the Union blockade and trade cotton with European countries for manufactured goods.
Emancipation Proclamation
document that declared all slaves in the rebellious states would be freed if the South did not return to the Union by January 1, 1863.
Ironclads
warships covered in steel and iron used in the Civil War.
March to the Sea
Union military campaign led by William T. Sherman from November 15-December 25, 1864 with Savannah being the ultimate objective; more importantly Sherman used a "scorched earth" policy to end the South's will to fight.
Scorched-Earth Policy
all of the assets that are used or can be used by the enemy are targeted, such as food sources, transportation, communications, industrial resources, and even the people in the area; Sherman employed this policy during his March to the Sea campaign.
William T Sherman
a U.S. Civil War Union Army leader known for "Sherman's March," in which he and his troops laid waste to Georgia and other Southern states.
Union Blockade
a naval strategy by the United States to prevent the Confederacy from trading. The Union wanted to try and choke off resupply to the South, and to prevent the shipment of arms, ammunition and material to the Southern States.
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