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31 terms

The Living Body (terms)

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Homeostasis
Process of maintaining normal balance
Pathophysiology
The study of the function of disease (how disease processes work to cause dysfunction in the body)
Predisposing Factors
Increase an individual's vulnerability or susceptibility to a particular disease
Clinical Presentation
The manifestation of a disease
Symptom
A subjective complaint from a patient. A patients perception of discomfort.
Sign
An objective finding by the examining health care professional. Open to interpretation and is measurable.
Subclinical or Asymptomatic
Even though a disease is present, it does not produce symptoms that are noticeable by the patient
Syndrome
When a disease process always has a specific set of signs and symptoms that occur together.
Generalized or Nonspecific
When signs and symptoms are so common. By themselves they do not indicate any particular disease.
Complication
Additional abnormalities that develop as the result of the disease.
Primary
The first or initial disease
Secondary
Other dysfunctions that occur on top of the primary condition or because of the primary condition
Sequela
What can come after a disease (sequel)
Acute
A sudden onset of signs and symptoms, which can be severe
Chronic
Gradual onset; sometimes described as insidious (longer than 6 months)
Localized
Effect of a disease confined to one area
Systemic or Generalized
Effect of a disease that spread to many parts of the body
Diagnosis
The process of identifying the manifestations so that the disease can be named
Palpation
To feel and determine with the hands
Ausculation
To listen to sounds with a stethoscope
Supportive Therapy
Support of the body's needs to make it as strong as possible so that is may overcome the disease
Palliative Therapy
Provides relief from signs and symptoms (anti-inflammatory medications, steroids, pain relievers)
Self-limiting
If a disease does not require treatment to be cured and resolves on its own
Endogenous
Coming from within the body
Exogenous
Coming from outside the body
Matrix
Structural ground substance that houses the parenchymal cells
Parenchymal cells
Those cells that perform a function
Lesion
Either a disruption in the continuity of the tissues caused by disease or trauma, or the loss of function of a part.
Megaly
Suffix that describes an organ that is enlarged
Compensation
When the body attempts to make up or compensate for the effects of a disorder.
Atrophy
Shrinking or withering away; caused by disuse of a body part or organ.