Upgrade to remove ads
World History Topic 7 Quiz
Terms in this set (46)
Which of these is a main reason the Industrial Revolution was a turning point in world history?
The traditional rural lifestyle ended for most people.
Why did the population of Britain increase in the mid-1700s?
Better farming led to a food surplus so fewer people starved
What important contribution did James Watt make to the Industrial Revolution?
He perfected a new source of energy
Who supplied the capital that helped Britain industrialize?
investors willing to take risks
How did enclosures contribute to the development of the Industrial Revolution?
They consolidated fields to gain larger pastures.
What was one of Britain's primary contributions to industrialism?
developed new machines for textiles, led to factory system
What was one way that James Watt's steam technology contributed to the Industrial Revolution?
Steam engines improved shipping of goods and raw materials
Why were the first factories more efficient than the earlier putting-out system?
They brought workers and machines together in one place.
Industrialization spread because
other nations wanted same econ opportunities Britain enjoyed
Which of these about population trends during the Industrial Revolution is most accurate?
Need for factory labor was a cause of pop shift to cities
Which supports the idea that the Industrial Revolution led to social change in Europe?
Entrepreneurs earned enough to rise above the working class
What statement best describes the lives of women who worked during the Industrial Revolution?
worked same hours for half men's pay, and took care of house
During the Industrial Revolution, how did economics drive political change?
middle class demanded more democracy; voting rights expanded
According to laissez-faire economists, what is the benefit of a free market?
as supply of goods ↑, prices would drop so more could afford
The main focus of utilitarianism was
ensuring the greatest happiness for the most people
Early socialism was most concerned with
sharing all property and means of production.
According to Marx, what would be the main characteristic of communism?
classless society where wealth and power were equally shared
Which of the following is a difference between socialism and communism?
Early S supported establishing Utopian communities;C did not
Which best describes the new middle class that emerged as a result of industrialization?
Many members owned the businesses that hired urban workers
Which statement best describes child labor during the early years of the Industrial Revolution?
Mines and textile factories employed many children.
What was one long-term benefit of the Industrial Revolution?
In industrial countries, overall standard of living improved
Adam Smith defined the free market as an economic system in which
the market functions with little or no govt interference
Socialism is based on the belief that
the means of production should be shared by all in a society
How did Thomas Edison's invention of the light bulb affect industry?
Electric lights allowed factories to run after dark.
Which had the greatest impact on transportation during the second Industrial Revolution?
the internal combustion engine
Why did some business owners form corporations?
to raise money to expand into different areas
Which factors caused the population of Europe to soar between 1800 and 1900?
Medicine advanced, and the death rate fell.
Which of the following changes to city life would be most likely to reduce the crime rate?
installing street lights
Why did some workers organize unions?
to improve their working conditions
Identify two major effects of new technology on business during the Industrial Revolution.
Production became faster and less expensive.
Why did big business emerge during the Industrial Revolution?
New technologies required the investment of more capital.
How did city life change during the last 1800s and early 1900s?
Improved sanitation slowed the spread of disease.
Which helped improve working conditions in many mines and factories during the late 1800s?
the growth of labor unions
Louis Pasteur helped improve public health by
applying germ theory to combat disease.
How did the lives of middle-class women change during the Industrial Revolution?
They spent more time buying items than producing them.
By 1900, women in Britain and the United States had not yet won the right to
Why had colleges and universities changed their curriculum by the late 1800s?
More people worked jobs that needed science & engineering
Why was Darwin's theory controversial in the 1800s?
It contradicted the biblical view of creation.
How did religious groups respond to the challenges of industrialization?
They worked for reform and social services.
What did romantic poetry, music, and art have in common?
They stirred strong emotion & intense feelings in audiences.
What was the goal of realist writers and artists?
to present reality and comment on social wrongs
What was the goal of impressionist painters?
to capture the eye's first impression of a scene
How did realism reflect the culture of the Industrial Age?
Realism portrayed the social ills of industrialization.
Which value most shaped middle class home life during the later Industrial Revolution?
the cult of domesticity
One way that working-class women differed from middle-class women was that working-class women
often worked outside the home in factories.
What was one effect of the Industrial Revolution on education?
Universities began stressing science and engineering.
YOU MIGHT ALSO LIKE...
Q3W3 history test
Topic 7 test
Topic 7 Test Review
OTHER SETS BY THIS CREATOR
CHM 1025C: Chapter 5 & 6 Review
Florida Permit 2019
CHM 1025C: Chapter 3 & 4 Review
American Government, Chapter 9 Political Parties