photography midterm

STUDY
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Terms in this set (...)

lens
what light travels through to enter your shutter
shutter
the opening in your camera that allows light to enter and record your image
focus ring
on your lens, how you focus your image, manual or automatic
view finder
what you look through to determine composition
light meter
a gauge lens to help you determine the correct exposure settings
lens cap
to cover and protect your lens
composition
how you arrange the elements of your photo
shallow depth of field
subject in foreground is focused, background is blurry requires a large aperture and a fast shutter speed (ex. 2.8/500)
great depth of field
foreground, middle ground and background are all in focus. requires a small aperture and slow shutter speed (ex. 11/125)
rule of thirds
the idea that images placed just off center in a composition are more visually interesting than centered compositions
horizon line
where the sky meets the land
bracketing
taking several shots with exposure settings on either side of what your light meter tells you to ensure a correctly exposed image
stop action
requires a shutter speed of 250 or faster
worms eye view
taken with vantage point from below your subject
birds eye view
vantage point from above your subject
contrast
separation between the darkest and brightest areas of an image
value
the range of lights and darks in an image
double exposure
two images printed on top of each other
kodak D76
the chemical developer we use (develops the imag on your negative)
fix
the chemical fixative we use (makes the image permanent and light safe)
bulk loader
device that holds 100 ft of film to dispense into film cassettes as needed
photo flo
final rinse of film, decreases water spots on negatives
enlarger
the device used to project your negative into a positive for printing
chemicals
used- developer, wash(water), fix, and wash water
contact sheet
thumbnails of your images on one sheet
negative carrier
the device in the enlarger to hold your negative while projecting it
test strip
small strip of photo paper exposed at various times in order to determine correct exposure time
enlargement
aka print exposed through an enlarger
contrast (darkroom)
the lights and darks in a
CS5
creative suite 5, version of photoshop we have in our mac lab, most current version now is CS6
SD card
an ultra small flash memory card designed to provide high-capacity memory in a small size.
Jpeg
standard image file format in digital photography
PNG file
file format designed for transferring images on the internet, not for professional-quality print graphics
PSD file
a layered image file used in Adobe photoshop; may only be opened in Photoshop
layers
layers allow you to make changes to individual elements of and effects on a photo, providing you with more flexibility in editing
saturation
the intensity of colors in an image
adjustments
changes you make to the image to increase or decrease things like contrast, brightness
shutter speed
how long the shutter is open for
aperture /f a stop
shutter opening size. how much light is let into your camera (bigger the number smaller the opening
film speed/ISO
the film's sensitivity to light. higher the number, the more sensitive to light it is