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Process of maintaining normal balance


The study of the function of disease (how disease processes work to cause dysfunction in the body)

Predisposing Factors

Increase an individual's vulnerability or susceptibility to a particular disease

Clinical Presentation

The manifestation of a disease


A subjective complaint from a patient. A patients perception of discomfort.


An objective finding by the examining health care professional. Open to interpretation and is measurable.

Subclinical or Asymptomatic

Even though a disease is present, it does not produce symptoms that are noticeable by the patient


When a disease process always has a specific set of signs and symptoms that occur together.

Generalized or Nonspecific

When signs and symptoms are so common. By themselves they do not indicate any particular disease.


Additional abnormalities that develop as the result of the disease.


The first or initial disease


Other dysfunctions that occur on top of the primary condition or because of the primary condition


What can come after a disease (sequel)


A sudden onset of signs and symptoms, which can be severe


Gradual onset; sometimes described as insidious (longer than 6 months)


Effect of a disease confined to one area

Systemic or Generalized

Effect of a disease that spread to many parts of the body


The process of identifying the manifestations so that the disease can be named


To feel and determine with the hands


To listen to sounds with a stethoscope

Supportive Therapy

Support of the body's needs to make it as strong as possible so that is may overcome the disease

Palliative Therapy

Provides relief from signs and symptoms (anti-inflammatory medications, steroids, pain relievers)


If a disease does not require treatment to be cured and resolves on its own


Coming from within the body


Coming from outside the body


Structural ground substance that houses the parenchymal cells

Parenchymal cells

Those cells that perform a function


Either a disruption in the continuity of the tissues caused by disease or trauma, or the loss of function of a part.


Suffix that describes an organ that is enlarged


When the body attempts to make up or compensate for the effects of a disorder.


Shrinking or withering away; caused by disuse of a body part or organ.

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