Massachusetts, Rhode Island, Connecticut, New Hampshire, Pennsylvania, Delaware, Maryland, New York, Virginia, North Carolina, South Carolina, Georgia The French and Indian War was the result of France and Great Britain's conflict over the Ohio River Valley and other territory. Although neither nation had colonists living in the region, both wanted to trade furs with the Native Americans who lived there. To protect their fur trade, the French built several forts in the region prior to the war, but Great Britain sent in troops to capture these forts.
For the first few years of the fighting, the British and their colonial allies were unsuccessful against the French. In 1758, however, Britain sent additional, better-trained troops and attracted Native American allies. At this point the tide began to turn. The British successfully captured a number of French forts, and in 1759 they captured the French city of Quebec.
The French admitted defeat and signed a peace treaty in 1763, giving Great Britain control of Canada and of most of the territory east of the Mississippi River. Although Great Britain won the war, the costs of fighting it and maintaining the new territory soon led Parliament to levy new taxes on the colonists. These taxes would lead to an even larger conflict, the American Revolution.